Man Linux: Main Page and Category List


       backup - Introduction to the backup command suite


       The commands in the backup command suite are the administrative
       interface to the AFS Backup System. There are several categories of
       commands in the suite:

       ·   Commands to copy data from AFS volumes to tape or a backup data
           file, and to restore it to the file system: backup diskrestore,
           backup dump, backup volrestore, and backup volsetrestore.

       ·   Commands to administer the records in the Backup Database: backup
           adddump, backup addhost, backup addvolentry, backup addvolset,
           backup deldump, backup deletedump, backup delhost, backup
           delvolentry, backup delvolset, backup dumpinfo, backup listdumps,
           backup listhosts, backup listvolsets, backup scantape, backup
           setexp, and backup volinfo.

       ·   Commands to write and read tape labels: backup labeltape and backup

       ·   Commands to list and change the status of backup operations and the
           machines performing them: backup jobs, backup kill, and backup

       ·   Commands to enter and leave interactive mode: backup interactive
           and backup quit.

       ·   Commands to check for and repair corruption in the Backup Database:
           backup dbverify, backup restoredb, and backup savedb.

       ·   Commands to obtain help: backup apropos and backup help.

       The backup command interpreter interacts with two other processes:

       ·   The Backup Server (buserver) process. It maintains the Backup
           Database, which stores most of the administrative information used
           by the Backup System. In the standard configuration, the Backup
           Server runs on each database server machine in the cell, and uses
           AFS’s distributed database technology, Ubik, to synchronize its
           copy of the database with the copies on the other database server

       ·   The Backup Tape Coordinator (butc) process. A separate instance of
           the process controls each tape device or backup data file used to
           dump or restore data. The Tape Coordinator runs on a Tape
           Coordinator machine, which is an AFS server or client machine that
           has one or more tape devices attached, or has sufficient disk space
           to accommodate one or more backup data files on its local disk.

           Each Tape Coordinator must be registered in the Backup Database and
           in the /var/lib/openafs/backup/tapeconfig configuration file on the
           Tape Coordinator machine’s local disk, and information in the two
           places must be consistent for proper Backup System performance. The
           optional /var/lib/openafs/backup/CFG_device_name for each Tape
           Coordinator records information used to automate its operation.

       In addition to the standard command line interface, the backup command
       suite provides an interactive interface, which has several useful
       features described in backup_interactive(8).  Three of the commands in
       the suite are available only in interactive mode: backup jobs, backup
       kill, and backup quit.


       The following options are available on many commands in the backup
       suite. The reference page for each command also lists them, but they
       are described here in greater detail.

       -cell <cell name>
           Names the cell in which to run the command. It is acceptable to
           abbreviate the cell name to the shortest form that distinguishes it
           from the other entries in the /etc/openafs/CellServDB file on the
           local machine. If the -cell argument is omitted, the command
           interpreter determines the name of the local cell by reading the
           following in order:

           ·   The value of the AFSCELL environment variable.

           ·   The local /etc/openafs/ThisCell file.

           Do not combine the -cell and -localauth options. A command on which
           the -localauth flag is included always runs in the local cell (as
           defined in the server machine’s local /etc/openafs/server/ThisCell
           file), whereas a command on which the -cell argument is included
           runs in the specified foreign cell.

           The -cell argument is not available on commands issued in
           interactive mode. The cell defined when the backup command
           interpreter enters interactive mode applies to all commands issued
           during the interactive session.

           Prints a command’s online help message on the standard output
           stream. Do not combine this flag with any of the command’s other
           options; when it is provided, the command interpreter ignores all
           other options, and only prints the help message.

           Constructs a server ticket using the server encryption key with the
           highest key version number in the local /etc/openafs/server/KeyFile
           file. The backup command interpreter presents the ticket, which
           never expires, to the Backup Server, Volume Server and Volume
           Location (VL) Server during mutual authentication.

           Use this flag only when issuing a command on a server machine;
           client machines do not usually have a /etc/openafs/server/KeyFile
           file.  The issuer of a command that includes this flag must be
           logged on to the server machine as the local superuser "root". The
           flag is useful for commands invoked by an unattended application
           program, such as a process controlled by the UNIX cron utility or
           by a cron entry in the machine’s /etc/openafs/BosConfig file. It is
           also useful if an administrator is unable to authenticate to AFS
           but is logged in as the local superuser "root".

