saned - SANE network daemon
saned [ -a [ username ] | -d [ n ] | -s [ n ] ]
saned is the SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) daemon that allows remote
clients to access image acquisition devices available on the local
The -a flag requests that saned run in standalone daemon mode. In this
mode, saned will detach from the console and run in the background,
listening for incoming client connections; inetd is not required for
saned operations in this mode. If the optional username is given after
-a , saned will drop root privileges and run as this user (and group).
The -d and -s flags request that saned run in debug mode (as opposed to
inetd(8) mode). In this mode, saned explicitly waits for a connection
request. When compiled with debugging enabled, these flags may be
followed by a number to request debug info. The larger the number, the
more verbose the debug output. E.g., -d128 will request printing of
all debug info. Debug level 0 means no debug output at all. The default
value is 2. If flag -d is used, the debug messages will be printed to
stderr while -s requests using syslog.
If saned is run from inetd or xinetd, no option can be given.
First and foremost: saned is not intended to be exposed to the internet
or other non-trusted networks. Make sure that access is limited by
tcpwrappers and/or a firewall setup. Don’t depend only on saned’s own
authentication. Don’t run saned as root if it’s not necessary. And do
not install saned as setuid root.
The saned.conf configuration file contains both options for the daemon
and the access list.
data_portrange = min_port - max_port
Specify the port range to use for the data connection. Pick a
port range between 1024 and 65535; don’t pick a too large port
range, as it may have performance issues. Use this option if
your saned server is sitting behind a firewall. If that firewall
is a Linux machine, we strongly recommend using the Netfilter
nf_conntrack_sane module instead.
The access list is a list of host names, IP addresses or IP subnets
(CIDR notation) that are permitted to use local SANE devices. IPv6
addresses must be enclosed in brackets, and should always be specified
in their compressed form. Connections from localhost are always
permitted. Empty lines and lines starting with a hash mark (#) are
ignored. A line containing the single character ‘‘+’’ is interpreted to
match any hostname. This allows any remote machine to use your scanner
and may present a security risk, so this shouldn’t be used unless you
know what you’re doing.
A sample configuration file is shown below:
# Daemon options
data_portrange = 10000 - 10100
# Access list
# this is a comment
The case of the host names does not matter, so AHost.COM is considered
identical to ahost.com.
For saned to work properly in its default mode of operation, it is also
necessary to add a configuration line to /etc/inetd.conf. Note that
your inetd must support IPv6 if you want to connect to saned over IPv6
; xinetd and openbsd-inetd are known to support IPv6, check the
documentation for your inetd daemon.
The configuration line normally looks like this:
sane-port stream tcp nowait saned.saned /usr/sbin/saned saned
However, if your system uses tcpd(8) for additional security screening,
you may want to disable saned access control by putting ‘‘+’’ in
saned.conf and use a line of the following form in /etc/inetd.conf
sane-port stream tcp nowait saned.saned /usr/sbin/tcpd
Note that both examples assume that there is a saned group and a saned
user. If you follow this example, please make sure that the access
permissions on the special device are set such that saned can access
the scanner (the program generally needs read and write access to
If xinetd is installed on your system instead of inetd the following
example for xinetd.conf may be helpful:
# default: off
# description: The sane server accepts requests
# for network access to a local scanner via the
port = 6566
socket_type = stream
wait = no
user = saned
group = saned
server = /usr/sbin/saned
Finally, it is also necessary to add a line of the following form to
sane-port 6566/tcp # SANE network scanner daemon
The official IANA short name for port 6566 is "sane-port". The older
name "sane" is now deprecated.
The hosts listed in this file are permitted to access all local
SANE devices. Caveat: this file imposes serious security risks
and its use is not recommended.
Contains a list of hosts permitted to access local SANE devices
(see also description of SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).
If this file contains lines of the form
access to the listed backends is restricted. A backend may be
listed multiple times for different user/password combinations.
The server uses MD5 hashing if supported by the client.
This environment variable specifies the list of directories that
may contain the configuration file. Under UNIX, the directories
are separated by a colon (‘:’), under OS/2, they are separated
by a semi-colon (‘;’). If this variable is not set, the
configuration file is searched in two default directories:
first, the current working directory (".") and then in
/etc/sane.d. If the value of the environment variable ends with
the directory separator character, then the default directories
are searched after the explicitly specified directories. For
example, setting SANE_CONFIG_DIR to "/tmp/config:" would result
in directories "tmp/config", ".", and "/etc/sane.d" being
searched (in this order).
sane(7), scanimage(1), xscanimage(1), xcam(1), sane-dll(5),
20 Apr 2009 saned(8)