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       mondoarchive - a backup / disaster-recovery tool.


       mondoarchive -O [ options ] : backup your PC
       mondoarchive -V [ options ] : verify your backup


       mondoarchive  backs  up a subset of your files, your entire filesystem,
       or even images of non-Linux filesystems to CD’s, tape, ISO images or an
       NFS  mount. In the event of catastrophic data loss, you will be able to
       restore everything, taking a PC from bare metal to its  original  state
       if necessary.

       With  -O,  it  backs  up your filesystem to CD, tape, ISO images or NFS
       share. Boot media or a special boot CD will be created to allow you  to
       restore from bare metal if necessary.

       With  -V,  it  verifies  the  backup  against the live filesystem. This
       option may be used in combination with -O to verify a backup after  its
       creation, or on its own to see how much the live filesystem has changed
       since the backup was made.

       Call mondoarchive without flags to make it auto-detect as many settings
       as  possible, ask you politely for the rest, and then backup and verify
       your OS or a subset thereof.

       To restore data, either run mondorestore from the command line or  boot
       from  the  emergency  media  generated  during  the backup process. The
       latter will come in handy if a gremlin wipes your hard disk.


       You must specify one of the following:-

       -c speed     Use CD-R drive as backup device and its (write-once) disks
                    as backup media.

       -w speed     Use  CD-RW  drive as backup device and its (write/rewrite)
                    disks as backup  media.   Mondo  will  wipe  media  before
                    writing to them.

       -r           Use  DVD  drive  as  backup device and its disks as backup
                    media. Growisofs decides on the best speed for your drive.
                    Note  that calling mondoarchive using sudo when writing to
                    DVDs will fail because growisofs does not support  this  -
                    see the growisofs manpage for details.

       -C speed     Use  CD-R  drive as a streaming device, almost like a tape
                    streamer.  Use   write-once   disks   as   backup   media.

       -p prefix    Use  prefix  to  generate the name of your ISO images.  By
                    default,  mondoarchive  names  images   mondorescue-1.iso,
                    mondorescue-2.iso,  ...   Using  -p machine will name your
                    images machine-1.iso, machine-2.iso, ...

       -i           Use ISO files (CD images) as backup media.  This  is  good
                    for  backing  up your system to a spare hard drive. The -n
                    switch is a wiser choice if you plan  to  restore  from  a
                    remote filesystem.

       -n mount     Use  files  residing  on  NFS  partition  as backup media.
                    mount     is     the     remote     mount-point,      e.g.
                    ’’  for  my file server. Please mount
                    it before backing up/verifying.

       -t           Use tape streamer as backup device and its tapes as backup

       -U           Use a generic USB device as backup device. Use this if you
                    want to write your backup to a USB key or USB disk,  which
                    will  be make bootable.  The USB device should be attached
                    to the system ir order for this to  work  and  its  device
                    name  passed  to  the -d option.  WARNING: All the data on
                    the related device will be removed.

       -u           Use a generic streaming device as backup device. Use  this
                    if  you  want to write your backup to a device that is not
                    directly support by mondoarchive. This will send the  data
                    directly to a raw device.  For experienced users only.


       -D           Make  a  differential  backup:  examine the filesystem and
                    find which files have changed since the last  full  backup
                    was carried out. Backup only those files.

       -E path ...
                    Exclude path(s) from backup. The paths should be separated
                    with a whitespace.  Note that mondo automatically excludes
                    removable  media  (/mnt/floppy,  /mnt/cdrom,  /proc, /sys,
                    /tmp). For example, if you are backing up to an NFS  mount
                    but  you  do not want to include the contents of the mount
                    in a backup, exclude  your  local  mount-point  with  this
                    switch. It will also work with partitions, e.g.  /dev/sdd4
                    if you have a peculiar SCSI zip  drive  which  insists  on
                    showing  up in the mountlist. NB: If you exclude /dev/sdd4
                    then the /dev entry itself will still be backed  up,  even
                    though  the  mountlist entry will be suppressed.  N.B.: If
                    you specify a directory with a final / its content will be
                    archived  so  it  won’t  do what you expect.  You may also
                    specify full  disk  device  to  this  option  as  with  -E
                    “/dev/sda /dev/cciss/c0d0”

       -I path ...
                    Include paths(s) in backup. The default backup path is “/”
                    but you may specify alternatives, e.g. -I “/home /etc”  to
                    override  that.   You may also specify full disk device to
                    this option as with -I “/dev/sda /dev/cciss/c0d0”

       -J file      Specify an explicit  list  of  files  and  directories  to
                    include in a plain text file, one item (file or directory)
                    per line. Beware that directories placed in that file  are
                    not  managed recursively contrary to what is done with the
                    -I option.

