knewsd - a tiny nntp demon
knewsd [ options ]
Knewsd is intended to be used with knews(1) to read news (in)directly
from the spool directory or even from a mail folder hierarchy. It
reads NNTP commands from standard input and writes replies to standard
output. The following commands are implemented:
Return the head and/or body of the current or the specified
article. Message-id lookups are not supported.
Enters the given newsgroup.
Gives a list of the implemented commands.
LIST [active | newsgroups]
Lists the active file or the newsgroups file.
Changes the current article pointer to the next article
Post an article via the specified posting agent. If none has
been specified, the reply will be ’440 Posting not implemented.’
Makes knewsd exit.
Sets the current article pointer.
Returns the overview data for the specified range of articles.
Knewsd implements the ’xover’ command either by using the overview
files if present, or creating overview records on the fly, or a
combination of both if the overview file is incomplete. In the latter
case, if the -update flag is given, knewsd will update the overview
There is no need to spell out the entire option name, it is sufficient
to give a unique prefix, such as -a for -active.
This is the spool directory. It must be specified, either at
compile time or at run time.
This is the active file containing the newsgroups and the high
and low article counts. If this is not specifed, knews must be
told not to try to read the active file.
This is the newsgroups file containing the group descriptions.
It’s entirely optional.
This can be used if the overview files reside in a different
directory hierarchy than the spool directory.
If this is set, knewsd will (try to) update any incomplete
overview files it encounters. Not a good idea if you’re reading
a system wide spool directory.
If this is set, the ’agent’ will be used to post articles. A
possible agent is ’exec inews -h’. This command is interpreted
by the shell, and it is important that it is exec’ed, so that
knewsd may kill it on a broken pipe to prevent posting of
duplicate or truncated articles. Knewsd will warn about this on
This software is Copyright 1995, 1996 by Karl-Johan Johnsson.