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       fim - fbi (linux framebuffer imageviewer) improved


       fim [ options ] [--] files ...

       ... | fim [ options ] [--] [ files ] - ...

       fim - [ options ] < file_name_list_text_file

       fim -i [ options ] < image_file_name

       fim -p [ options ] < fim_script_file_name


       fim  displays  the  specified  file(s)  on  the linux console using the
       framebuffer device.  jpeg,  ppm,  gif,  tiff,  xwd,  bmp  and  png  are
       supported  directly.   For  ’xcf’  (Gimp’s) images, fim will try to use
       ’xcftopnm’.   For  ’.fig’  vectorial  images,  fim  will  try  to   use
       ’fig2dev’.   For  ’.dia’  vectorial  images, fim will try to use ’dia’.
       For ’.svg’ vectorial images, fim will try to use ’inkscape’.  For other
       formats fim will try to use ImageMagick’s ’convert’.

       Please  note  that the full documentation of fim is in the FIM.TXT file
       distributed in the source package.  This man page  only  describes  the
       fim command line switches.


       --     The  arguments  before  --  beginning  with - will be treated as
              command line switches.  All arguments after -- will  be  treated
              as filenames regardlessly.

       -a, --autozoom
              Enable  autozoom.  fim will automagically pick a reasonable zoom
              factor when loading a new image. (as in fbi)

       -b, --binary[=24|1]
              Display (any filetype) binary files contents as they were raw 24
              or  1  bits  per  pixel pixelmaps.  Will pad with zeros.  Regard
              this as a toy..

       -c {commands}, --execute-commands {commands}
              The  commands  string  will  be  executed  before  entering  the
              interactive  loop.   Please  note that if your commands are more
              complicated than a simple ’next’  or  ’pornview’  command,  they
              must be quoted and escaped in a manner suitable for your shell!!

              For example, -c  ’*2;2pan_up;display;while(1){bottom_align;sleep
              "1" ; top_align}’

              (with  the  single  quotes)  will  tell  fim to first double the
              displayed image size, then pan two times up,  then  display  the
              image ; and then do an endless loop consisting of bottom and top
              aligning, alternated.

       -d {device}, --device {device}
              framebuffer device to use.  Default is the one your vc is mapped
              to (as in fbi).

              Will dump to stdout the reference help.

       -D, --dump-default-fimrc
              The default fimrc file (the one hardcoded in the fim executable)
              is dumped on standard output and fim exits.

       -E {scriptfile}, --execute-script {scriptfile}
              The  scriptfile  will  be  executed  right  after  the   default
              initialization file is executed.

       -f , --etc-fimrc
              The  /etc/fimrc  file  will  be  executed  prior  to  any  other
              configuration file.  If not specified, it is *ignored*.

       -F {commands}, --final-commands {commands}
              The  commands  string  will  be  executed  after   exiting   the
              interactive  loop  of  the program (right before terminating the

       -h, --help
              display help and terminate the program.

       -i, --image-from-stdin
              Will read one single image from the  standard  input  (yes:  the
              image,  not the filename).  May not work with all supported file

       -m {mode}, --mode {mode}
              name of the video mode to use video  mode  (must  be  listed  in
              /etc/fb.modes).   Default  is  not to change the video mode.  In
              the past, the XF86 config  file  (/etc/X11/XF86Config)  used  to
              contain   Modeline  information,  which  could  be  fed  to  the
              modeline2fb perl  script  (distributed  with  fbset).   On  many
              modern  xorg  based  systems, there is no direct way to obtain a
              fb.modes file from the xorg.conf file.   So  instead  one  could
              obtain  useful  fb.modes info by using the (fbmodes (no man page
              AFAIK)) tool, written by bisqwit.  An  unsupported  mode  should
              make fim exit with failure.  But it is possible the kernel could
              trick fim and set a supported mode automatically, thus  ignoring
              the user set mode.

