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       infocmp - compare or print out terminfo descriptions


       infocmp [-1CEFGILTUVcdegilnpqrtux]
             [-v n] [-s d| i| l| c] [-R subset]
             [-w width] [-A directory] [-B directory]


       infocmp  can  be  used  to  compare  a binary terminfo entry with other
       terminfo entries, rewrite a terminfo description to take  advantage  of
       the  use=  terminfo field, or print out a terminfo description from the
       binary file (term) in a variety of formats.  In all cases, the  boolean
       fields  will be printed first, followed by the numeric fields, followed
       by the string fields.

   Default Options
       If no options are specified and zero or one  termnames  are  specified,
       the -I option will be assumed.  If more than one termname is specified,
       the -d option will be assumed.

   Comparison Options [-d] [-c] [-n]
       infocmp  compares  the  terminfo  description  of  the  first  terminal
       termname  with  each  of  the descriptions given by the entries for the
       other terminal’s termnames.  If a capability is defined for only one of
       the  terminals,  the  value  returned  will  depend  on the type of the
       capability: F for boolean variables, -1 for integer variables, and NULL
       for string variables.

       The  -d  option  produces  a  list of each capability that is different
       between two entries.  This option is  useful  to  show  the  difference
       between  two  entries,  created  by  different  people, for the same or
       similar terminals.

       The -c option produces a list of each capability that is common between
       two  entries.   Capabilities that are not set are ignored.  This option
       can be used as a quick check to see if the -u option is worth using.

       The -n option produces a list of each capability  that  is  in  neither
       entry.   If  no termnames are given, the environment variable TERM will
       be used for both of the termnames.  This can be used as a  quick  check
       to see if anything was left out of a description.

   Source Listing Options [-I] [-L] [-C] [-r]
       The  -I,  -L,  and  -C  options  will produce a source listing for each
       terminal named.

            -I   use the terminfo names
            -L   use the long C variable name listed in <term.h>
            -C   use the termcap names
            -r   when using -C, put out all capabilities in termcap form

       If no termnames are given, the environment variable TERM will  be  used
       for the terminal name.

       The  source produced by the -C option may be used directly as a termcap
       entry, but not all parameterized strings can be changed to the  termcap
       format.   infocmp  will  attempt  to  convert most of the parameterized
       information, and anything not converted will be plainly marked  in  the
       output and commented out.  These should be edited by hand.

       All  padding  information  for  strings  will be collected together and
       placed at the  beginning  of  the  string  where  termcap  expects  it.
       Mandatory padding (padding information with a trailing ’/’) will become

       All termcap variables no longer supported by terminfo,  but  which  are
       derivable  from  other  terminfo  variables,  will  be output.  Not all
       terminfo capabilities will be translated; only  those  variables  which
       were part of termcap will normally be output.  Specifying the -r option
       will take off this restriction, allowing all capabilities to be  output
       in termcap form.

       Note  that  because  padding  is  collected  to  the  beginning  of the
       capability, not all capabilities are output.  Mandatory padding is  not
       supported.   Because  termcap  strings  are  not as flexible, it is not
       always possible  to  convert  a  terminfo  string  capability  into  an
       equivalent termcap format.  A subsequent conversion of the termcap file
       back into terminfo format will not necessarily reproduce  the  original
       terminfo source.

       Some  common  terminfo  parameter sequences, their termcap equivalents,
       and some terminal types which commonly have such sequences, are:

           terminfo                    termcap   Representative Terminals
           %p1%c                       %.        adm
           %p1%d                       %d        hp, ANSI standard, vt100
           %p1%x%+%c                 %+x       concept
           %i                          %iq       ANSI standard, vt100
           %p1%?%x%>%t%p1%y%+%;    %>xy      concept
           %p2 is printed before %p1   %r        hp

   Use= Option [-u]
       The -u option produces a  terminfo  source  description  of  the  first
       terminal  termname  which  is  relative  to the sum of the descriptions
       given by the entries for the other terminals termnames.  It  does  this
       by  analyzing  the differences between the first termname and the other
       termnames and producing a description with use= fields  for  the  other
       terminals.  In this manner, it is possible to retrofit generic terminfo
       entries into a terminal’s description.  Or, if  two  similar  terminals
       exist, but were coded at different times or by different people so that
       each description is a full description, using infocmp  will  show  what
       can be done to change one description to be relative to the other.