       -N           Exclude all mounted network  filesystems.  This  currently
                    means NFS, SMB, Coda, MVFS, AFS OCFS and Netware. In other
                    words, only backup the local hard disk(s).

       -d dev|dir   Specify  the  backup  device  (CD/tape/USB)  or  directory
                    (NFS/ISO). For CD-R[W] drives, this is the SCSI node where
                    the drive may be found, e.g. ’0,1,0’. For tape users, this
                    is the tape streamers /dev entry, e.g. ’/dev/st0’. For USB
                    users, this is the device name of  your  key  or  external
                    disk.  For  ISO users, this is the directory where the ISO
                    images are stored. For NFS users, this  is  the  directory
                    within  the  NFS  mount  where the backups are stored. The
                    default for ISO and NFS is ’/var/cache/mondo’.

       -g           GUI mode.  Without  this  switch,  the  screen  output  of
                    mondoarchive  is  suitable  for  processing by an ’expect’
                    wrapper, enabling the user to backup nightly  via  a  cron
                    job.  However,  if  you  want  to run this program with an
                    attractive but non-cron-friendly interface then use  ’-g’.

       -k path      Path  of user’s kernel. If you are a Debian or Gentoo user
                    then specify -k FAILSAFE as your  kernel.  Otherwise,  you
                    will rarely need this option.

       -m           Manual  (not  self-retracting) CD trays are often found on
                    laptops. If you are a laptop  user,  your  CD  burner  has
                    BurnProof technology or you experience problems with mondo
                    then please call mondoarchive with this switch.

       -o           Use OBDR (One Button Disaster Recovery) type of tapes.  By
                    default, tapes are not bootable. With this flag, tape will
                    be made bootable following the OBDR format.

       -s size      How much can each of your backup media hold? You  may  use
                    ’m’  and  ’g’ on the end of the number, e.g. ’700m’ for an
                    extra-large CD-R. You no longer need to specify  the  size
                    of your cartridges if you are backing up to tape.

       -x dev ... Specify  non-Linux  partitions  which  you want to backup,
                    e.g. NTFS or BeOS.


       -[0-9]       Specify  the  compression  level.   Default   is   3.   No
                    compression is 0.

       -A command   This  command will be called after each CD/NFS/ISO file is
                    written. It is useful if you want to do something with  an
                    ISO  after creating it, e.g. write it to a CD burner using
                    a non-standard command.  -A understands two tokens - _ISO_
                    and  _CD#_  -  which  will  be  translated  into the ISO’s
                    filename and its index number (1,  2,  ...)  respectively.
                    So,  you  could  use  -A foobackup _ISO_; rm -f _ISO_ to
                    feed each ISO to some magical new backup tool.

       -B command   This command will be called before each CD/NFS/ISO file is
                    written. See -A for more information.

       -H           When  you  boot  from the tape/CD, your hard drive will be
                    wiped and the archives will be restored. Your decision  to
                    boot from the tape/CD will be taken as consent. No further
                    permission will be sought.  Use with caution.

       -L           Use lzo, a fast compression engine, instead of bzip2.  You
                    may find lzo on Mondo’s website or via FreshMeat. WARNING!
                    Some versions of LZO are unstable.

       -G           Use gzip,  the  standard  and  quicker  Linux  compression
                    engine, instead of bzip2.

       -R           EXPERIMENTAL. Do not use in mission-critical environments.
                    Star is an alternative to afio. Mondo now  supports  POSIX
                    ACLs   and  extended  attributes,  so  -R  is  essentially
                    redundant for now.

       -P tarball   Post-nuke  tarball.  If  you  boot  into  Nuke  Mode   and
                    everything  is  restored  successfully  then the post-nuke
                    script will be sought  and  executed  if  found.  This  is
                    useful  for post-restore customization. It is assumed that
                    the tarball (.tar.gz format) will  contain  not  just  the
                    post-nuke  script  (or binary, or whatever it is) but also
                    any files it requires.

       -S path      Specify the full pathname of the scratchdir, the directory
                    where  ISO  images are built before being archived. If you
                    have plenty of RAM and want to use a ramdisk  for  scratch
                    space, specify its path here.

