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       workmanrc, workmandb - database and preferences files for workman


       $HOME/.workmanrc or value of WORKMANRC variable

       $HOME/.workmandb or value(s) of WORKMANDB variable


       The  .workmandb  file  stores  information  about compact discs.  It is
       generated by workman(1) based  on  user  input.   Its  companion  file,
       .workmanrc,   stores   the   general  user  preferences  and  the  user
       preferences  for each disc.  The distinction between the  two  is  that
       .workmandb  contains  only  the  hard  information about a CD (the disc
       name, artist, track titles, etc.) and is  often  shared  among  several
       users.   .workmanrc,  on  the  other  hand,  contains settings like the
       user’s email address sent to the CDDB server, the  default  volumes  of
       particular  tracks,  the numbers of tracks to be avoided, and so forth.
       Each user generally maintains a private .workmanrc, even  if  a  shared
       .workmandb is being used.

       Though workman(1) stores different information in each file, both files
       have an identical format; most of this manual page will not distinguish
       between the two.  Each line of the file is of the form

       [s-]keyword    [optional whitespace-separated arguments]

       Empty lines are ignored.  Lines starting with unrecognized keywords are
       retained and written back out verbatim when the database is saved.  The
       program  preserves  the  ordering  of  unrecognized  lines,  and  their
       positions relative to the track information.  This allows the  database
       to be extended to hold any sort of information desired by the user.

       Keywords  that  begin  with  "s-" apply to sections rather than tracks.
       See the sections keyword below.  A CD entry  with  "s-"  keywords  must
       have   a   sections  keyword  as  well.   This  is  done  for  backward
       compatibility and will disappear  eventually,  and  in  any  case  only
       applies  to  keywords found in .workmandb (the assumption is that users
       won’t downgrade the versions they run, so .workmanrc doesn’t need to be

       Some  keywords are delimiters that modify the meanings of keywords that
       follow; others are position-independent and may occur anywhere  in  the
       file.   (In  general,  the  position-independent keywords are concerned
       with settings for the tool as a whole, rather  than  for  a  particular

       The  keywords,  and their arguments, follow.  All numeric arguments are
       in decimal unless otherwise specified.

   Initial Keywords
       These keywords must appear before the first CD’s entry,  and  represent
       global settings for the tool.  They are usually found in .workmanrc.

       whendone eject | stop | repeat
              Select  the  default  action  taken  by  workman(1) when a CD is
              finished playing.  The default is stop.

              If specified, workman(1) will play unknown CDs (those not listed
              in .workmanrc) when they’re inserted.

       cddbprotocol cddbp | http | proxy
              Protocol  to  be  used for CDDB requests.  workman(1) can either
              use the CDDBP or the HTTP protocol. PROXY denotes the use  of  a
              proxy  server  for  CDDBP  requests.  If this keyword is not set
              workman(1) does not use CDDB support.

       cddbserver host[:port]
              name of the CDDB server to be  used,  e.g.   If
              port is not provided we use port 888 for CDDBP requests and port
              80 for HTTP requests.

       cddbmailaddress email-address
              This is the user’s email address that will be sent to  the  CDDB
              server.  It must be given in the form user@host. If this address
              is not provided an identification based on the  login  name  and
              the hostname will be sent.

       cddbpathtocgi path
              If  the  HTTP protocol is used this keyword provides the path to
              the CGI script answering the  CDDB  requests.  This  is  usually

       cddbproxy host[:port]
              The  name of a proxy that can be used for CDDB requests. If port
              is not provided port 80 will be used.

   CD Information
       The rest of the keywords describe specific CDs.

       tracks ntracks start1 start2 ... startn length
              This keyword delimits the start of a particular CD’s entry  (and
              thus  the end of the previous entry.)  Its arguments contain the
              information used to distinguish  one  disc  from  another.   The
              first argument, ntracks, is the number of tracks on the CD.  For
              each of those tracks, there is  a  start  value,  which  is  the
              starting  frame of the track (a frame is approximately 1/75th of
              a second.)  The final argument  is  the  length  of  the  CD  in

       sections nsects start1 start2 ... startn
              Workman(1)  allows the user to split a CD’s physical tracks into
              smaller virtual tracks called sections.  The  sections  keyword,
              which  must  immediately  follow  tracks,  defines  the starting
              positions of the sections.  Sections are inserted into the track
              list,  and  track numbers are adjusted accordingly, e.g. section
              1.2 as presented to the user is represented as track  2  in  the
              database  file.   If  the  sections  listed  in  .workmandb  and
              .workmanrc differ, .workmandb  takes  precedence,  and  sections
              listed only in .workmanrc are discarded.

       cdname name
              The name of the current disc, as supplied by the user.

       artist name
              The artist’s name for the current disc, as supplied by the user.

       playmode mode
              The default play mode for the CD is mode, a numeric value.  0 is
              the  "normal"  play mode (play all tracks sequentially) and 1 is
              "shuffle" mode.  If mode is  2  or  greater,  the  default  play
              sequence  is  a  playlist  (mode 2 meaning the first playlist, 3
              meaning the second, etc.)

