ikiwiki - a wiki compiler
ikiwiki [options] source destination
ikiwiki --setup setupfile
ikiwiki is a wiki compiler. It builds static HTML pages for a wiki,
from source in the ikiwiki/Markdown language (or others), and writes it
out to destination.
Note that most options can be shortened to single letters, and boolean
flags such as --verbose can be negated with --no-verbose.
These options control the mode that ikiwiki operates in.
Refresh the wiki, updating any changed pages. This is the
default behavior so you don't normally need to specify it.
Force a rebuild of all pages.
The default action when --setup is specified is to automatically
generate wrappers for a wiki based on data in a setup file, and
rebuild the wiki. If you only want to build any changed pages,
you can use --refresh with --setup.
Reads the setup file, adds any configuration changes specified
by other options, and writes the new configuration back to the
setup file. Also updates any configured wrappers. In this mode,
the wiki is not fully rebuilt, unless you also add --rebuild.
Example, to enable some plugins:
ikiwiki --changesetup ~/ikiwiki.setup --plugin goodstuff
Causes ikiwiki to write to the specified setup file, dumping out
its current configuration.
If used with --setup --refresh, this makes it also update any
This makes ikiwiki clean up by removing any files it denerated
in the destination directory, as well as any configured
wrappers, and the .ikiwiki state directory. This is mostly
useful if you're running ikiwiki in a Makefile to build
documentation and want a corresponding clean target.
--cgi Enable CGI mode. In cgi mode ikiwiki runs as a cgi script, and
supports editing pages, signing in, and registration.
To use ikiwiki as a CGI program you need to use --wrapper or
--setup to generate a wrapper. The wrapper will generally need
to run suid 6755 to the user who owns the source and destination
Generate a wrapper binary that is hardcoded to do action
specified by the other options, using the specified input files
and destination directory. The filename to use for the wrapper
The wrapper is designed to be safely made suid and be run by
untrusted users, as a post-commit hook, or as a CGI.
Note that the generated wrapper will ignore all command line
If the plugins/aggregate plugin is enabled, this makes ikiwiki
poll configured feeds and save new posts to the srcdir.
Note that to rebuild previously aggregated posts, use the
--rebuild option along with this one. --rebuild will also force
feeds to be polled even if they were polled recently.
Renders a single file, outputting the resulting html. Does not
save state, so this cannot be used for building whole wikis, but
it is useful for previewing an edited file at the command line.
Generally used in conjunction with --setup to load in a wiki's
ikiwiki --setup ~/ikiwiki.setup --render foo.mdwn
Run in post-commit mode, the same as if called by a post-commit
hook. This is probably only useful when using ikiwiki with a
web server on one host and a repository on another, to allow the
repository's real post-commit hook to ssh to the web server host
and manually run ikiwiki to update the web site.
Print ikiwiki's version number.
These options configure the wiki. Note that plugins can add additional
configuration options of their own. All of these options and more
besides can also be configured using a setup file.
The name of the wiki, default is "wiki".
Specify the directory that templates are stored in. Default is
/usr/share/ikiwiki/templates, or another location as configured
at build time. If the templatedir is changed, missing templates
will still be searched for in the default location as a
fallback. Templates can also be placed in the "templates/"
subdirectory of the srcdir.
Note that if you choose to copy and modify ikiwiki's templates,
you will need to be careful to keep them up to date when
upgrading to new versions of ikiwiki. Old versions of templates
do not always work with new ikiwiki versions.
Specify the directory that is used to underlay the source
directory. Source files will be taken from here unless
overridden by a file in the source directory. Default is
/usr/share/ikiwiki/basewiki or another location as configured at
Specify a mode to chmod the wrapper to after creating it.
Specify what unix group the wrapper should be owned by. This can
be useful if the wrapper needs to be owned by a group other than
the default. For example, if a project has a repository with
multiple committers with access controlled by a group, it makes
sense for the ikiwiki wrappers to run setgid to that group.
Enable or disable use of a revision_control_system.
The source directory will be assumed to be a working copy, or
clone, or whatever the revision control system you select uses.
In CGI mode, with a revision control system enabled, pages
edited via the web will be committed.
No revision control is enabled by default.
Specify the location of the svn repository for the wiki.