           Do not combine the -cell and -localauth options. A command on which
           the -localauth flag is included always runs in the local cell (as
           defined in the server machine’s local /etc/openafs/server/ThisCell
           file), whereas a command on which the -cell argument is included
           runs in the specified foreign cell.

           The -localauth argument is not available on commands issued in
           interactive mode. The local identity and AFS tokens with which the
           backup command interpreter enters interactive mode apply to all
           commands issued during the interactive session.

       -portoffset <TC port offset>
           Specifies the port offset number of the Tape Coordinator that is to
           execute the backup command. The port offset number uniquely
           identifies a pairing of a Tape Coordinator (butc) process and tape
           device or backup data file.

           The backup command interpreter and Tape Coordinator process
           communicate via a UDP socket, or port. Before issuing a backup
           command that involves reading or writing a tape, the backup
           operator must start a butc process that controls the appropriate
           tape device and listens for requests sent to its port number. If a
           Backup System machine has multiple tape devices attached, they can
           perform backup operations simultaneously because each device has
           its own associated butc process and port offset number.

           The Backup System associates a tape capacity and file mark size
           with each port offset (as defined in the tapeconfig file). For a
           compressing tape device, the capacity and file mark values differ
           for compression and non-compression modes, so the two modes have
           distinct port offset numbers.

           The Backup Database can store up to 58,511 port offsets, so the
           legal values for this argument are the integers 0 through 58510. If
           the issuer omits the argument, it defaults to 0. (The limit of
           58,511 port offsets results from the fact that UDP socket numbers
           are identified by a 16-bit integer, and the lowest socket number
           used by the Backup System is 7025. The largest number that a 16-bit
           integer can represent is 65,535. Subtracting 7,025 yields 58,510.
           The addition of port offset 0 (zero) increases the maximum to

           Although it is possible to define up to 58,511 port offset numbers
           for a cell, it is not possible to run 58,511 tape devices
           simultaneously, due to the following limits:

           ·   The maximum number of dump or restore operations that can run
               simultaneously is 64.

           ·   The maximum number of tape devices that can work together on a
               restore operation is 128 (that is the maximum number of values
               that can be provided for the -portoffset argument to the backup
               diskrestore, backup volrestore, or backup volsetrestore

           The Backup System does not reserve UDP sockets. If another
           application is already using the Tape Coordinator’s socket when it
           tries to start, the butc process fails and the following error
           message appears at the shell prompt:

              bind: Address already in use
              rxi_GetUDPSocket: bind failed


       To issue any backup command that accesses the Backup Database only, the
       issuer must be listed in the /etc/openafs/server/UserList file on every
       machine where the Backup Server is running. To issue any backup command
       that accesses volume data, the issuer must appear in the UserList file
       on every Backup Server machine, every Volume Location (VL) Server
       machine, and every file server machine that houses affected volumes. By
       convention, a common UserList file is distributed to all database
       server and file server machines in the cell. See the chapter on
       privileged users in the IBM AFS Administration Guide for more
       information on this type of privilege.

       If the -localauth flag is included, the user must instead be logged on
       as the local superuser "root" on the server machine where the backup
       command is issued.


       BosConfig(5), CellServDB(5), KeyFile(5), ThisCell(5), UserList(5),
       butc(5), tapeconfig(5), backup_adddump(8), backup_addhost(8),
       backup_addvolentry(8), backup_addvolset(8), backup_dbverify(8),
       backup_deldump(8), backup_deletedump(8), backup_delhost(8),
       backup_delvolentry(8), backup_delvolset(8), backup_diskrestore(8),
       backup_dump(8), backup_dumpinfo(8), backup_help(8),
       backup_interactive(8), backup_jobs(8), backup_kill(8),
       backup_labeltape(8), backup_listdumps(8), backup_listhosts(8),
       backup_listvolsets(8), backup_quit(8), backup_readlabel(8),
       backup_restoredb(8), backup_savedb(8), backup_scantape(8),
       backup_setexp(8), backup_status(8), backup_volinfo(8),
       backup_volrestore(8), backup_volsetrestore(8), buserver(8), butc(8)


       IBM Corporation 2000. <> All Rights Reserved.

       This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0.
       It was converted from HTML to POD by software written by Chas Williams
       and Russ Allbery, based on work by Alf Wachsmann and Elizabeth Cassell.