       -N, --no-rc-file
              No  initialization  file  will  be read (default is ~/.fimrc) at

       -p, --script-from-stdin
              Will read commands from stdin prior to entering  in  interactive

       -o {device}, --output-device {device}
              Will  use  the  specified  device  as  fim  video output device,
              overriding automatic checks.  The available  devices  depend  on
              the  original  configuration/compilation  options, so you should
              get the list of available output devices issuing fim  --version.
              It will probably be a subset  of {sdl, fb, aa, caca, dumb}.

       --offset {offset}
              Will  use  the  specified  offset  (in  bytes)  for  opening the
              specified files (useful  for  viewing  images  on  damaged  file

       -P, --text-reading
              Enable  textreading  mode.   This  has  the effect that fim will
              display images scaled to the width of the screen, and aligned to
              the  top.  Useful if the images you are watching text pages, all
              you have to do to get the next piece of text is to  press  space
              (in the default key configuration, of course).

       -s {n}, --scroll {n}
              set scroll steps in pixels (default is 50).

       -S, --sanity-check
              a quick sanity check before starting fim.

       -t, --no-framebuffer
              Fim  will  not  use  the  framebuffer  but the aalib (ascii art)
              driver instead (if you are curious, see (info aalib)).  If aalib
              was   not  enabled  at  tompile  time,  fim  will  work  without
              displaying images at all.

       -T {terminal}, --vt {terminal}
              The terminal will be used as virtual terminal device file (as in
              fbi).   See  (chvt  (1)), (openvt (1)) for more info about this.
              Use (con2fb (1)) to map a terminal to a framebuffer device.

       -v, --verbose
              be verbose: show status bar.

       -V, --version
              display version and compile flags, and then terminate.

       -w, --autowidth
              Will adapt the image size to the screen size.

       -W {scriptout}, --write-scriptout {scriptout}
              All the characters that  you  type  are  recorded  in  the  file
              {scriptout},  until you exit Fim.  This is  useful  if  you want
              to create a script file to be used  with  "fim  -c"  or  ":exec"
              (analogous to Vim’s -s and ":source!").  If the {scriptout} file
              exists, it will be not touched (as in Vim’s -w).

       -      Reads file list from stdin.

              Note that these the three standard input reading functionalities
              (-i,-p  and  -)  conflict  : if two or more of them occur in fim
              invocation, fim will exit with  an  error  and  warn  about  the

              See  the section EXAMPLES below to read some useful (and unique)
              ways of employing fim.


       cursor keys     scroll large images
       h,j,k,l        scroll large images left,down,up,right
       +, -            zoom in/out
       ESC, q          quit
       Tab             toggle output console visualization
       PgUp,p            previous image
       PgDn,n            next image
       Space             next image if on bottom, scroll down instead
       Return          next image, write the filename of the current image to stdout on exit from the program.
       m              mirror
       f              flip
       r              rotate by 90  degrees
       d,x,D,X        diagonal scroll
       C-w            scale to the screen width
       H              scale to the screen heigth
       m              mark the current file for printing its name when terminating fim

       :{number}       jump to {number}^th image in the list
       :^           jump to first image in the list
       :$           jump to last image in the list
       :*{factor}      scale the image by {factor}
       :{scale}%       scale the image to the desired {scale}
       :+{scale}%       scale the image up to the desired percentage {scale} (relatively to the original)
       :-{scale}%       scale the image down to the desired percentage {scale} (relatively to the original)

       /regexp         entering the pattern {regexp} (with /) makes fim jump to the next image whose filename matches {regexp}
       /*.png$         entering this pattern (with /) makes fim jump to the next image whose filename ends with ’png’
       /png       a shortcut for /.*png.*

       !{cmd}         executes the {cmd} string as a "/bin/sh" shell command

       C-n        after entering in search mode (/) and submitting a pattern, C-n (pressing the Control and the n key together) will jump to the next matching filename
       C-c        terminate instantaneously fim
       T          split horizontally the current window
       V          split vertically the current window
       C          close  the currently focused window
       H          change the currently focused window with the one on the left
       J          change the currently focused window with the lower
       K          change the currently focused window with the upper
       L          change the currently focused window with the one on the right
       U          swap the currently focused window with the split sibling one (it is not my intention to be obscure, but precise  : try V, m,  U and see by yourself :) )
       d         move the image diagonally north-west
       D         move the image diagonally south-east
       x         move the image diagonally north-east
       X         move the image diagonally south-west
       m         mirror
       f         flip
       r         rotate

       You can visualize all of the default bindings invoking fim --dump-default-fimrc | grep bind .
       You can visualize all of the default aliases invoking fim  --dump-default-fimrc | grep alias .

