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       reportbug - reports a bug to a debbugs server


       reportbug [options] <package | pseudo-package | absolute-pathname>


       reportbug   is   primarily  designed  to  report  bugs  in  the  Debian
       distribution; by default,  it  creates  an  email  to  the  Debian  bug
       tracking  system  at with information about the
       bug you’ve found, and makes a carbon copy of  the  report  for  you  as

       Using  the --bts option, you can also report bugs to other servers that
       use the Debian bug tracking system, debbugs.

       You may specify either a package name or  a  filename;  if  you  use  a
       filename,  it  must either be an absolute filename (so beginning with a
       /) or if you want reportbug to search the system for  a  filename,  see
       the  --filename and --path options below. If installed, also dlocate is
       used to identify the filename location and thus the package  containing

       You can also specify a pseudo-package; these are used in the Debian bug
       tracking system to track issues that are not related  to  one  specific
       package.   Run reportbug without any arguments, then enter other at the
       package prompt, to  see  a  list  of  the  most  commonly-used  pseudo-


       The  program  follows  the  usual  GNU  command  line syntax, with long
       options starting with two dashes (‘--’).   A  summary  of  options  are
       included below.

       -h, --help
              Show summary of options.

              Show the version of reportbug and exit.

       -A FILENAME, --attach=FILENAME
              Attach  a file to the bug report; both text and binary files are
              acceptable; this option  can  be  specified  multiple  times  to
              attach   several   files.   This  routine  will  create  a  MIME
              attachment with the file included; in some cases  (usually  text
              files),  it  is  probably  better  to  use  -i/--include option.
              (Please note that  Debian’s  bug  tracking  system  has  limited
              support for MIME attachments.)

       -b, --no-query-bts
              Don’t  check  the  Debian  bug  tracking  system  to see if this
              problem has already been reported; useful for offline use or  if
              you’re really sure it’s a bug.

              Check  the Debian bug tracking system to see if this problem has
              already been reported (default).

       -B SYSTEM, --bts=SYSTEM
              Instead of the Debian bug server (or the bug server specified in
              /etc/reportbug.conf, use the server specified by SYSTEM.

              Use  the  specified  BODY  as the body of the message.  The body
              text will be wrapped at 70 columns,  and  the  normal  reportbug
              headers  and  footers  will be added as appropriate.  The editor
              prompt and any "special" prompting will be bypassed.

       --body-file=BODYFILE, --bodyfile=BODYFILE
              The contents of the (assumed to be) text file BODYFILE  will  be
              used  as  the message body.  This file is assumed to be properly
              formatted (i.e.  reasonable  line  lengths,  etc.).   The  usual
              headers  and  footers  will  be  added,  and the editor step and
              "special" prompts will be skipped.   (BODYFILE  may  also  be  a
              named  pipe;  using  a  device  special file may lead to unusual

       -c, --no-config-files
              Omit configuration files from the bug report without asking.  By
              default,  you  are  asked  if  you want to include them; in some
              cases, doing so may cause sensitive information to be  sent  via

       -C CLASS, --class=CLASS
              Specify report class for GNATS BTSes.

              Rerun  the reportbug first time configuration routine, and write
              a new $HOME/.reportbugrc file.  This will erase any pre-existing
              settings  in  the  file;  however,  a  backup will be written as

              Check for newer releases of the package  at
              (default).     In    advanced    and    expert    mode,    check

              Do   not   check   for   newer   releases   of  the  package  at

              Include debconf settings in your report.

              Do not include debconf settings from your report.

       -d, --debug
              Don’t send a real bug report to  Debian;  send  it  to  yourself
              instead.   This is primarily used for testing by the maintainer.

       --test Operate in test mode (maintainer use only).

              Save the draft (for example, when exiting and saving the  report
              without reporting it) into DRAFTPATH directory.

       -e EDITOR, --editor=EDITOR
              Specify  the  editor  to  use,  overriding  any EDITOR or VISUAL
              environment variable setting.

              Set the email address your report should appear to be sent  from
              (i.e. the address that appears in the From header).  This should
              be the actual Internet email address on its own (i.e. without  a
              real  name or comment part, like  This setting
              will override the EMAIL and DEBEMAIL environment variables,  but
              not REPORTBUGEMAIL.

              Display  a prompt before exiting; this is useful if reportbug is
              run in a transient terminal (i.e. from its Debian menu entry).