       A  capability  will  get  printed  with  an at-sign (@) if it no longer
       exists in the first termname, but one of  the  other  termname  entries
       contains  a  value  for  it.   A capability’s value gets printed if the
       value in the first termname is not found in any of the  other  termname
       entries,  or  if  the first of the other termname entries that has this
       capability gives a different value for the capability than that in  the
       first termname.

       The  order  of  the  other  termname entries is significant.  Since the
       terminfo compiler tic does a left-to-right scan  of  the  capabilities,
       specifying two use= entries that contain differing entries for the same
       capabilities will produce different results depending on the order that
       the  entries  are given in.  infocmp will flag any such inconsistencies
       between the other termname entries as they are found.

       Alternatively, specifying a capability after a use= entry that contains
       that  capability  will  cause  the  second specification to be ignored.
       Using infocmp to recreate a description can be a useful check  to  make
       sure  that  everything  was  specified correctly in the original source

       Another error that does not cause incorrect compiled  files,  but  will
       slow  down  the  compilation time, is specifying extra use= fields that
       are superfluous.  infocmp will flag any other termname use= fields that
       were not needed.

   Changing Databases [-A directory] [-B directory]
       The  location  of  the  compiled  terminfo  database  is taken from the
       environment variable TERMINFO .  If the variable is not defined, or the
       terminal  is  not found in that location, the system terminfo database,
       in /usr/share/terminfo, will be used.  The options -A  and  -B  may  be
       used  to  override  this location.  The -A option will set TERMINFO for
       the first termname and the -B option will set TERMINFO  for  the  other
       termnames.   With  this,  it  is possible to compare descriptions for a
       terminal with the same name located in two different  databases.   This
       is  useful  for comparing descriptions for the same terminal created by
       different people.

   Other Options
       -1   causes the fields to be printed out one to a line.  Otherwise, the
            fields  will be printed several to a line to a maximum width of 60

       -a   tells infocmp to retain  commented-out  capabilities  rather  than
            discarding  them.   Capabilities  are  commented by prefixing them
            with a period.

       -E   Dump the capabilities of the given terminal as tables,  needed  in
            the   C   initializer  for  a  TERMTYPE  structure  (the  terminal
            capability structure in the <term.h>).  This option is useful  for
            preparing  versions  of  the  curses library hardwired for a given
            terminal type.  The tables are all declared static, and are  named
            according  to  the type and the name of the corresponding terminal

            Before ncurses 5.0, the split between the -e and  -E  options  was
            not  needed;  but  support  for extended names required making the
            arrays  of  terminal  capabilities  separate  from  the   TERMTYPE

       -e   Dump the capabilities of the given terminal as a C initializer for
            a TERMTYPE structure (the terminal  capability  structure  in  the
            <term.h>).   This  option  is useful for preparing versions of the
            curses library hardwired for a given terminal type.

       -F   compare terminfo files.  This assumes that two following arguments
            are  filenames.   The  files  are  searched  for  pairwise matches
            between entries, with two entries considered to match  if  any  of
            their  names  do.   The  report  printed  to standard output lists
            entries with no matches in the other file, and entries  with  more
            than  one match.  For entries with exactly one match it includes a
            difference report.  Normally, to reduce the volume of the  report,
            use  references  are  not resolved before looking for differences,
            but resolution can be forced by also specifying -r.

       -f   Display complex terminfo strings which contain  if/then/else/endif
            expressions indented for readability.

       -G   Display  constant  literals  in  decimal  form  rather  than their
            character equivalents.

       -g   Display constant character literals in  quoted  form  rather  than
            their decimal equivalents.

       -i   Analyze  the  initialization (is1, is2, is3), and reset (rs1, rs2,
            rs3), strings in the entry.  For each string, the  code  tries  to
            analyze  it into actions in terms of the other capabilities in the
            entry, certain X3.64/ISO 6429/ECMA-48  capabilities,  and  certain
            DEC  VT-series  private  modes  (the  set  of  recognized  special
            sequences has been selected for  completeness  over  the  existing
            terminfo  database).   Each report line consists of the capability
            name, followed by a colon  and  space,  followed  by  a  printable
            expansion   of   the  capability  string  with  sections  matching
            recognized  actions  translated  into  {}-bracketed  descriptions.
            Here is a list of the DEC/ANSI special sequences recognized: i.

