gpgv - Verify OpenPGP signatures
gpgv [options] signed_files
gpgv is an OpenPGP signature verification tool.
This program is actually a stripped-down version of gpg which is only
able to check signatures. It is somewhat smaller than the fully-blown
gpg and uses a different (and simpler) way to check that the public
keys used to make the signature are valid. There are no configuration
files and only a few options are implemented.
gpgv assumes that all keys in the keyring are trustworthy. By default
it uses a keyring named ‘trustedkeys.gpg’ which is assumed to be in the
home directory as defined by GnuPG or set by an option or an
environment variable. An option may be used to specify another keyring
or even multiple keyrings.
The program returns 0 if everything is fine, 1 if at least one
signature was bad, and other error codes for fatal errors.
gpgv recognizes these options:
-v Gives more information during processing. If used twice, the
input data is listed in detail.
-q Try to be as quiet as possible.
Add file to the list of keyrings. If file begins with a tilde
and a slash, these are replaced by the HOME directory. If the
filename does not contain a slash, it is assumed to be in the
home-directory ("~/.gnupg" if --homedir is not used).
Write special status strings to the file descriptor n. See the
file DETAILS in the documentation for a listing of them.
Write log output to file descriptor n and not to stderr.
GnuPG normally checks that the timestamps associated with keys
and signatures have plausible values. However, sometimes a
signature seems to be older than the key due to clock problems.
This option turns these checks into warnings.
Set the name of the home directory to dir. If this option is not
used, the home directory defaults to ‘~/.gnupg’. It is only
recognized when given on the command line. It also overrides
any home directory stated through the environment variable
‘GNUPGHOME’ or (on W32 systems) by means of the Registry entry
gpgv sigfile [datafile]
Verify the signature of the file. The second form is used for
detached signatures, where sigfile is the detached signature
(either ASCII-armored or binary) and datafile contains the
signed data; if datafile is "-" the signed data is expected on
stdin; if datafile is not given the name of the file holding the
signed data is constructed by cutting off the extension (".asc",
".sig" or ".sign") from sigfile.
The default keyring with the allowed keys.
HOME Used to locate the default home directory.
If set directory used instead of "~/.gnupg".
The full documentation for this tool is maintained as a Texinfo manual.
If GnuPG and the info program are properly installed at your site, the
should give you access to the complete manual including a menu
structure and an index.