       -f FILENAME, --filename=FILENAME
              Report a bug in the package containing  FILENAME  so  you  don’t
              have  to  figure out what package the file belongs to.  The path
              will  be  searched  for  an  exact  path  for  FILENAME   before
              attempting  to  broaden  the  search to all files. If dlocate is
              installed, FILENAME is actually a regular expression.

              This options is a shortcut for buildd admins to report bugs from
              buildd  log;  the  option  expects  a  value  in  the  format of
              $source_$version where $source is the  source  package  the  bug
              will be reported against and $version is its version.

       --path If  the  -f/--filename option is also specified, only search the
              path for the specified FILENAME.  Specifying  an  absolute  path
              with  the  -f/--filename  option  (i.e.  one beginning with a /)
              overrides this behavior.

       -g, --gnupg, --gpg
              Attach a digital signature to the bug report  using  GnuPG  (the
              GNU  Privacy  Guard).  (This argument will be ignored if you are
              using an MUA to edit and send your report.)

       -G, --gnus
              Use the GNUS mail and news reader to send  your  report,  rather
              than using the editor.

       -H HEADER, --header=HEADER
              Add  a custom RFC2822 header to your email; for example, to send
              a carbon copy of the report  to
              you could use -H X-Debbugs-CC:

       -i FILE, --include=FILE
              Include the specified FILE as part of the body of the message to
              be  edited.   Can  be used multiple times to add multiple files;
              text-only please!  From a suggestion by Michael Alan  Dorman  in
              the bug mailing list.  (See also the -a/--attach option.)

       -I, --no-check-installed
              Do  not  check  whether the package is installed before filing a
              report.  This is generally only useful when filing a report on a
              package you know is not installed on your system.

              Check if the specified package is installed when filing reports.
              (This is the default behavior of reportbug.)

       -j JUSTIFICATION, --justification=JUSTIFICATION
              Bugs in Debian that have serious, grave, or critical  severities
              must  meet  certain  criteria  to  be  classified as such.  This
              option allows you to specify the justification  for  a  release-
              critical bug, instead of being prompted for it.

       -k, --kudos
              Send  appreciative  email  to  the  recorded maintainer address,
              rather than filing a bug report.  (You can also  send  kudos  to
    ,  for  packages  in  the  Debian
              archive; however, this option uses the Maintainer  address  from
              the control file, so it works with other package sources too.)

       -K KEYID, --keyid=KEYID
              Private  key to use for PGP/GnuPG signatures.  If not specified,
              the first key in the secret  keyring  that  matches  your  email
              address will be used.

              Show  reportbug’s  copyright and license information on standard

              Send a carbon copy of the report to the specified list  after  a
              report  number is assigned; this is the equivalent to the option
              -H X-Debbugs-CC: ADDRESS.   This  option  will  only  work  as
              intended with debbugs systems.

       -m, --maintonly
              Only  send  the  bug to the package maintainer; the bug tracking
              system will not send a  copy  to  the  bug  report  distribution

              Add a BTS mirror.

              Set  the  operating mode for reportbug.  reportbug currently has
              four operating modes: novice (the default), standard,  advanced,
              and expert.

              novice  mode is designed to minimize prompting about things that
              "ordinary users" would  be  unlikely  to  know  or  care  about,
              shifting  the  triage  burden onto the maintainer.  Checking for
              new versions is only done for the stable  distribution  in  this
              mode.  It is currently the default mode.

              standard  mode includes a relatively large number of prompts and
              tries to encourage users to not file frivolous or duplicate  bug

              advanced  mode  is like standard mode, but may include shortcuts
              suitable for more advanced users of  Debian,  without  being  as
              close  to  the  metal  (and  potential  flamage) as expert mode.
              (Currently, the only differences from standard mode are that  it
              assumes  familiarity  with  the  "incoming" queue; it allows the
              reporting of bugs on "dependency"  packages;  and  it  does  not
              prompt where to insert the report text in the editor.)

              expert mode is designed to minimize prompts that are designed to
              discourage  frivolous  or  unnecessary  bug  reports,  "severity
              inflation," and the like.  In expert mode, reportbug assumes the
              user is thoroughly familiar with Debian policies.  In  practice,
              this  means  that  reporters  are  no longer required to justify
              setting a high severity on a bug report, and  certain  automated
              cleanups  of  the  message are bypassed.  Individuals who do not
              regularly  contribute  to  the   Debian   project   are   highly
              discouraged  from  using  expert mode, as it can lead to flamage
              from maintainers when used improperly.