              If autoplay is present, this CD will begin  playing  immediately
              when it is inserted.

       cdvolume volume
              The  default  play  volume  of the CD, a value from 0 to 32.  If
              volume is 0, the CD has  no  default  volume  (since  0  is  the
              default, cdvolume will usually not be present in that case.)

       playlist name number track1 track2 ...
              Define a playlist for the current CD.  The name does not contain
              any whitespace; whitespace is converted to "_" on output and "_"
              is  converted  to  whitespace on input.  (See the BUGS section.)
              The number argument is the number of  tracks  contained  in  the
              playlist;  the  rest  of  the  line  is a list of track numbers.
              Playlists are ordered; see the playmode keyword above.

       track [name]
              The name of a track.  This  delimits  the  start  of  a  track’s
              information.   The  name  argument  is  optional; it will not be
              present unless the user has supplied a track  name.   This  line
              may   be  divided  into  display  lines  with  the  "//"  token.
              Additionally, a display line beginning with "+"  indicates  that
              the  rest  of the display line contains a replacement disc title
              (usually the name of a group of tracks, such as "Symphony No. 2"
              on  a  disc  with more than one piece of music.)  A display line
              beginning with "@" replaces the artist’s name for the track.  If
              "+"  or  "@" is the only character on a display line, workman(1)
              will use the title or artist from the previous track,  searching
              backwards  as  necessary.   If  a  display  line  is  empty, the
              corresponding display line from the previous track is used.

              The current track is a continuation of the  previous  one  (e.g.
              the second movement of a symphony.)

       dontplay track
              Don’t   play   a   track   (specified  by  number)  unless  it’s
              specifically requested by the user.

       volume track volume
              The default play volume for track, specified by number.   volume
              is a number from 0 to 32.  See cdvolume above.

       mark frame mark-id
              Define  a  mark.   Marks  with  IDs other than START and END are
              currently ignored.  Those two marks represent the start and  end
              of  the  part  of the CD to be repeated (as set from the Goodies
              popup) respectively.  The  frame  value  is  an  absolute  frame


       The  first  example  is a .workmandb entry for a hypothetical disc.  At
       least, I hope it’s hypothetical.

              tracks 6 150 10341 20449 45117 100104 150100 1609
              cdname Amazing Accordion Tunes - The Early Years
              artist The Hemophiliacs
              track Polka ’Till the Sun Goes Down
              track I’ve Got Rocks In My Heart, Baby...
              track ...But I Still Get Stoned On You
              track You Never Know How Late It Is Until the Clock Strikes Blue
              track +The Big Exhibition//@Mussorgsky//IX. La Cabane//Allegro
              track +//@////Andante mosso

       The third track is a continuation of the second.  The fifth track is an
       excerpt  from a larger work, originally written by someone else; it has
       a two-line track title.  The sixth  track  is  a  continuation  of  the
       fifth;  it  uses  the  same title and artist, and the first line of the
       track title is the same, but the second is different.

       The .workmanrc entry for the same CD might look like:

              tracks 6 150 10341 20449 45117 100104 150100 1609
              cdvolume 32
              playmode 1
              playlist Originals 3 2 3 1
              dontplay 4
              volume 3 20

       The tracks line, naturally,  is  the  same  in  both  files,  since  it
       identifies  which CD the entry is for.  This CD plays at maximum volume
       in shuffle mode by default.  It has one playlist with tracks 2, 3,  and
       1.   When  inserted,  it  will  start  up  automatically.   Track  4 is
       particularly unpleasant, so the user never wants to hear it.  And track
       3 should be played more quietly than the others.




       The  playlist  keyword  is not well thought-out.  The name should go at
       the end of the line, so it can contain whitespace or whatever else  the
       user likes.

       The  file  updating  algorithm  used  by  workman(1)  leaves  big holes
       (consisting of empty lines) in the database files.  It makes an attempt
       to fill the holes when possible rather than growing the files.

                                    12/5/92                       workmandb(5)