       The Return vs. Space key thing can be used to create a file list  while
       reviewing the images and use the list for batch processing later on.

       All  of  the  key  bindings  are reconfigurable; please see the default
       fimrc file for examples on this,  or  read  the  complete  manual:  the
       FIM.TXT file distributed with fim.


       FBFONT         (just like in fbi) a consolefont or a X11 (X Font Server - xfs) font file.
                      For instance,  /usr/share/consolefonts/LatArCyrHeb-08.psfu.gz is a Linux console file.
                      Consult ’man setfont’ for your current font paths.
                      NOTE : Currently xfs is disabled.
       FBGAMMA        (just like in fbi) gamma correction.
       FRAMEBUFFER    (just like in fbi) if set, will override user set framebuffer device file.
       TERM      (only in fim: see the default fimrc) will influence the output device selection algorithm, especially if $TERM=="screen"


       fim  needs  read-write  access  to the framebuffer devices (/dev/fbN or
       /dev/fb/N), i.e you (our your admin) have to make sure fim can open the
       devices  in  rw  mode.  The IMHO most elegant way is to use pam_console
       (see /etc/security/console.perms) to chown  the  devices  to  the  user
       logged  in  on the console.  Another way is to create some group, chown
       the special files to that group and put the users which are allowed  to
       use  the  framebuffer  device  into  the  group.  You can also make the
       special files world writable, but be aware of the security implications
       this  has.   On  a  private  box it might be fine to handle it this way

       If        using        udev,        you        can        edit        :
       /etc/udev/permissions.d/50-udev.permissions  and  set  these lines like
       here :
        # fb devices

       fim also needs access to the linux console (i.e.  /dev/ttyN)  for  sane
       console  switch  handling.   That  is  obviously no problem for console
       logins, but any kind of a pseudo tty (xterm, ssh, screen, ...) will not


       find /mnt/media/ -name *.jpg | fim -

       #will make fim read the file list from standard input.

       find /mnt/media/ -name *.jpg | shuf | fim -

       #will  make  fim  read  the  file  list  from  standard input, randomly

       c cat script.fim | fim -p images/*

       #will make fim read the script  file  script.fim  from  standard  input
       prior to displaying files in the directory images

       scanimage ... | tee scan.ppm | fim -i

       #will make fim read the image scanned from a flatbed scanner as soon as
       it is read

       fim * > selection.txt

       #will output the file names marked interactively with ’m’ in fim  to  a

       fim * | fim -

       #will output the file names marked with ’m’ in fim to a second instance
       of fim, in which these could be marked again.


       fim has bugs. Please read the BUGS file shipped  in  the  documentation
       directory to discover the known ones.


                      The Fim documentation files.

       /etc/fimrc     System wide Fim initialization file (executed on startup
                      if no personal initialization file exist).

       ~/.fimrc       Your  personal  Fim  initialization  file  (executed  on
                      startup, if existent).


       fimgs(1),   fbset(1),   con2fb(1),   convert(1),  vim(1),  fb.modes(8),
       fbset(8), fbgrab(1), fbdev(4), setfont(8), xfs(1)


       Michele Martone <dezperado _ GUESS _> is the author of fim, "fbi improved".
       Gerd Knorr <kraxel _ GUESS _> is the original author of fbi, upon which this code is based.


       Copyright (C) 2007-2009 Michele Martone <dezperado _ GUESS _>
       Copyright (C) 1999-2000 Gerd Knorr <kraxel _ GUESS _>

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
       it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
       the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
       (at your option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
       along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
        Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

                         (c) 2007-2009 Michele Martone                  fim(1)