       -M, --mutt
              Instead of spawning an editor to revise the bug report, use  the
              mutt mail reader to edit and send it.

              Specify  an  alternate  MTA,  instead of /usr/sbin/sendmail (the
              default).  Any smtphost setting will override this one.

              Instead of spawning an editor to revise the bug report, use  the
              specified  MUA (mail user agent) to edit and send it. --mutt and
              --nmh options are processed.

       -n, --mh, --nmh
              Instead of spawning an editor to revise the bug report, use  the
              comp  command  (part of the nmh and mh mail systems) to edit and
              send it.

       -N, --bugnumber
              Run reportbug against the  specified  bug  report,  useful  when
              following-up a bug and its number is already known.

              Do  not  execute the bug script (if present); this option can be
              useful together with --template to  suppress  every  interactive
              actions, since some bug scripts can ask questions.

              Don’t display the menu to enter additional addresses (CC).

              Don’t display the menu to enter additional tags.

       -o FILE, --output=FILE
              Instead  of  sending  an  email,  redirect  it  to the specified

              The output file is a full dump  of  the  email  message,  so  it
              contains  both headers and mail body. If you want to use it as a
              template to create a new bug report, then you have to remove all
              the  headers (mind the Subject one, though) and start the report
              at the Package pseudo-header.

       -O, --offline
              Disable all external queries.  Currently has the same effect  as
              --no-check-available --no-query-bts.

       -p, --print
              Instead  of  sending  an email, print the bug report to standard
              output, so you can redirect it to a file or pipe it  to  another

              This  option  only  outputs  a  template  for a bug report (but,
              differently from --template it’s  more  interactive);  you  will
              need to fill in the long description.

              Show  the  contents  of the message before it is sent, including
              all headers.  Automatically disabled if in template mode.

              Don’t show the full contents of the message before  it  is  sent

       --pgp  Attach  a  digital signature to the bug report using PGP (Pretty
              Good Privacy).  Please note, however, that the Debian project is
              phasing  out  the  use of PGP in favor of GnuPG.  (This argument
              will be ignored if using an MUA to edit and send your report.)

       --proxy=PROXY, --http_proxy=PROXY
              Specify the WWW proxy server to use to handle the query  of  the
              bug tracking system.  You should only need this parameter if you
              are behind a firewall.  The PROXY argument should  be  formatted
              as a valid HTTP URL, including (if necessary) a port number; for

       -P PSEUDO-HEADER, --pseudo-header=PSEUDO-HEADER
              Add a custom pseudo-header to your report; for example,  to  add
              the  mytag usertag for the user to the bug,
              you could use  -P  User:  -P  Usertags:

       -q, --quiet
              Suppress diagnostic messages to standard error.

       -Q, --query-only
              Do  not submit a bug report; just query the BTS.  Option ignored
              if you specify --no-bts-query.

              Query on all binary packages built by the same source, not  just
              the binary package specified.

              Only  query on the binary package specified on the command line.

              Set the real name (human-readable name) to use for your  report.

              Register  the  bug  in the bug tracking system, but don’t send a
              report to the package maintainer or anyone else.  Don’t do  this
              unless  you’re the maintainer of the package in question, or you
              really know what you are doing.

       --reply-to=ADDRESS, --replyto=ADDRESS
              Set the Reply-To address header in your report.

       -s SUBJECT, --subject=SUBJECT
              Set the subject of the bug report (i.e. a brief  explanation  of
              the  problem,  less  than 60 characters).  If you do not specify
              this switch, you will be prompted for a subject.

       -S SEVERITY, --severity=SEVERITY
              Specify  a  severity  level,  from  critical,  grave,   serious,
              important, normal, minor, and wishlist.

              Use  the mail transport agent (MTA) at HOST to send your report,
              instead of your local /usr/sbin/sendmail program.   This  should
              generally  be  your ISP’s outgoing mail server; you can also use
              ’localhost’ if you have a working mail server  running  on  your
              machine.   If  the  PORT is omitted, the standard port for SMTP,
              port 25, is used.

