innxmit - Send Usenet articles to a remote NNTP server
innxmit [-acdHlprsv] [-P portnum] [-T seconds] [-t seconds] host file
innxmit connects to the NNTP server at the specified host (validating
itself via passwd.nntp if possible) and sends it the articles specified
in the batch file named file. It is normally invoked by a script run
out of cron(8) that uses shlock to lock the host name, followed by a
ctlinnd command to flush the batch file. If file is not an absolute
path name, it is taken relative to the directory specified by the
pathoutgoing parameter in inn.conf. It is normally written by
specifying the "Wnm" flags in the newsfeeds file. Each line in the
batch file should be in one of the following formats:
The first field is either the storage API token of an article or the
name of a file holding an article. If it is not an absolute pathname
or a storage API token, it is taken to be a file name relative to
patharticles in inn.conf. If the second field is not specified, the
message-ID will be obtained by scanning the article. The two fields,
if present, are separated by a space. If a communication error such as
a write(2) failure occurs, innxmit will stop sending and rewrite the
batch file to contain the current article and any other unsent
-a If all articles were sent successfully, innxmit will remove the
batch file; otherwise it will rewrite it to contain the list of
unsent articles. If no articles were sent or rejected, the file is
left untouched. This can cause the batch file to grow excessively
large if many articles have been expired and there are
communication problems. To always rewrite the batch file, use the
-c In streaming mode, a check of each message-ID is still made to
avoid sending articles already on the server. The -c flag will, if
streaming mode is supported, result in sending articles without
checking. This results in slightly greater throughput and may be
appropriate when it is known that the site could not already have
the articles such as in the case of a "leaf" site.
-d Use the -d flag to print debugging information on standard error.
This will show the protocol transactions between innxmit and the
NNTP server on the remote host.
-H If the -H flag is given, then only headers are sent to host for all
articles except control messages. And the Bytes: header is also
included even if it does not exist in the original article. The -H
flag is useful for Diablo reader.
-l The -l flag is used to turn on logging of reasons the remote gives
for rejecting an article.
To specify a port number other than the default, use the -P flag.
-p If the -p flag is given, then no connection is made and the
batchfile is purged of entries that refer to files that no longer
exist. This implies the -a flag.
-r If the remote server sends an unexpected reply code, innxmit will
requeue the article and proceed. Use the -r flag if the article
should not be requeued.
-s innxmit will attempt to negotiate a streaming mode extension of the
NNTP protocol with the server at connect time. If successful, it
will use a slightly different protocol that enhances throughput.
If the server does not recognize the streaming mode negotiation,
innxmit will revert to normal NNTP transfer mode. Use the -s flag
to disable the attempt to negotiate the streaming mode extension.
To specify the total amount of time that should be allowed for
article transfers, use the -T flag. The default is to wait until
an I/O error occurs, or all the articles have been transferred. If
the -T flag is used, the time is checked just before each article
is started; it will not abort a transfer that is in progress.
innxmit normally blocks until the connection is made. To specify a
timeout on how long to try to make the connection, use the -t
-v Upon exit, innxmit reports transfer and CPU usage statistics via
syslog. If the -v flag is used, they will also be printed on the
Written by Rich $alz <email@example.com> for InterNetNews. Converted
to POD by Julien Elie.
$Id: innxmit.pod 8796 2009-11-15 09:28:39Z iulius $
ctlinnd(8), inn.conf(5), innd(8), newsfeeds(5), passwd.nntp(5),