       -T path      Specify  the  full  pathname of the tempdir, the directory
                    where  temporary  files  (other  than  ISO  images   being
                    assembled) are stored. See -S

       -W           Don’t  make your backup self-booting. This is a really bad
                    idea, IMO. Don’t do this unless you have really great boot
                    disks in your hand and you are an anally retentive SOB who
                    can’t wait 2 minutes for Mindi to run in  the  background.
                    If  you use -W then you’d better know what the hell you’re
                    doing, okay?

       -b           Specify the internal block size used by  the  tape  drive.
                    This  is usually 32K but some drives just don’t like that.
                    They should but they don’t. That’s what happens when  tape
                    drive vendors don’t talk to kernel driver writers. Try 512
                    or 16384.

       -e           Don’t eject the CD or tape when backing up...

       -f device    Specify the drive on which your Master Boot Record  lives.
                    Usually, this is discovered automatically.

                    Specify  the  boot  loader.  By  default, your Master Boot
                    Record is examined and the  boot  loader  can  usually  be
                    discovered. If you specify RAW then the MBR will be backed
                    up and restored byte-for-byte without any analysis. It  is
                    likely  that you will also need to specify the boot device
                    with -f <dev>. ELILO is mandatory for IA64 machines.

       -Q           Give more detailed information about the boot loader.

       -K loglevel  Specify the loglevel. Use  99  for  full  debug.  Standard
                    debug level is 4.

       -z           Use  extended  attributes  and acl for each file and store
                    them in the backup media.  Use  this  option  if  you  use
                    SElinux e.g. but it will slow down backup and restore time
                    of course.


       Mondo  generates  one  additional,  and   extremely   important   file:
       /var/log/mondoarchive.log.  When seeking technical support, attach this
       file to your email.


       /var/log/mondoarchive.log  This  log  contains  important   information
       required  to  analyse  mondoarchive problem reports. Did I already said
       that it’s highly recommended to send this file with support  questions.


       A  link to Mondo’s HTML-based manual (by Bruno Cornec, Mikael Hultgren,
       Cafeole, Randy Delphs, Stan Benoit, and Hugo Rabson) may  be  found  at - or in /usr/share/doc/mondo-x.xx
       on your hard drive.


       It is recommend that your system has more than 64 MB ram.  SCSI  device
       order  change  with nuke can have unexpected results. It is recommended
       you use expert mode with drastic hardware reconfigurations.


       ISO: Backup to a directory;  note  that  /mnt/foo’s  contents  will  be
       backed up except for its ISO’s unless you exclude it, as follows:-
       mondoarchive    -Oi    -d   /mnt/foo   -E   /mnt/foo   /mnt/foo2   -p
       `hostname`-`date +%Y-%m-%d`

       Backup  to  ISO’s  non-interactively,  e.g.  as  a   job   running   in
       mkdir  -p  /bkp/`date  +%A`;  mondoarchive -Oi -9 -d /bkp/`date +%A` -E

       DVD: Backup PC using DVD Media:
       mondoarchive -OVr -d /dev/scd0 -gF -s 4480m

       TAPE:  Backup  to  tape,  using  lzo  compression  (WARNING  -  can  be
       mondoarchive -Ot -d /dev/st0 -L

       Verify existing tape backup which was made with lzo compression:-
       mondoarchive -Vt -d /dev/st0 -L -g

       Backup to tape, using max compression:
       mondoarchive -Ot -9 -d /dev/st0

       CD-R: Backup to 700MB CD-R disks using a 16x CD burner:
       mondoarchive -Oc 16 -s 700m -g

       Verify existing CD-R or CD-RW backup (works for either):-
       mondoarchive -Vc 16

       CD-RW: Backup to 650MB CD-RW disks using a 4x CD ReWriter:
       mondoarchive -Ow 4

       Backup  just your /home and /etc directory to 650MB CD-RW disks using a
       4x CD ReWriter:
       mondoarchive -Ow 4 -I /home /etc

       NFS: Backup to an NFS mount:
       mondoarchive -On -d /Monday -E /mnt/nfs

       Verify existing NFS backup:-
       mondoarchive -Vn -d /Monday

       USB: Backup to your USB key, using gzip compression:
       mondoarchive -OU -d /dev/sda -G

       RAID: Backup PC to a Software Raid mount point, iso size 700mb:
       mondoarchive -O -s 700m -d /mnt/raid


       afio(1), bzip2(1), find(1), mindi(8), mondorestore(8).


       Bruno Cornec (lead-development)
       Andree Leidenfrost (co-developer)


       Hugo Rabson (original author)
       Jesse Keating (original RPM packager)
       Stan Benoit (testing)
       Mikael Hultgren (docs)
       See mailing list at for technical support.