Man Linux: Main Page and Category List


       makemenu - Create (S)VCD/DVD-compliant text menus


       makemenu  generates  (S)VCD-  or  DVD-compliant  MPEG videos for use as
       navigational menus, given a list of  text  strings  to  use  for  title
       names.  You  can customize the menu by providing an optional background
       image or audio clip, or by using custom font and font color.


       makemenu [OPTIONS] TITLES -out OUT_PREFIX

       For example:

       makemenu "Season One" "Season Two" "Featurettes" -out MainMenu


       -ntsc (default)
              Generate an NTSC-format menu

              Generate an NTSC-format menu (24000/1001fps)

       -pal   Generate a PAL-format menu

       -dvd (default)
              Generate a DVD-format menu, with highlighted text included as  a
              multiplexed subtitle stream.


       -svcd  Generate  a  VCD/SVCD  menu; each menu option will have a number
              associated with it. You can have up to  nine  menu  options  per

       Menu background/audio options:

       -background IMAGE
              Use IMAGE (in most any graphic format) as a background. If image
              is not the correct aspect ratio (4:3), it will be scaled  and/or
              cropped,  depending  on  the  -crop  and  -scale  options. If no
              background is supplied, a default background will be created.

       -crop (default)
              If provided background image is not 4:3 aspect ratio, crop edges
              to  make  it  so.  Image  will  be scaled up if it is too small.
              Cropping keeps the center area of  image.  If  you  want  to  do
              cropping/scaling  yourself  in another program, provide an image
              of 768x576 pixels.

       -scale If  provided  background  image  is  not   4:3   aspect   ratio,
              scale/stretch it to make it fit. May cause visible distortion!

       -audio AUDIOFILE
              Use  AUDIOFILE  (in most any audio format) for background music.
              The menu will play for long enough to hear the whole audio clip.
              If one is not provided, 4 seconds of silence will be used.

       -length NUM
              Make the menu NUM seconds long. Useful for menus with -audio: if
              you don't want the entire AUDIOFILE in the menu,  then  you  can
              trim the length of the menu with -length.

       Menu text options:

       -menu-title "MENU TITLE TEXT"
              Add MENU TITLE TEXT as a title/header to the menu.

       -font FONTNAME (default Helvetica)
              Use  FONTNAME for the menu text. Run 'convert -list type' to see
              a list of the fonts that you can use; choose a  font  name  from
              the  leftmost column that is displayed. Or you can specify a ttf
              font file instead.  E.g., '-font /path/to/myfont.ttf'.

       -fontsize NUM (default 24)
              Sets the size for the font to NUM pixels.

       -menu-title-fontsize NUM (default -fontsize + 8)
              Sets the size of the menu title.

       -fontdeco 'FONTDECORATION'
              Sets the font decoration method to FONTDECORATION. It is used by
              the 'convert' ImageMagick command to draw the menu text. You can
              add colored text outlines, gradient fills, and many others.  See
              Usage notes.

       -align {left|center|middle|right}
              Align  the text at the top left, top center, very middle, or top
              right side of the screen. You may also substitute any  "gravity"
              keyword             allowed            by            ImageMagick

       -textcolor {#RRGGBB|#RGB|COLORNAME}
              Use  specified  color  for  menu  text.  #RRGGBB  and  #RGB  are
              hexadecimal  triplets  (e.g.,  #FF8035). COLORNAME may be any of
              several hundred named colors; run 'convert -list color'  to  see
              them.  White (#FFF) is the default color.

       DVD-only options:

       -button BUTTON (default '>')
              Specify  the  button  used  for menu selection. Specify either a
              _single_ character or one of the shortcuts:

              o  play  --  Use  a  button  shaped  like  'Play'  on  many  A/V
                 electronics: a triangle pointing to the right. (uses the font

              o  movie -- Use a button shaped like  an  old  movie  projector.
                 (uses the font Webdings)

              o  utf8  --  Use  your  own  non-keyboard character as a button.
                 Provide only the four hex digits:  eg  '-button  utf8  00b7'.
                 Beware  that ImageMagick's utf8 characters aren't the same as
                 those drawn in character browsers like gucharmap.

       -highlightcolor {#RRGGBB|#RGB|COLORNAME}
              Use the specified color for button highlighting.  Yellow  (#FF0)
              is the default color.

       -selectcolor {#RRGGBB|#RGB|COLORNAME}
              Use  the specified color for button selections (when a menu item
              is played or activated). Red (#F00) is the default color.

       -button-outline {#RRGGBB|#RGB|COLORNAME}
              Outline buttons with the specified color. 'none' is the default.

       -button-font FONTNAME
              Specify  a differnt font to use for the buttons. By default, the
              button font will be inherited from the title font  (see  -font).
              Use  this  option  to  use a different font for the buttons. The
              button font size is  inherited  from  -fontsize  and  cannot  be

       Other options:

       -debug Print  extra  debugging  information  to the log file. Useful in
              diagnosing problems if they occur. This option also  leaves  the
              log file (with a .log extension) in the directory after encoding
              finishes as well as all the temporary files created.

              Do not attempt to put text inside a TV-safe viewing  area.  Most
              television  sets  cut  off about 10% of the image border, so the
              script automatically leaves a substantial  margin.  This  option
              turns that behavior off, leaving only a tiny margin. Use at your
              own risk.

              Overwrite any existing output menu.

       -noask Don't ask interactive questions, and assume  answers  that  will
              continue making the menu until completion.

       -quiet Limit output to essential messages.

       If  the  word  "back" is given as an episode title, a "back" button for
       returning to a higher-level menu will be added at the end of  the  list
       of titles. "Back" must be the last title listed.


       makemenu  -ntsc  -vcd  -align center -textcolor white -font "Helvetica"
       "Episode 1" "Episode 2" "Episode 3" -out "Season-1"
              Make an NTSC VCD menu with white Helvetica text containing three
              centered selections: Episode 1, Episode 2, and  Episode  3.  The
              finished menu will be called Season-1.mpg.

       makemenu  -ntsc  -dvd -align southwest -textcolor white -highlightcolor
       "#5f65ff" -selectcolor "#ffac5f" -font "Kirsty" "Episode 1" "Episode 2"
       "Episode 3" -out "Main_menu"
              Make  an  NTSC  DVD menu with white Kirsty text containing three
              lower-left aligned selections: Episode 1, Episode 2, and Episode
              3.  Items  under the cursor will be highlighted a pale blue, and
              selected items will be  a  pale  orange  (before  going  to  the
              selected title). The finished menu will be called Main-menu.mpg.
              The wiki has many more screenshots of menus  with  the  commands
              that generated them.


       The  argument  given  to  -font  must be one of the fonts listed by the
       command 'convert -list type'. Please note that many of  your  installed
       fonts may not be available; if you want to maximize the number of fonts
       available to makemenu (#makemenu), download and run  Anthony  Thyssen's
       ( script
       and  run  it  like  this: > ~/.magick/type.xml.  If
       that doesn't work, try > ~/.magick/type.mgk.

       Or you can specify a ttf font file directly to the -font options if you
       don't want to install fonts to ImageMagick.

       The -fontdeco option is quite flexible and takes a lot of ImageMagick's
       convert    options.    Please    refer    to     the     tovid     wiki
       (  and Anthony
       Thyssen's guide for further explanation and examples.


       idvid(1),   makedvd(1),   makemenu(1),    makeslides(1),    makevcd(1),
       makexml(1), postproc(1), tovid(1), todisc(1)


       For  further  assistance,  contact  information,  forum  and IRC links,
       please refer to the tovid homepage (

                                                            MAKEMENU MANUAL(1)