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       im_lrmosaic,  im_tbmosaic  -  mosaic  two  images  using  a  zero order


       #include <vips/vips.h>

       im_lrmosaic( IMAGE *ref, IMAGE *sec, IMAGE *out,
            int bandno,
            int xref, int yref, int xsec, int ysec,
            int halfcorrelation, int halfarea,
            int balancetype,
            int mwidth )

       im_tbmosaic( IMAGE *ref, IMAGE *sec, IMAGE *out,
            int bandno,
            int xref, int yref, int xsec, int ysec,
            int halfcorrelation, int halfarea,
            int balancetype,
            int mwidth )


       im_lrmosaic() and im_tbmosaic() are used to mosaic  two  images  (left-
       right  and top-bottom respectively).  Both input images are held by the
       IMAGE descriptors reference and secondary whereas the output is written
       on the IMAGE descriptor out.

       In  order  to carry out mosaicing, the coordinates of one tie point are
       required.  The tie point is expected to be in the overlapping area  and
       has coordinates (xref, yref) on the reference image and (xsec, ysec) on
       the secondary image. The tie-point is not used as a start point for the
       search, but is used to specify the overlap of the two images.

       The  functions split the overlap area into three parts (top, middle and
       bottom; or left, middle and right) and search the  reference  image  in
       each  part  for  the  20 best high contrast points. These 60 points are
       then searched for in the secondary image, giving a set of  60  possible
       corrected vectors.

       A  straight line is fitted through the 60 vectors, and points discarded
       which lie a significant distance  from  the  line.  The  line  is  then
       refitted to the remaining points, and the process repeated until either
       all remaining points lie on a straight line, or too  many  points  have
       been discarded.

       If a good straight line fit is found, ref and sec are joined. If no fit
       was found, the functions fail with an error message.  Note  that  these
       functions  detect  rotation: if the straight line found requires sec to
       be rotated, they also fail with an error message.

       Each function requires three more parameters:

       halfcorrelationsize - sets the size of the fragments of ref
          for which the function searches sec. The actual window
          will be of size 2*halfcorrelationsize+1. We recommend a
          value of 5.

       halfareasize - sets the size of the area of sec that is
          searched. The actual area searched will be of size
          2*halfareasize+1. We recommend a value of 14.

       balancetype - sets the style of the balancing the functions
          perform. Balancing finds the average value of pixels in
          the overlap area, and scales the left and right images
          (or top and bottom images) so as to make the images
          match in average overlap. Possible values are:

             0 - means do no balancing.

             1 - means keep the left image unadjusted and adjust
             the contrast of the right image to match the left.

             2 - means keep the right image unadjusted and scale
             the left image to match it.

             3 - means adjust the contrast of both the left and
             right images to bring both averages to a middle
             value. The middle value chosen is weighted by the
             number of pixels in each image: large images will be
             adjusted less than small images.

       Balancing is useful for mosaicing frames  from  photographic  or  video
       sources  where  exact  colour control is impossible and exposure varies
       from frame to frame.  Balancing  is  only  allowed  for  uncoded  uchar

       The  final  "mwidth"  parameter  sets  the  maximum  blend  width,  see

       See also im_global_balance()  for  a  better  way  of  balancing  large


       All functions return 0 on success and -1 on error.


       im_lrmerge(3), im_tbmerge(3), im_global_balance(3).

                                  13 May 1991                   IM_LRMOSAIC(3)