Man Linux: Main Page and Category List


       fluxbox-keys - keyboard shortcuts configuration for fluxbox(1)




       Variable parameters are shown in emphasis: argument

       Optional parameters are shown in square brackets: [argument]

       All other characters shown are required verbatim. Whitespace is
       required where shown, but it is fine to add more whitespace.


       The keys file defines the keyboard shortcuts for fluxbox(1).

       You can customize fluxbox's key handling through the ~/.fluxbox/keys
       file. The file consists of lines of the basic format:

       [modifiers] key :command [arguments ...]

       The space between the key and the : before the command is mandatory.

       All modifiers and commands are case-insensitive. Some command arguments
       (especially those that will be passed to the shell) are case-sensitive.
       Some key names are case-sensitive.

       Lines beginning with a # or ! are considered comments and are unread by

       You will need to "reload" fluxbox after editing the keys file so it
       picks up your change.


       You can get a list of possible modifiers by calling 'xmodmap -pm'. This
       also shows you to which keys the modifiers are mapped, but the
       following modifiers are most commonly used:

       Shift Control Mod1 Mod4

       where Mod1 is the Alt key on the PC keyboard and Mod4 is usually a key
       branded with a familiar company logo.

       There are also some special modifiers that refer to mouse button events

               The mouse cursor is over the desktop (root window), and not any

               The mouse cursor is over the toolbar (which is normally at the
               bottom of the screen).

               The mouse cursor is over a window.

               The mouse cursor is over a window's titlebar.

               Limits this action to double-clicks only.

   Combining Modifiers
       To combine two or more modifiers, just list them (space-delimited) in
       any order.


       You may specify a key by its key name (for example, a or space) or by
       its numeric keycode (for example, 38 or 0xf3).

       If you don't know the name of a key, you can run xev(1) in a terminal,
       push the key, and see the name in the output. If you have some
       "special" keys that do not produce a key name in the output of xev(1),
       you can just use the keycode (NOT the keysym!) in your keys file.

       Commands can also be bound to mouse events (N denotes the number of the
       button, eg. 1 is the primary button, 4/5 are the wheel buttons):

           The mouse button N is pressed down and holded.

           The mouse button N is clicked (pressed and released with no
           movement in between)

           The mouse button N is currently holded, the binded action is
           triggered as often as the mouse moves.

       There are some special "keys" that let you bind events to non-keyboard

           Fires when the workspace changes. This can be used to change
           backgrounds or do anything else you like when you switch to a new
           workspace. See the EXAMPLES below for one idea.

           Use caution with this event! For example, do NOT bind this to any
           action that changes your current workspace. If you break your
           fluxbox with this feature, you get to keep the pieces.


       Key bindings can be chained in a fashion similar to Emacs key bindings
       using the syntax:

       modifiers-1 key-1 modifiers-2 key-2 :command [arguments ...]*

       To abort a chained command part-way through typing it, press the <ESC>

       Example 1. To Bind CTRL+C CTRL+X (Which means, press CTRL+C then
       CTRL+X) to quit fluxbox

           Control c Control x :Quit


       A specific set of key mappings can be activated and de-activated
       on-the-fly using what are called keymodes. The syntax to define a
       mapping in a keymode is:

       keymode: modifiers key :command [arguments ...]

       Where keymode is any alpha-numeric string name.

       When this keymode is activated (see the KeyMode command below), all
       bindings prefaced by that keymode name become active (and all other
       keybindings will be deactivated) until the keymode changes again.


       Some commands have multiple names which are shown below as
           CMD1 | CMD2

       Related commands have been grouped below as
           CMD1 / CMD2

       The commands are broken up into sections as follows

           o   Mouse Commands

           o   Window Commands

           o   Workspace Commands

           o   Menu Commands

           o   Window Manager Commands

           o   Special Commands

   Mouse Commands
       These commands may only be bound to mouse buttons (plus modifiers), not
       keystrokes. In all cases, the action finishes when the mouse button is

           Start dragging to move the window.

       StartResizing [corner]
           Start dragging to resize the window as if you had grabbed the
           window at the specified corner.

           By default corner is BottomRight, but may be overridden with one

               NearestCorner NearestEdge Center TopLeft Top TopRight Left
               Right BottomLeft Bottom BottomRight

           Start dragging to add this window to another's tabgroup.

