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       yaz-ztest - Z39.50 Test Server


       application [-install] [-installa] [-remove] [-a file] [-v level]
                   [-l file] [-u uid] [-c config] [-f vconfig] [-C fname]
                   [-t minutes] [-k kilobytes] [-d daemon] [-w dir]
                   [-p pidfile] [-r kilobytes] [-ziDST1] [listener-spec...]


       yaz-ztest is a Z39.50 test server that uses the YAZ generic frontend
       server API. The server acts as a real Z39.50 server but does not use a
       database. It returns a random hit count and returns a subset of a few
       built-in records.

       The listener-spec consists of a transport mode followed by a colon,
       followed by a listener address. The transport mode is either tcp, unix,
       or ssl.

       For TCP and SSL, an address has the form:

               hostname | IP-number [ : portnumber ]

       For UNIX local socket the address is the filename of the local socket.


       -a file
           Specify a file for dumping PDUs (for diagnostic purposes). The
           special name - (dash) sends output to stderr.

           Don't fork or make threads on connection requests. This is good for
           debugging, but not recommended for real operation: Although the
           server is asynchronous and non-blocking, it can be nice to keep a
           software malfunction (okay then, a crash) from affecting all
           current users.

           Like -S but after one session the server exits. This mode is for
           debugging only.

           Operate the server in threaded mode. The server creates a thread
           for each connection rather than a fork a process. Only available on
           UNIX systems that offers POSIX threads.

           Use the SR protocol (obsolete).

           Use the Z39.50 protocol (default). This option and -s complement
           each other. You can use both multiple times on the same command
           line, between listener-specifications (see below). This way, you
           can set up the server to listen for connections in both protocols
           concurrently, on different local ports.

       -l file
           The logfile.

       -c config
           A user option that serves as a specifier for some sort of
           configuration, usually a filename. The argument to this option is
           transferred to member configname of the statserv_options_block.

       -f vconfig
           This specifies an XML file that describes one or more YAZ frontend
           virtual servers.

       -C fname
           Sets SSL certificate file name for server (PEM).

       -v level
           The log level. Use a comma-separated list of members of the set

       -u uid
           Set user ID. Sets the real UID of the server process to that of the
           given user. It's useful if you aren't comfortable with having the
           server run as root, but you need to start it as such to bind a
           privileged port.

       -w dir
           The server changes to this directory during before listening on
           incoming connections. This option is useful when the server is
           operating from the inetd daemon (see -i).

       -p pidfile
           Specifies that the server should write its Process ID to file given
           by pidfile. A typical location would be /var/run/

           Use this to make the the server run from the inetd server (UNIX

           Use this to make the server put itself in the background and run as
           a daemon. If neither -i nor -D is given, the server starts in the

           Use this to install the server as an NT service (Windows NT/2000/XP
           only). Control the server by going to the Services in the Control

           Use this to install and activate the server as an NT service
           (Windows NT/2000/XP only). Control the server by going to the
           Services in the Control Panel.

           Use this to remove the server from the NT services (Windows
           NT/2000/XP only).

       -t minutes
           Idle session timeout, in minutes.

       -k size
           Maximum record size/message size, in kilobytes.

       -r size
           Maximum size of log file before rotation occurs, in kilobytes.
           Default size is 1048576 k (=1 GB).

       -d daemon
           Set name of daemon to be used in hosts access file. See
           hosts_access(5) and tcpd(8).

       -m time-format
           Sets the format of time-stamps in the log-file. Specify a string in
           the input format to strftime().


       yaz-ztest normally returns a random hit count between 0 and 24.
       However, if a query term includes leading digits, then the integer
       value of that term is used as hit count. This allows testers to return
       any number of hits.  yaz-ztest includes 24 MARC records for testing.
       Hit counts exceeding 24 will make yaz-ztest return the same record
       batch over and over.. So record at position 1, 25, 49, etc .. are

       The following databases are honored by yaz-ztest: Default, slow and
       db.*  (all databases with prefix "db"). Any other database will make
       yaz-ztest return diagnostic 109: "Database unavailable".

       Options for search may be included in the form or URL get arguments
       included as part of the Z39.50 database name. The following database
       options are present: search-delay, present-delay, fetch-delay and seed.

       The former, delay type options, specify a fake delay (sleep) that
       yaz-ztest will perform when searching, presenting, fetching records
       respectively. The value of the delay may either be a fixed floating
       point value which specifies the delay in seconds. Alternatively the
       value may be given as two floating point numbers separated by colon,
       which wil make yaz-ztest perform a random sleep between the first and
       second number.