              Specify the network timeout, the number of seconds to wait for a
              resource  to respond. If nothing is specified, a default timeout
              of 1 minute is selected.

              In case of a network error, there are chances it’s due to a  too
              low  timeout:  try  passing  the  --timeout option with a higher
              value than default.

       --tls  If using SMTP, use Transport Layer Security (TLS) encryption  to
              secure the connection to the mail server.  Some SMTP servers may
              require this option.

              If using SMTP, use the specified USERNAME for authentication.

              If using SMTP, use the specified  PASSWORD  for  authentication.
              If  the  password  isn’t specified on the command line or in the
              configuration file, a prompt will be displayed asking for it.

              Use of this option is insecure on multiuser  systems.   Instead,
              you  should  set this option in $HOME/.reportbugrc and ensure it
              is  only  readable  by  your   user   (e.g.   with   chmod   600

       --src, --source
              Specify  to  report  the bug against the source package, and not
              the binary package (default behaviour).

       -t TYPE, --type=TYPE
              Specify the type of report to be  submitted;  currently  accepts
              either gnats or debbugs.

       -T TAG, --tag=TAG
              Specify   a  tag  to  be  filed  on  this  report,  for  example
              --tag=patch.  Multiple tags  can  be  specified  using  multiple
              -T/--tag arguments.

              Alternatively, you can specify the ’tag’ none to bypass the tags
              prompt without specifying any tags; this will  also  ignore  any
              tags specified on the command line.

              Output  a  template  report to standard output. Differently from
              -p/--print, it tries  to  be  not  interactive,  and  present  a
              template without user’s input.

       -u INTERFACE, --interface=INTERFACE, --ui=INTERFACE
              Specify  the  user  interface  to  use.  Valid options are text,
              urwid,  and  gtk2;  default  is   taken   from   the   reportbug
              configuration files.

       -v, --verify
              Verify the integrity of the package (if installed) using debsums
              before reporting.

              Do not verify the integrity of the package with debsums.

       -V VERSION, --package-version=VERSION
              Specify the version of the package the  problem  was  found  in.
              This  is  probably  most  useful if you are reporting a bug in a
              package that is not installable  or  installed  on  a  different

       -x, --no-cc
              Don’t  send  a  blind carbon copy (BCC) of the bug report to the
              submitter (i.e. yourself).

       -z, --no-compress
              Don’t compress configuration  files  by  removing  comments  and
              blank lines.


       reportbug lynx-ssl
              Report a bug in the lynx-ssl package.

       reportbug --path --filename=ls
              Report a bug in the installed package that includes a program in
              your path called ls.


       From version 0.22 on, reportbug has supported a simple run control file
       syntax.     Commands    are    read    from   /etc/reportbug.conf   and
       $HOME/.reportbugrc with commands in the latter overriding those in  the

       Commands  are  not  case sensitive, and currently take 0 or 1 argument;
       arguments containing whitespace must be enclosed in quotes.

       Any line starting with # is taken to be a comment and will be  ignored.

       Generally,  options corresponding to the long options for reportbug are
       supported, without leading -- sequences.  See reportbug.conf(5) for all
       acceptable options and detailed information.


       VISUAL Editor to use for editing your bug report.

       EDITOR Editor to use for editing the bug report (overridden by VISUAL).

              Email address to use as your from address (in this order). If no
              environment variable exists, the default is taken from your user
              name and /etc/mailname.

              Real name to use; default is taken from /etc/passwd.

              Address for Reply-To header in outgoing mail.

       MAILCC Use the specified CC address on your email.  Note you  can  also
              use the -H option for this (and for Bcc’s too).

              Use  the  specified  BCC address, instead of your email address.
              (CC and BCC based on suggestions from Herbert Thielen in the bug

              Provides  the address of a proxy server to handle the BTS query.
              This should be a valid http URL for a  proxy  server,  including
              any  required  port  number  (simply  specifying  a hostname, or
              omitting a port other than 80, WILL NOT WORK).


       reportbug  should  probably  be  compatible  with  other  bug  tracking
       systems,  like  bugzilla  (used  by the GNOME and Mozilla projects) and
       jitterbug (used by Samba, AbiSource and FreeCiv) but it isn’t.


       reportbug.conf(5),     for
       available tags, querybts(1)


       Chris Lawrence <>, Sandro Tosi <>.