   Window Commands
       These commands ordinarily affect only the currently focused window. The
       OnWindow modifier and ForEach command may affect the window that is

       Minimize | MinimizeWindow | Iconify
           Minimize the current window, equivalent to the window button.

       Maximize | MaximizeWindow
           Maximize the current window, equivalent to the window button.

       MaximizeHorizontal / MaximizeVertical
           Maximize the current window in one direction only, leaving the
           other dimension unchanged.  Fullscreen Resize the window's content
           to fit the whole screen, without any window decoration.

       Raise / Lower
           Reorder this window to the top or bottom of the window stack,
           within its current layer. See fluxbox(1) for a discussion of

       RaiseLayer / LowerLayer [offset]
           Raise the window up to the layer above, or lower it to the layer
           below. See fluxbox(1) for a discussion of layers.

       SetLayer layer
           Move the window to the specified layer.  layer should be one of
           AboveDock, Dock, Top, Normal, Bottom, Desktop. See fluxbox(1) for a
           discussion of layers.

           Close the current window, equivalent to the window button.

       Kill | KillWindow
           Close a window that's not responding to Close, like using xkill(1).

       Shade | ShadeWindow
           Toggle the shaded state of the current window, equivalent to the
           window button. A shaded window appears as only the title bar.

       ShadeOn / ShadeOff
           Set the shaded state of the window to On / Off.

       Stick | StickWindow
           Toggle the sticky state of the current window, equivalent to the
           window button. A sticky window is visible on all workspaces.

       SetDecor decor
           Sets which window decorations will be shown.  decor has the same
           format as the '[Deco]' parameter in the apps file. See 'man
           fluxbox' section APPLICATIONS for more info.

           Toggles the presence of the window decorations (title bar, window
           buttons, and resize bar).

       NextTab / PrevTab
           Cycle to the next / previous tab in the current tab group.

       Tab number
           Cycle to the given tab in the current tab group, where 1 is the
           first tab. A negative number counts from the end of the tab group
           (-1 is the last tab, -2 is the next-to-last, etc.).

       MoveTabRight / MoveTabLeft
           Reorder the tabs in the current tab group, swapping the current tab
           with the one to the right / left.

           Remove the current tab from the tab group, placing it in its own

       ResizeTo width height
           Resizes the window to the given width and height.

       Resize delta-width delta-height
           Resizes the window relative to the current width and height.

       ResizeHorizontal delta-width / ResizeVertical delta-height
           Resizes the window in one dimension only

       MoveTo x y [anchor]
           Moves the window to the given coordinates, given in pixels.

           If either x or y is set to \*, that coordinate will be ignored, and
           the movement will only take place in one dimension.

           The default anchor is the upper left corner, but this may be
           overridden with one of:

               TopLeft Left BottomLeft Top Center Bottom TopRight Right

       Move delta-x delta-y
           Moves the window relative to its current position. Positive numbers
           refer to right and down, and negative to left and up, respectively.

       MoveRight d / MoveLeft d / MoveUp d / MoveDown d
           Moves the window relative to its current position by the number of
           pixels specified in d. If the number is negative, it moves in the
           opposite direction.

       TakeToWorkspace workspace / SendToWorkspace workspace
           Sends you along with the current window to the selected workspace.
           SendToWorkspace just sends the window. The first workspace is
           number 1, not 0.

       TakeToNextWorkspace [offset] / TakeToPrevWorkspace [offset]
           Sends you along with the current window to the next or previous
           workspace. If you set offset to a value greater than the default of
           1, it will move you that number of workspaces ahead or behind. If
           you go beyond the end of the currently defined workspaces, it will
           wrap around to the other end automatically.

       SendToNextWorkspace [offset] / SendToPrevWorkspace [offset]
           Identical to the "TakeTo..." commands, but again this sends only
           the window, and does not move you away from your current workspace.

       SetAlpha [alpha [unfocused-alpha]]
           Sets the alpha value of a window.

           Putting a + or - in front of the value adds or subtracts from the
           current value. A plain integer sets the value explicitly.

           no arguments
               Resets both focused and unfocused settings to default opacity.

           one argument
               Changes both focused and unfocused alpha settings.

           two arguments
               First value becomes the focused alpha, second becomes the
               unfocused alpha value.