       The database parameter seed takes an integer as value. This will call
       srand with this integer to ensure that the random behavior can be

       Suppose we want searches to take between 0.1 and 0.5 seconds and a
       fetch to take 0.2 second. To access test database Default we'd use:


       The Virtual hosts mechanism allows a YAZ frontend server to support
       multiple backends. A backend is selected on the basis of the TCP/IP
       binding (port+listening adddress) and/or the virtual host.

       A backend can be configured to execute in a particular working
       directory. Or the YAZ frontend may perform CQL to RPN conversion, thus
       allowing traditional Z39.50 backends to be offered as a SRW/SRU
       service. SRW/SRU Explain information for a particular backend may also
       be specified.

       For the HTTP protocol, the virtual host is specified in the Host
       header. For the Z39.50 protocol, the virtual host is specified as in
       the Initialize Request in the OtherInfo, OID

           Not all Z39.50 clients allows the VHOST information to be set. For
           those the selection of the backend must rely on the TCP/IP
           information alone (port and address).

       The YAZ frontend server uses XML to describe the backend
       configurations. Command-line option -f specifies filename of the XML

       The configuration uses the root element yazgfs. This element includes a
       list of listen elements, followed by one or more server elements.

       The listen describes listener (transport end point), such as TCP/IP,
       Unix file socket or SSL server. Content for a listener:

       CDATA (required)
           The CDATA for the listen element holds the listener string, such as
           tcp:@:210, tcp:server1:2100, etc.

       attribute id (optional)
           identifier for this listener. This may be referred to from server

           We expect more information to be added for the listen section in a
           future version, such as CERT file for SSL servers.

       The server describes a server and the parameters for this server type.
       Content for a server:

       attribute id (optional)
           Identifier for this server. Currently not used for anything, but it
           might be for logging purposes.

       attribute listenref (optional)
           Specifies listener for this server. If this attribute is not given,
           the server is accessible from all listener. In order for the server
           to be used for real, howeever, the virtual host must match (if
           specified in the configuration).

       element config (optional)
           Specifies the server configuration. This is equivalent to the
           config specified using command line option -c.

       element directory (optional)
           Specifies a working directory for this backend server. If specifid,
           the YAZ fronend changes current working directory to this directory
           whenever a backend of this type is started (backend handler
           bend_start), stopped (backend handler hand_stop) and initialized

       element host (optional)
           Specifies the virtual host for this server. If this is specified a
           client must specify this host string in order to use this backend.

       element cql2rpn (optional)
           Specifies a filename that includes CQL to RPN conversion for this
           backend server. See ???  If given, the backend server will only
           "see" a Type-1/RPN query.

       element ccl2rpn (optional)
           Specifies a filename that includes CCL to RPN conversion for this
           backend server. See ???  If given, the backend server will only
           "see" a Type-1/RPN query.

       element stylesheet (optional)
           Specifies the stylesheet reference to be part of SRU HTTP responses
           when the client does not specify one. If neither this is given, nor
           the client specifies one, no stylesheet reference is part of the
           SRU HTTP response.

       element docpath (optional)
           Specifies a path for local file access using HTTP. All URLs with a
           leading prefix (/ exluded) that matches the value of docpath are
           used for file access. For example, if the server is to offer access
           in directory xsl, the docpath would be xsl and all URLs of the form
           http://host/exl will result in a local file access.

       element explain (optional)
           Specifies SRW/SRU ZeeRex content for this server. Copied verbatim
           to the client. As things are now, some of the Explain content seeem
           redundant because host information, etc. is also stored elsewhere.

       element maximumrecordsize (optional)
           Specifies maximum record size/message size, in bytes. This value
           also servers as maximum size of incoming packages (for Record
           Updates etc). It's the same value as that given by the -k option.

       element retrievalinfo (optional)
           Enables the retrieval facility supporting conversions and
           specifications of record formats/types. See ???  for more

       The XML below configures a server that accepts connections from two
       ports, TCP/IP port 9900 and a local UNIX file socket. We name the
       TCP/IP server public and the other server internal.

             <listen id="public">tcp:@:9900</listen>
             <listen id="internal">unix:/var/tmp/socket</listen>
             <server id="server1">
             <server id="server2">
               <explain xmlns="">
             <server id="server3" listenref="internal">

       There are three configured backend servers. The first two servers,
       "server1" and "server2", can be reached by both listener addresses -
       since no listenref attribute is specified. In order to distinguish
       between the two a virtual host has been specified for each of server in
       the host elements.

       For "server2" elements for CQL to RPN conversion is supported and
       explain information has been added (a short one here to keep the
       example small).

       The third server, "server3" can only be reached via listener





       yaz(7) yaz-log(7)