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       psnup - multiple pages per sheet


       psnup  [  -wwidth ] [ -hheight ] [ -ppaper ] [ -Wwidth ] [ -Hheight ] [
       -Ppaper ] [ -l ] [ -r ] [ -f ] [ -c ] [  -mmargin  ]  [  -bborder  ]  [
       -dlwidth ] [ -sscale ] [ -nup ] [ -q ] [ infile [ outfile ] ]


       Psnup  puts  multiple  logical pages onto each physical sheet of paper.
       The input PostScript file should follow the Adobe Document  Structuring

       The  -w option gives the paper width, and the -h option gives the paper
       height, normally specified in cm or in to convert  PostScript’s  points
       (1/72  of an inch) to centimeters or inches.  The -p option can be used
       as an alternative, to set the paper size to a0, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, b5,
       letter,  legal,  tabloid, statement, executive, folio, quarto or 10x14.
       The default paper  size  is  normally  a4,  but  on  a  Debian  system,
       /etc/papersize  is consulted.  The -W, -H, and -P options set the input
       paper size, if it is different from the output size. This makes it easy
       to impose pages of one size on a different size of paper.

       The  -l  option  should  be  used  for  pages  which  are  in landscape
       orientation (rotated 90 degrees anticlockwise). The -r option should be
       used  for  pages  which are in seascape orientation (rotated 90 degrees
       clockwise), and the -f option should be used for pages which  have  the
       width and height interchanged, but are not rotated.

       Psnup normally uses ‘row-major’ layout, where adjacent pages are placed
       in rows across the paper.  The -c option changes the order to  ‘column-
       major’, where successive pages are placed in columns down the paper.

       A  margin  to  leave around the whole page can be specified with the -m
       option. This is useful for sheets of  ‘thumbnail’  pages,  because  the
       normal  page  margins are reduced by putting multiple pages on a single

       The -b option is used to specify an additional margin around each  page
       on a sheet.

       The  -d  option  draws  a  line  around the border of each page, of the
       specified width.   If  the  lwidth  parameter  is  omitted,  a  default
       linewidth  of  1  point  is  assumed.  The linewidth is relative to the
       original page dimensions, i.e. it is scaled down with the rest  of  the

       The scale chosen by psnup can be overridden with the -s option. This is
       useful to merge pages which are already reduced.

       The -nup option selects the number of logical  pages  to  put  on  each
       sheet  of  paper. This can be any whole number; psnup tries to optimise
       the layout so that the minimum amount of  space  is  wasted.  If  psnup
       cannot  find a layout within its tolerance limit, it will abort with an
       error message. The alternative  form  i  nup  can  also  be  used,  for
       compatibility with other n-up programs.

       Psnup normally prints the page numbers of the pages re-arranged; the -q
       option suppresses this.


       The potential use of this utility is varied but one particular  use  is
       in  conjunction  with  psbook(1).  For example, using groff to create a
       PostScript document and lpr as the UNIX print spooler a typical command
       line might look like this:

       groff -Tps -ms file | psbook | psnup -2 | lpr

       Where  file is a 4 page document this command will result in a two page
       document printing two pages of file per page and  rearranges  the  page
       order  to  match  the  input pages 4 and 1 on the first output page and
       pages 2 then 3 of the input document on the second output page.


       Copyright (C) Angus J. C. Duggan 1991-1995


       psbook(1), psselect(1), pstops(1), epsffit(1),  psnup(1),  psresize(1),
       psmerge(1),   fixscribeps(1),   getafm(1),   fixdlsrps(1),  fixfmps(1),
       fixmacps(1),  fixpsditps(1),  fixpspps(1),   fixtpps(1),   fixwfwps(1),
       fixwpps(1), fixwwps(1), extractres(1), includeres(1), showchar(1)


       PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.


       Psnup does not accept all DSC comments.

                        PSUtils Release 1 Patchlevel 17