       SetHead number
           Moves the window to the given display head. Only available when
           fluxbox has been compiled with Xinerama support.

       SendToNextHead [offset] / SendToPrevHead [offset]
           Sends the current window to the next/previous display head. If you
           specify an offset greater than 1, it will move the window that many
           heads. If this takes the window beyond the total number of heads,
           it will wrap around to the beginning.

   Workspace Commands
       These commands affect the entire workspace (or "desktop" as it is
       sometimes called).

       AddWorkspace / RemoveLastWorkspace
           Adds or removes a workspace from the end of the list of workspaces.

       NextWorkspace [n] / PrevWorkspace [n] / RightWorkspace [n] /
       LeftWorkspace [n]
           Switch to the Next / Previous workspace. All versions accept an
           offset value n, which defaults to 1 and refers to the number of
           workspaces to move at one time. {Next,Prev}Workspace wrap around
           when going past the last workspace, whereas {Right,Left}Workspace
           do not.

       Workspace number
           Jumps to the given workspace number. The first workspace is 1.

       NextWindow [{options}] [pattern] / PrevWindow [{options}] [pattern]
           Focuses the next / previous window in the focus list.

           options is one or more of the following, space delimited:

                   Instead of moving in order of most-recent focus, move in
                   order of when the window was opened (or, the order shown in
                   the iconbar).

                   Only include the current tab in windows with multiple tabs.

               If pattern arguments are supplied, only windows that match all
               the patterns are considered - all others are skipped. See the
               section CLIENT PATTERNS below for more information.

               This pair of commands has a special side-effect when the
               keybinding used has a modifier - It will temporarily raise the
               cycled window to the front so you can see it, but if you
               continue holding down the modifier and press the key again (For
               example, keep holding "Alt" while you tap the "Tab" key a few
               times), fluxbox will lower the window again when you move on to
               the next one. This allows you to preview the windows in order,
               but does not change the order in doing so.

       NextGroup [{options}] [pattern] / PrevGroup [{options}] [pattern]
           Equivalent to NextWindow / PrevWindow above, but with the groups
           option forced on.

       GotoWindow number [{options}] [pattern]
           Focuses and activates the window at position number in the focus
           list. The options and pattern arguments have the same meaning as
           NextWindow above.

       Activate [pattern] | Focus [pattern]
           With pattern, this is an alias for GoToWindow 1 pattern. Without,
           this behaves like a window command, so that OnWindow events can
           change the focused window.

       Attach pattern
           Combines all windows that match the pattern into a single tab
           group. See CLIENT PATTERNS for more about the pattern arguments.

       FocusLeft / FocusRight / FocusUp / FocusDown
           Focus to the next window which is located in the direction

       ArrangeWindows pattern
           Tries to arrange all windows on the current workspace so that they
           overlap the least amount possible. See CLIENT PATTERNS for more
           about the pattern arguments.

           Minimizes all windows on the current workspace. If they are already
           all minimized, then it restores them.

       Deiconify mode destination
           Deiconifies windows (or, restores from a minimized state).

           Where mode may be one of:

                   All icons across all workspaces.

                   All icons on the current workspace.

                   The last icon across all workspaces.

               LastWorkspace (default)
                   The last icon on the current workspace.

           And destination may be one of:

               Current (default)
                   Deiconify to the current workspace.

                   Deiconify to the window's original workspace, but does so
                   in the background, without moving you there.

       SetWorkspaceName name / SetWorkspaceNameDialog
           Sets the name of the current workspace.

           Closes all windows on all desktops.

   Menu Commands
       These commands open or close fluxbox popup menus. For more information
       on what these menus contain or how to configure them, see fluxbox(1).

           Opens the root menu. See ROOT MENU in fluxbox-menu(5) for details.

           Opens a menu showing all workspaces and windows. See Workspace Menu
           in fluxbox(1) for details.

           Opens a menu containing actions for the current window. See WINDOW
           MENU in fluxbox-menu(5) for details.