Specify the path inside your svn repository where the wiki is
located. This defaults to trunk; change it if your wiki is at
some other path inside the repository. If your wiki is rooted at
the top of the repository, set svnpath to "".
If rss is set, ikiwiki will default to generating RSS feeds for
pages that inline a blog.
If allowrss is set, and rss is not set, ikiwiki will not default
to generating RSS feeds, but setting rss=yes in the inline
directive can override this default and generate a feed.
If atom is set, ikiwiki will default to generating Atom feeds
for pages that inline a blog.
If allowatom is set, and rss is not set, ikiwiki will not
default to generating Atom feeds, but setting atom=yes in the
inline directive can override this default and generate a feed.
Set this to the URL of an XML-RPC service to ping when an RSS
feed is updated. For example, to ping Technorati, use the URL
This parameter can be specified multiple times to specify more
than one URL to ping.
Specifies the URL to the wiki. This is a required parameter in
Specifies the URL to the ikiwiki CGI script wrapper. Required
when building the wiki for links to the cgi script to be
Specifies the URL to link to for page history browsing. In the
URL, "[[file]]" is replaced with the file to browse. It's common
to use ViewVC for this.
Specifies the email address that ikiwiki should use for sending
Specifies the URL to link to for a diff of changes to a page. In
the URL, "[[file]]" is replaced with the file to browse,
"[[r1]]" is the old revision of the page, and "[[r2]]" is the
new revision. It's common to use ViewVC for this.
Specifies a rexexp of source files to exclude from processing.
May be specified multiple times to add to exclude list.
Specifies a rexexp of source files, that would normally be
excluded, but that you wish to include in processing. May be
specified multiple times to add to include list.
Specifies a username of a user (or, if openid is enabled, an
openid) who has the powers of a wiki admin. Currently allows
locking of any page, and banning users; other powers may be
added later. May be specified multiple times for multiple
For an openid user specify the full URL of the login, including
Enables the use of the specified plugin in the wiki. Note that
plugin names are case sensitive.
Disables use of a plugin. For example "--disable-plugin
htmlscrubber" to do away with HTML sanitization.
Makes ikiwiki look in the specified directory first, before the
regular locations when loading library files and plugins. For
example, if you set libdir to "/home/you/.ikiwiki/", you can
install a foo.pm plugin as
Enables or disables "Discussion" links from being added to the
header of every page. The links are enabled by default.
Controls how many backlinks should be displayed at the bottom of
a page. Excess backlinks will be hidden in a popup. Default is
10. Set to 0 to disable this feature.
Optionally, allows links to users of the wiki to link to pages
inside a subdirectory of the wiki. The default is to link to
pages in the toplevel directory of the wiki.
Configures the extension used for generated html files. Default
Specify how to display the time or date. The format string is
passed to the strftime(3) function.
Be verbose about what is being done.
Log to syslog(3).
Toggle creating output files named page/index.html (default)
instead of page.html.
Toggle new '!'-prefixed syntax for preprocessor directives.
ikiwiki currently defaults to --prefix-directives.
Enable w3mmode, which allows w3m to use ikiwiki as a local CGI
script, without a web server.
Only send cookies over an SSL connection. This should prevent
them being intercepted. If you enable this option then you must
run at least the CGI portion of ikiwiki over SSL.
Extract creation and modification times for each new page from
the the revision control's log. This is done automatically when
building a wiki for the first time, so you normally do not need
to use this option.
This allows setting an arbitrary configuration variable, the
same as if it were set via a setup file. Since most commonly
used options can be configured using command-line switches, you
will rarely need to use this.
This is like --set, but it allows setting configuration
variables that use complex data structures, by passing in a YAML
ikiwiki --setup my.setup
Completly (re)build the wiki using the specified setup file.
ikiwiki --setup my.setup --refresh
Refresh the wiki, using settings from my.setup, and avoid
rebuilding any pages that have not changed. This is faster.
ikiwiki --setup my.setup --refresh --wrappers
Refresh the wiki, including regnerating all wrapper programs,
but do not rebuild all pages. Useful if you have changed
something in the setup file that does not need a full wiki
rebuild to update all pages, but that you want to immediatly
This controls what C compiler is used to build wrappers. Default
CFLAGS This can be used to pass options to the C compiler when building
Joey Hess <firstname.lastname@example.org>