dvipdfm - Produce PDF files directly from DVI files
dvipdfm [options] file[.dvi]
The program dvipdfm generates a PDF file from a DVI file. DVI files
are the output format produced by TeX. Output from groff can be
converted to DVI format using grodvi.
The program dvipdfm recognizes several commonly used \special commands,
which are extensions to the DVI format. Specifically, it understands
color specials, papersize specials, tpic specials (which allow it to be
used with pic), hypertex specials, and some PostScript specials. These
extensions allow documents to contain color, figures, and hyperlinks.
The program tries to mimic the behavior of dvips so that many macro
packages produced for use with dvips will work with dvipdfm. Dvipdfm
understands its own specific \special commands to allow access to PDF
features such as annotations and bookmarks. For more details, consult
the Dvipdfm Users Manual, which is distributed with dvipdfm.
-c Ignore color \specials. The -c toggles a flag that disables color
\special processing. Unless changed in the configuration file,
that flag is off, and color \specials are interpreted normally.
The -c option may be used to produce a black and white document
from a document containing color TeX \special commands.
-d Remove thumbnail images after including them. (See the -t option
for more information.)
-e Toggle partial font embedding flag. If partial font embedding is
off, embedded fonts are fully embedded. The default, if not
changed in the configuration file, is to embed only those glyphs
actually used in the document.
Set the name of the font map file to map_file. The format of the
font map file is documented in the Dvipdfm Users Manual.
-l Select landscape mode. In other words, exchange the x and y
dimensions of the paper.
Magnify the input document by mag.
Generate PDF output file having the name name. By default, the
name of the output file is file.pdf.
Select the papersize by name (e.g., letter, legal, ledger,
tabloid, a3, a4, or a5 )
Set resolution of bitmapped fonts to size dots per inch.
Bitmapped fonts are generated by the Kpathsea library, which uses
MetaFont. Bitmapped fonts are included as type 3 fonts in the PDF
Select the pages of the DVI file to be converted. The
page_specifications consists of a comma separated list of
page_specifications := page_specification[,page_specifications]
page_specification := single_page|page_range
page_range := [first_page]-[last_page]
An empty first_page is implied to be the first page of the DVI
file. An empty last_page is treated as the last page of the DVI
includes pages 1, 3, and 5;
-s - includes all pages;
includes two copies of all pages in the DVI file; and
includes the first ten pages of the DVI file.
-t Search for thumbnail images of each page in the directory named by
the TMPDIR environment variable. The thumbnail images must be
named in a specific format. They must have the same base name as
the DVI file and they must have the page number as the extension
to the file name. Dvipdfm does not generate the thumbnails
itself, but it is distributed with a wrapper program named dvipdft
that does so.
-v Increase verbosity. Results of the -v option are cumulative
(e.g., -vv ) increases the verbosity by two increments.
Set the left margin to x_offset. The default left margin is
1.0in. The dimension may be specified in any units understood by
TeX (e.g., bpt, pt, in, cm )
Set the top margin to y_offset. The default top margin is 1.0in.
The dimension may be specified in any units understood by TeX
(e.g., bpt, pt, in, cm )
Set the compression level to compression_level. Compressions
levels range from 0 (no compression) to 9 (maximum compression)
and correspond to the values understood by zlib.
Dvipdfm uses the kpathsea library for locating the files that it opens.
Hence, the environment variables documented in the Kpathsea library
documentation influence dvipdfm.
Dvipdfm also reads the following environment variables:
TMP The directory to search for thumbnail images of each page.
The precise location of the following files is determined by the
Kpathsea library configuration. The location may be determined by
using kpsewhich, e.g.,
kpsewhich -progname=dvipdfm -format=’other text files’ config
The default font map file (this name may be changed in the config
TeX font metrics
*.vf TeX virtual font files
PostScript Type 1 font files
The Kpathsea library configuration file. The location of this
file may be found by typing
tex(1), dvips(1), groff(1), grodvi(1), pic(1), and the Kpathsea library
Mark A. Wicks <firstname.lastname@example.org>