Man Linux: Main Page and Category List


       tty_ioctl - ioctls for terminals and serial lines


       #include <termios.h>

       int ioctl(int fd, int cmd, ...);


       The  ioctl()  call for terminals and serial ports accepts many possible
       command arguments.  Most require a third  argument,  of  varying  type,
       here called argp or arg.

       Use  of  ioctl makes for nonportable programs.  Use the POSIX interface
       described in termios(3) whenever possible.

   Get and Set Terminal Attributes
       TCGETS    struct termios *argp
              Equivalent to tcgetattr(fd, argp).
              Get the current serial port settings.

       TCSETS    const struct termios *argp
              Equivalent to tcsetattr(fd, TCSANOW, argp).
              Set the current serial port settings.

       TCSETSW   const struct termios *argp
              Equivalent to tcsetattr(fd, TCSADRAIN, argp).
              Allow the output buffer to drain, and  set  the  current  serial
              port settings.

       TCSETSF   const struct termios *argp
              Equivalent to tcsetattr(fd, TCSAFLUSH, argp).
              Allow the output buffer to drain, discard pending input, and set
              the current serial port settings.

       The following four  ioctls  are  just  like  TCGETS,  TCSETS,  TCSETSW,
       TCSETSF,  except  that  they take a struct termio * instead of a struct
       termios *.

       TCGETA    struct termio *argp

       TCSETA    const struct termio *argp

       TCSETAW   const struct termio *argp

       TCSETAF   const struct termio *argp

   Locking the termios structure
       The termios structure of a terminal can be locked.  The lock is  itself
       a  termios  structure,  with nonzero bits or fields indicating a locked

       TIOCGLCKTRMIOS struct termios *argp
              Gets  the  locking  status  of  the  termios  structure  of  the

       TIOCSLCKTRMIOS const struct termios *argp
              Sets  the  locking  status  of  the  termios  structure  of  the
              terminal.   Only  root  (more  precisely:  a  process  with  the
              CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability) can do this.

   Get and Set Window Size
       Window sizes are kept in the kernel, but not used by the kernel (except
       in the case of virtual consoles,  where  the  kernel  will  update  the
       window  size when the size of the virtual console changes, for example,
       by loading a new font).

       The following constants and structure are defined in <sys/ioctl.h>.

       TIOCGWINSZ     struct winsize *argp
              Get window size.

       TIOCSWINSZ     const struct winsize *argp
              Set window size.

       The struct used by these ioctls is defined as

           struct winsize {
               unsigned short ws_row;
               unsigned short ws_col;
               unsigned short ws_xpixel;   /* unused */
               unsigned short ws_ypixel;   /* unused */

       When the window  size  changes,  a  SIGWINCH  signal  is  sent  to  the
       foreground process group.

   Sending a Break
       TCSBRK    int arg
              Equivalent to tcsendbreak(fd, arg).
              If  the terminal is using asynchronous serial data transmission,
              and arg is zero, then send a break (a stream of zero  bits)  for
              between  0.25  and  0.5  seconds.   If the terminal is not using
              asynchronous serial data transmission, then either  a  break  is
              sent,  or the function returns without doing anything.  When arg
              is nonzero, nobody knows what will happen.

              (SVr4, UnixWare, Solaris, Linux treat  tcsendbreak(fd,arg)  with
              nonzero arg like tcdrain(fd).  SunOS treats arg as a multiplier,
              and sends a stream of bits arg times as long as  done  for  zero
              arg.   DG/UX and AIX treat arg (when nonzero) as a time interval
              measured in milliseconds.  HP-UX ignores arg.)

       TCSBRKP   int arg
              So-called "POSIX version" of TCSBRK.  It treats nonzero arg as a
              timeinterval  measured in deciseconds, and does nothing when the
              driver does not support breaks.

       TIOCSBRK  void
              Turn break on, that is, start sending zero bits.

       TIOCCBRK  void
              Turn break off, that is, stop sending zero bits.

   Software flow control
       TCXONC    int arg
              Equivalent to tcflow(fd, arg).
              See tcflow(3) for the argument  values  TCOOFF,  TCOON,  TCIOFF,

   Buffer count and flushing
       FIONREAD  int *argp
              Get the number of bytes in the input buffer.

       TIOCINQ   int *argp
              Same as FIONREAD.

       TIOCOUTQ  int *argp
              Get the number of bytes in the output buffer.

       TCFLSH    int arg
              Equivalent to tcflush(fd, arg).
              See  tcflush(3)  for  the  argument  values  TCIFLUSH, TCOFLUSH,

   Faking input
       TIOCSTI   const char *argp
              Insert the given byte in the input queue.

   Redirecting console output
       TIOCCONS  void
              Redirect  output  that  would  have  gone  to  /dev/console   or
              /dev/tty0  to the given terminal.  If that was a pseudo-terminal
              master, send it to the slave.  In Linux before  version  2.6.10,
              anybody  can  do  this  as long as the output was not redirected
              yet; since  version  2.6.10,  only  root  (a  process  with  the
              CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability) may do this.  If output was redirected
              already EBUSY is returned, but redirection  can  be  stopped  by
              using  this ioctl with fd pointing at /dev/console or /dev/tty0.

   Controlling terminal
       TIOCSCTTY int arg
              Make the given terminal the controlling terminal of the  calling
              process.   The  calling process must be a session leader and not
              have a  controlling  terminal  already.   If  this  terminal  is
              already  the  controlling  terminal of a different session group
              then the ioctl fails with EPERM, unless the caller is root (more
              precisely:  has  the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability) and arg equals 1,
              in which case the terminal is stolen, and all processes that had
              it as controlling terminal lose it.