           ClientMenu [pattern]
               Opens a menu that contains all windows. If you specify a
               pattern, only matching windows will be in the menu. Selecting a
               window will jump to that workspace and raise the window. See
               CLIENT PATTERNS below for more details on the pattern argument.

           CustomMenu path
               Opens a custom menu file. This path must be a valid menu file
               in the same format as detailed by the ROOT MENU section of

               Hide all fluxbox popup menus.

   Window Manager Commands
       These commands affect the Window Manager, or more than one window.

       Restart [path]
           Restarts fluxbox. This does not close any running applications. If
           the optional path is a path to an executable window manager, that
           manager is started in place of fluxbox.

       Quit | Exit
           Exits fluxbox. This will normally cause X to stop as well and
           terminate all existing applications, returning you to the login
           manager or console.

       Reconfig | Reconfigure
           Reloads all fluxbox configuration files including the keys file,
           apps file, and init file, if they have changed.

       SetStyle path
           Sets the current style to that given in path, which must be the
           full path to a fluxbox style.

           Reloads only the current style. Useful after editing a style which
           is currently in use.

       ExecCommand args ... | Exec args ... | Execute args ...
           Probably the most-used binding of all. Passes all the arguments to
           your $SHELL (or /bin/sh if $SHELL is not set). You can use this to
           launch applications, run shell scripts, etc. Since all arguments
           are passed verbatim to the shell, you can use environment
           variables, pipes, or anything else the shell can do. Note that
           processes only see environment variables that were set before
           fluxbox started (such as in ~/.fluxbox/startup), or any that are
           set via the Export or SetEnv commands, below. See fluxbox(1) for
           more details on the ENVIRONMENT and \~/.fluxbox/startup file.

           Pops up a dialog box that lets you type in any of these commands

       SetEnv name value | Export name=value
           Sets an environment variable in Fluxbox. It will be passed to any
           applications spawned by any future ExecCommand commands.

       SetResourceValue resourcename resourcevalue | SetResourceValueDialog
           Sets a fluxbox resource value, which are normally stored in the
           init file. See fluxbox(1) for more details on available resources
           and allowed values.

   Special Commands
       These commands have special meanings or behaviors.

       MacroCmd {command1} {command2} {command3} ...
           Allows you to execute more than one command with one keybinding.
           The commands will be executed in series. The { } brackets are
           literally required, as in the following example:

               MacroCmd {MoveTo 0 0} {ResizeTo 1280 800}

       Delay {command} [microseconds]
           Delays running command for the given amount of time. If the same
           key binding is activated again, the timer will be restarted.

       ToggleCmd {command1} {command2} ...
           Alternates between the commands. On the first press of the bound
           key, runs command1. On the next press, runs command2.

       BindKey keybinding
           Adds the given keybinding (which must be a valid key binding as
           defined in the DESCRIPTION section above) to your keys file.

       KeyMode keymode [return-keybinding]
           Activates the named keymode (or, all key binding lines prefaced
           with the same keymode:) and deactivates all others until the
           return-keybinding (by default Escape) is pressed. The default
           keymode is named default.

       ForEach {command} [{condition}] | Map {command} [{condition}]
           Runs the given command (normally one from the Window Commands
           section above) on each window. If you specify a condition (See
           Conditions, below) the action will be limited to matching windows.

       If {condition} {then-command} [{else-command}] | Cond {condition}
       {then-command} [{else-command}]
           If the condition command returns true, then run the then-command,
           otherwise run the optional else-command. See Conditions below for
           more information on the condition argument.

       These special commands are used to match windows conditionally. They
       are commonly used by the If and ForEach command.

       Matches pattern
           Returns true if the current window matches the given pattern. See
           CLIENT PATTERNS below for details on the pattern syntax.

           If your key binding uses the OnWindow modifier, it matches against
           the window you clicked, not the currently focused window.

           To check other windows besides the currently focused one, see the
           Every and Some conditions below.

       Some condition
           Retuns true if any window on any workspace (not just the currently
           focused one) matches the condition.

       Every condition
           Retuns true if every window on every workspace (not just the
           current one) matches the condition.

       Not condition
           Returns true if condition returns false, and vice-versa.

       And {condition1} {condition2} [{condition3} ...]
           Returns true if and only if all given conditions return true.

