blkid - command-line utility to locate/print block device attributes
blkid -L label | -U uuid
blkid [-ghlv] [-c file] [-w file] [-o format]
[-s tag] [-t NAME=value] device [device ...]
blkid -p [-O offset] [-S size] [-o format] [-s tag]
[-u list] device [device ...]
The blkid program is the command-line interface to working with
libblkid(3) library. It can determine the type of content (e.g.
filesystem, swap) a block device holds, and also attributes (tokens,
NAME=value pairs) from the content metadata (e.g. LABEL or UUID
blkid has two main forms of operation: either searching for a device
with a specific NAME=value pair, or displaying NAME=value pairs for one
or more devices.
Read from cachefile instead of reading from the default cache
file /etc/blkid.tab. If you want to start with a clean cache
(i.e. don’t report devices previously scanned but not
necessarily available at this time), specify /dev/null.
-g Perform a garbage collection pass on the blkid cache to remove
devices which no longer exist.
-h Display a usage message and exit.
-l Look up one device that matches the search parameter specified
using the -t option. If there are multiple devices that match
the specified search parameter, then the device with the highest
priority is returned, and/or the first device found at a given
priority. Device types in order of decreasing priority are
Device Mapper, EVMS, LVM, MD, and finally regular block devices.
If this option is not specified, blkid will print all of the
devices that match the search parameter.
Look up one device that uses the label (same as: -l -o device -t
LABEL=<label>). This look up method is able to reliable use
/dev/disk/by-label udev symlinks (depends on setting in
/etc/blkid.conf). Avoid to use the symlinks directly. It is not
reliable to use the symlinks without verification. The -L
option works on systems with and without udev.
Unfortunately, the original blkid(8) from e2fsprogs use the -L
option as a synonym to the -o list option. For better
portability use "-l -o device -t LABEL=<label>" and "-o list" in
your scripts rather than -L option.
Restrict probing functions to defined (comma separated) list of
"usage" types. Supported usage types are: filesystem, raid,
crypto and other. The list can be prefixed with "no" to specify
the usage types which should be ignored. For example:
blkid -p -u filesystem,other /dev/sda1
probes for all filesystems and others (e.g. swap) formats, and
blkid -p -u noraid /dev/sda1
probes for all supported formats exclude RAIDs. This option is
useful with -p only.
Look up one device that uses the uuid. For more details see the
Display blkid’s output using the specified format. The format
parameter may be:
full print all tags (the default)
value print the value of the tags
list print the devices in a user-friendly format, this output
format is unsupported for low-level probing (-p)
device print the device name only, this output format is always
enabled for -L and -U options
udev vol_id compatible mode; usable in udev rules
Probe at the given offset (only useful with -p).
-p Switch to low-level probing mode (bypass cache)
-s tag For each (specified) device, show only the tags that match tag.
It is possible to specify multiple -s options. If no tag is
specified, then all tokens are shown for all (specified)
devices. In order to just refresh the cache without showing any
tokens, use -s none with no other options.
Overwrite device/file size (only useful with -p).
Search for block devices with tokens named NAME that have the
value value, and display any devices which are found. Common
values for NAME include TYPE, LABEL, and UUID. If there are no
devices specified on the command line, all block devices will be
searched; otherwise only the specified devices are searched.
-v Display version number and exit.
Write the device cache to writecachefile instead of writing it
to the default cache file /etc/blkid.tab. If you don’t want to
save the cache to the default file, specify /dev/null. If not
specified it will be the same file as that given by the -c
device Display tokens from only the specified device. It is possible
to give multiple device options on the command line. If none is
given, all devices which appear in /proc/partitions are shown,
if they are recognized.
If the specified token was found, or if any tags were shown from
(specified) devices, 0 is returned. If the specified token was not
found, or no (specified) devices could be identified, an exit code of 2
is returned. For usage or other errors, an exit code of 4 is returned.
blkid was written by Andreas Dilger for libblkid and improved by
Theodore Ts’o and Karel Zak.
The blkid command is part of the util-linux-ng package and is available
libblkid(3) findfs(8) wipefs(8)