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       init - Upstart process management daemon


       init [OPTION]...


       init  is  the  parent of all processes on the system, it is executed by
       the kernel and is responsible for starting all other processes;  it  is
       the  parent  of all processes whose natural parents have died and it is
       responsible for reaping those when they die.

       Processes managed by init are known as jobs and are defined by files in
       the  /etc/init  directory.  See init(5) for more details on configuring

       init(8) is an event-based init daemon.  This means that  jobs  will  be
       automatically  started  and stopped by changes that occur to the system
       state, including as a result of jobs starting and stopping.

       This is different  to  dependency-based  init  daemons  which  start  a
       specified  set of goal jobs, and resolve the order in which they should
       be started and other jobs required by iterating their dependencies.

       For more information on starting and stopping jobs, as well as emitting
       events that will automatically start and stop jobs, see the manual page
       for the initctl(8) tool.

       The primary event is the startup(7) event, emitted when the daemon  has
       finished  loading  its  configuration.   Other  useful  events  are the
       starting(7), started(7), stopping(7) and stopped(7) events  emitted  as
       jobs change state.

   System V compatibility
       The  Upstart  init(8)  daemon  does not keep track of runlevels itself,
       instead they are implemented entirely  by  its  userspace  tools.   The
       event emitted to signify a change of runlevel is the runlevel(7) event.
       For more information see its manual page.


       Options are passed to init(8) by placing them on  the  kernel  command-

              Outputs  verbose  messages  about  job  state  changes and event
              emissions to the system console or  log,  useful  for  debugging


       init  is not normally executed by a user process, and expects to have a
       process id of 1.  If this is not the case,  it  will  actually  execute
       telinit(8)  and  pass  all arguments to that.  See that manual page for
       further details.





       Written by Scott James Remnant <>


       Report bugs at <>


       Copyright (C) 2010 Canonical Ltd.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
       NO  warranty;  not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR


       init(5)  initctl(8)  telinit(8)  runlevel(7)   startup(7)   starting(7)
       started(7) stopping(7) stopped(7)