       Or {condition1} {condition2} [{condition3} ...]
           Returns true if any of the listed conditions return true.

       Xor {condition1} {condition2} [{condition3} ...]
           Returns the boolean xor of the truth values for all conditions


       Many of the more advanced commands take a pattern argument, which
       allows you to direct the action at a specific window or set of windows
       which match the properties specified in the pattern.

       A pattern looks like this

           ([propertyname[!]=]regexp) ...

       Match definitions are enclosed in parentheses (...), and if no
       propertyname is given then Name is assumed. The regexp can contain any
       regular expression, or the special value [current], which matches the
       corresponding value of the currently focused window. See regex(7) for
       more information on acceptable regular expressions.

       propertyname is not case sensitive, whereas the regexp is.

       If you specify multiple (pattern) arguments, this implies an AND
       condition - All specified patterns must match.

       You can use = to test for equality or != to test for inequality.

       The following values are accepted for propertyname

               A string, corresponding to the CLASSNAME property (The first
               field of WM_CLASS from the output of the xprop(1) utility).

               A string, corresponding to the CLASSCLASS property (The second
               field of WM_CLASS from the output of the xprop(1) utility).

               A string, corresponding to the window title (WM_NAME from

               A string, corresponding to the ROLE property (WM_WINDOW_ROLE
               from xprop(1)).

               Either yes or no, depending on whether the window is transient
               (typically, a popup dialog) or not.

               Either yes or no, depending on whether the window is maximized
               or not.

               Either yes or no, depending on whether the window is minimized
               (iconified) or not.

               Either yes or no, depending on whether the window is shaded or

               Either yes or no, depending on whether the window is sticky (on
               all workspaces) or not.

               Either yes or no, depending on whether the window has asked to
               be left off the focus list (or, the alt-tab list), or not.

               Either yes or no, depending on whether the window has asked to
               be left off the icon list (or, the taskbar), or not.

               Either yes or no, depending on whether the window has the
               urgent hint set.

               A number corresponding to the workspace number to which the
               window is attached. The first workspace here is 0. You may also
               use [current] to match the currently visible workspace.

               A string corresponding to the name of the workspace to which
               the window is attached.

               The number of the display head to which the window is attached.
               You may match this against the special value [mouse] which
               refers to the head where the mouse pointer currently resides.

               The string name of the window's layer, which is one of
               AboveDock, Dock, Top, Normal, Bottom, Desktop

       Example 2. Matches any windows with the CLASSNAME of "xterm"


       Example 3. Matches any windows with the same CLASSNAME as the currently
       focused window


       Example 4. Matches any windows on the same head as the mouse but on a
       different layer than the currently focused window

           (Head=[mouse]) (Layer!=[current])


           This is the default location for the keybinding definitions.

           X key names are in this file.

           X key names are also in this file.


       session.keyFile: location
           This may be set to override the location of the keybinding


       Remember that ExecCommand command can take advantage of other
       environment variables if they are set before fluxbox is started, or via
       the Export or SetEnv commands. For example, if $TERM is set, it could
       be use like this:

           Mod1 x :ExecCommand $TERM

       For more information about environment variables, see your shell's


       Here are some interesting and/or useful examples you can do with your
       keys file.

           # Mod4+drag moves a window
           OnWindow Mod4 Mouse1 :StartMoving

           # If any xterm windows are open, cycle through them. If none are open, open
           # one:
           Mod4 t :If {Some Matches (xterm)} {NextWindow (xterm)} {Exec xterm}

           # Set a different wallpaper on every workspace:
           ChangeWorkspace :Exec fbsetbg ~/.fluxbox/bg$(xprop -root _NET_CURRENT_DESKTOP | awk '{print $3}').png


       o   Jim Ramsay < at jimramsay com> (>fluxbox-1.0.0)

       o   Curt Micol <asenchi at asenchi com> (>fluxbox-0.9.11)

       o   Tobias Klausmann <klausman at users sourceforge net>

       o   Grubert <grubert at users sourceforge net> (fluxbox)

       o   Matthew Hawkins <matt at mh dropbear id au> (blackbox)

       o   Wilbert Berendsen <wbsoft at xs4all nl> (blackbox)


       fluxbox(1) xprop(1) xev(1) xkill(1) regex(7)