       TIOCNOTTY void
              If  the  given  terminal  was  the  controlling  terminal of the
              calling process, give up  this  controlling  terminal.   If  the
              process  was session leader, then send SIGHUP and SIGCONT to the
              foreground process  group  and  all  processes  in  the  current
              session lose their controlling terminal.

   Process group and session ID
       TIOCGPGRP pid_t *argp
              When successful, equivalent to *argp = tcgetpgrp(fd).
              Get the process group ID of the foreground process group on this

       TIOCSPGRP const pid_t *argp
              Equivalent to tcsetpgrp(fd, *argp).
              Set the foreground process group ID of this terminal.

       TIOCGSID  pid_t *argp
              Get the session ID of the given terminal.  This will  fail  with
              ENOTTY  in case the terminal is not a master pseudo-terminal and
              not our controlling terminal.  Strange.

   Exclusive mode
       TIOCEXCL  void
              Put the  terminal  into  exclusive  mode.   No  further  open(2)
              operations  on the terminal are permitted.  (They will fail with
              EBUSY,  except  for  root,  that  is,   a   process   with   the
              CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability.)

       TIOCNXCL  void
              Disable exclusive mode.

   Line discipline
       TIOCGETD  int *argp
              Get the line discipline of the terminal.

       TIOCSETD  const int *argp
              Set the line discipline of the terminal.

   Pseudo-terminal ioctls
       TIOCPKT   const int *argp
              Enable  (when  *argp is nonzero) or disable packet mode.  Can be
              applied to the master side of a pseudo-terminal only  (and  will
              return  ENOTTY  otherwise).   In  packet  mode,  each subsequent
              read(2) will return a  packet  that  either  contains  a  single
              nonzero control byte, or has a single byte containing zero (' ')
              followed by data written  on  the  slave  side  of  the  pseudo-
              terminal.   If  the first byte is not TIOCPKT_DATA (0), it is an
              OR of one or more of the following bits:

              TIOCPKT_FLUSHREAD   The read queue for the terminal is flushed.
              TIOCPKT_FLUSHWRITE  The write queue for the terminal is flushed.
              TIOCPKT_STOP        Output to the terminal is stopped.
              TIOCPKT_START       Output to the terminal is restarted.
              TIOCPKT_DOSTOP      The start and stop characters are ^S/^Q.
              TIOCPKT_NOSTOP      The start and stop characters are not ^S/^Q.

              While this mode is  in  use,  the  presence  of  control  status
              information to be read from the master side may be detected by a
              select(2) for exceptional conditions.

              This mode is used by rlogin(1) and  rlogind(8)  to  implement  a
              remote-echoed, locally ^S/^Q flow-controlled remote login.

              not been implemented under Linux.

   Modem control
       TIOCMGET  int *argp
              get the status of modem bits.

       TIOCMSET  const int *argp
              set the status of modem bits.

       TIOCMBIC  const int *argp
              clear the indicated modem bits.

       TIOCMBIS  const int *argp
              set the indicated modem bits.

       Bits used by these four ioctls:

       TIOCM_LE        DSR (data set ready/line enable)
       TIOCM_DTR       DTR (data terminal ready)
       TIOCM_RTS       RTS (request to send)
       TIOCM_ST        Secondary TXD (transmit)
       TIOCM_SR        Secondary RXD (receive)
       TIOCM_CTS       CTS (clear to send)
       TIOCM_CAR       DCD (data carrier detect)
       TIOCM_CD         see TIOCM_CAR
       TIOCM_RNG       RNG (ring)
       TIOCM_RI         see TIOCM_RNG
       TIOCM_DSR       DSR (data set ready)

   Marking a line as local
       TIOCGSOFTCAR   int *argp
              ("Get software carrier flag") Get the status of the CLOCAL  flag
              in the c_cflag field of the termios structure.

       TIOCSSOFTCAR   const int *argp
              ("Set software carrier flag") Set the CLOCAL flag in the termios
              structure when *argp is nonzero, and clear it otherwise.

       If the CLOCAL flag for a line is off, the hardware carrier detect (DCD)
       signal  is  significant,  and  an open(2) of the corresponding terminal
       will block until DCD is asserted, unless the O_NONBLOCK flag is  given.
       If  CLOCAL  is set, the line behaves as if DCD is always asserted.  The
       software carrier flag is usually turned on for local  devices,  and  is
       off for lines with modems.

       For the TIOCLINUX ioctl, see console_ioctl(4).

   Kernel debugging
       #include <linux/tty.h>

       TIOCTTYGSTRUCT struct tty_struct *argp
              Get the tty_struct corresponding to fd.


       The  ioctl()  system call returns 0 on success.  On error it returns -1
       and sets errno appropriately.


       EINVAL Invalid command parameter.

              Unknown command.

       ENOTTY Inappropriate fd.

       EPERM  Insufficient permission.


       Check the condition of DTR on the serial port.

       #include <termios.h>
       #include <fcntl.h>
       #include <sys/ioctl.h>

           int fd, serial;

           fd = open("/dev/ttyS0", O_RDONLY);
           ioctl(fd, TIOCMGET, &serial);
           if (serial & TIOCM_DTR)
               puts("TIOCM_DTR is not set");
               puts("TIOCM_DTR is set");


       ioctl(2), termios(3), console_ioctl(4), pty(7)


       This page is part of release 3.24 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at