                         Action        Meaning
                         RIS           full reset
                         SC            save cursor
                         RC            restore cursor
                         LL            home-down
                         RSR           reset scroll region
                         DECSTR        soft reset (VT320)
                         S7C1T         7-bit controls (VT220)
                         ISO DEC G0    enable DEC graphics for G0
                         ISO UK G0     enable UK chars for G0
                         ISO US G0     enable US chars for G0
                         ISO DEC G1    enable DEC graphics for G1
                         ISO UK G1     enable UK chars for G1
                         ISO US G1     enable US chars for G1
                         DECPAM        application keypad mode
                         DECPNM        normal keypad mode
                         DECANSI       enter ANSI mode
                         ECMA[+-]AM    keyboard action mode
                         ECMA[+-]IRM   insert replace mode
                         ECMA[+-]SRM   send receive mode
                         ECMA[+-]LNM   linefeed mode
                         DEC[+-]CKM    application cursor keys
                         DEC[+-]ANM    set VT52 mode
                         DEC[+-]COLM   132-column mode
                         DEC[+-]SCLM   smooth scroll
                         DEC[+-]SCNM   reverse video mode
                         DEC[+-]OM     origin mode
                         DEC[+-]AWM    wraparound mode
                         DEC[+-]ARM    auto-repeat mode

            It   also  recognizes  a  SGR  action  corresponding  to  ANSI/ISO
            6429/ECMA Set Graphics Rendition, with the  values  NORMAL,  BOLD,
            UNDERLINE,  BLINK,  and  REVERSE.   All but NORMAL may be prefixed
            with ‘+’ (turn on) or ‘-’ (turn off).

       An  SGR0  designates  an  empty  highlight  sequence   (equivalent   to

       -l   Set output format to terminfo.

       -p   Ignore padding specifications when comparing strings.

       -q   Make  the  comparison listing shorter by omitting subheadings, and
            using "-" for absent capabilities, "@" for  canceled  rather  than

            Restrict  output  to  a given subset.  This option is for use with
            archaic versions of terminfo like those on SVr1, Ultrix, or  HP/UX
            that  do not support the full set of SVR4/XSI Curses terminfo; and
            variants such as AIX that have their own  extensions  incompatible
            with  SVr4/XSI.   Available terminfo subsets are "SVr1", "Ultrix",
            "HP", and "AIX"; see terminfo(5) for details.  You can also choose
            the  subset  "BSD"  which  selects  only capabilities with termcap
            equivalents recognized by 4.4BSD.

       -s [d|i|l|c]
            The -s option sorts the fields within each type according  to  the
            argument below:

            d    leave  fields  in  the  order  that  they  are  stored in the
                 terminfo database.

            i    sort by terminfo name.

            l    sort by the long C variable name.

            c    sort by the termcap name.

            If the -s option is not given, the  fields  printed  out  will  be
            sorted  alphabetically  by  the  terminfo  name  within each type,
            except in the case of the -C or the -L options,  which  cause  the
            sorting  to  be  done  by  the termcap name or the long C variable
            name, respectively.

       -T   eliminates size-restrictions  on  the  generated  text.   This  is
            mainly  useful  for  testing  and  analysis,  since  the  compiled
            descriptions  are  limited  (e.g.,  1023  for  termcap,  4096  for

       -t   tells  tic  to  discard commented-out capabilities.  Normally when
            translating from terminfo to termcap, untranslatable  capabilities
            are commented-out.

       -U   tells  infocmp  to  not  post-process  the  data after parsing the
            source  file.   This  feature  helps  when  comparing  the  actual
            contents  of  two  source  files, since it excludes the inferences
            that infocmp makes to fill in missing data.

       -V   reports the version of ncurses which was used in this program, and

       -v n prints  out  tracing  information on standard error as the program
            runs.  Higher values of n induce greater verbosity.

       -w width
            changes the output to width characters.

       -x   print  information  for  user-defined  capabilities.   These   are
            extensions  to  the  terminfo repertoire which can be loaded using
            the -x option of tic.


       /usr/share/terminfo Compiled terminal description database.


       The -E, -F, -G, -R, -T, -V, -a, -e, -f, -g,  -i,  -l,  -p,  -q  and  -t
       options are not supported in SVr4 curses.

       The  -r  option’s  notion of ‘termcap’ capabilities is System V Release
       4’s.  Actual BSD curses versions will have a more restricted  set.   To
       see only the 4.4BSD set, use -r -RBSD.


       The -F option of infocmp(1) should be a toe(1) mode.


       captoinfo(1),    infotocap(1),   tic(1),   toe(1),   ncurses(3NCURSES),

       This describes ncurses version 5.7 (patch 20100626).


       Eric S. Raymond <> and
       Thomas E. Dickey <>