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       innxbatch - send xbatched Usenet articles to a remote NNTP server


       innxbatch [ -D ] [ -t timeout ] [ -T timeout ] [ -v ] host file ...


       Innxbatch  connects  to the NNTP server at the specified host and sends
       it the specified xbatch files, using the XBATCH extension to  the  NNTP
       protocol.  It  is  normally invoked by a script run out of cron(8) that
       uses shlock(1) to lock the host name, followed by a ctlinnd(8)  command
       to flush the batchfile.

       Each file is removed after it has been successfully transferred.

       If  a  communication error such as a write(2) failure, or an unexpected
       reply from the remote server occurs, innxbatch will  stop  sending  and
       leave all remaining files untouched for later retry.


       -t seconds
              Innxbatch  normally  blocks  until  the  connection is made.  To
              specify a timeout on how long to try to make the connection, use
              the ‘‘-t’’ flag.

       -T seconds
              To  specify  the total amount of time that should be allowed for
              article transfers, use the ‘‘-T’’ flag.
              The default is to wait until an I/O error  occurs,  or  all  the
              articles  have been transferred. If the ‘‘-T’’ flag is used, the
              time is checked just before each article is started; it will not
              abort a transfer that is in progress.

       -v     Upon  exit,  innxbatch reports transfer and CPU usage statistics
              via syslog(3).  If the ‘‘-v’’ flag is used, they  will  also  be
              printed on the standard output.

       -D     Use  the  ‘‘-D’’ flag to print debugging information on standard
              error.   This  will  show  the  protocol  transactions   between
              innxbatch and the NNTP server on the remote host.


       A sample newsfeeds(5) entry to produce appropriate xbatch files (thanks
       to Karsten Leipold <>):

           :<pathbin in inn.conf>/batcher \
              -p "(<$ac_cv_path_COMPRESS in config.cache> >\
              <pathoutgoing in inn.conf>/nase.\$\$)" \

       A sample script to invoke innxbatch(8) is:

         ##  SH script to send xbatches for a site, wrapped around innxbatch
         ##  Invocation:
         ## <sitename> <hostname> <xbatch file name> ...

         if [ $# -le 3 ]
            echo "usage: $0 <sitename> <hostname> <xbatch file name>"
            exit 1

         . <pathbin in inn.conf>/innshellvars

         site="$1"; host="$2"; shift; shift

         ctlinnd flush "$site" \
         && sleep 5 \
         && exec $NEWSBIN/innxbatch -v -D "$host" $*


       Written  by  Stefan  Petri  <>,   modelled   after
       innxmit(8)  and the XBATCH patch for the nntp reference implementation.


       ctlinnd(8),    inn.conf(5),    innd(8),    innxmit(8),    newsfeeds(5),
       nntpsend(8), shlock(1).