drill - get (debug) information out of DNS(SEC)
drill [ OPTIONS ] name [ @server ] [ type ] [ class ]
drill is a tool to designed to get all sorts of information out of the
DNS. It is specificly designed to be used with DNSSEC.
The name drill is a pun on dig. With drill you should be able get even
more information than with dig.
If no arguments are given class defaults to ’IN’ and type to ’A’. The
server(s) specified in /etc/resolv.conf are used to query against.
name Ask for this name.
@server Send to query to this server. If not specified use the
nameservers from /etc/resolv.conf.
type Ask for this RR type. If type is not given on the command line it
defaults to ’A’. Except when doing to reverse lookup when it defaults
class Use this class when querying.
drill mx miek.nl Show the MX records of the domain miek.nl
drill -S jelte.nlnetlabs.nl
Chase any signatures in the jelte.nlnetlab.nl domain. This
option is only available when ldns has been compiled with
drill -TD www.example.com
Do a DNSSEC (-D) trace (-T) from the rootservers down to
www.example.com. This option only works when ldns has been
compiled with openssl support.
drill -s dnskey jelte.nlnetlabs.nl
Show the DNSKEY record(s) for jelte.nlnetlabs.nl. For each found
DNSKEY record also print the DS record.
-D Enable DNSSEC in the query. When querying for DNSSEC types
(DNSKEY, RRSIG, DS and NSEC) this is not automaticly enabled.
-T Trace name from the root down. When using this option the
@server and the type arguments are not used.
-S Chase the signature(s) of ’name’ to a known key or as high up in
the tree as possible.
Be more verbose. Set level to 5 to see the actual query that is
-Q Quiet mode, this overrules -V.
Read the query from a file. The query must be dumped with -w.
read the answer from the file instead from the network. This
aids in debugging and can be used to check if a query on disk is
valid. If the file contains binary data it is assumed to be a
query in network order.
Write an answer packet to file.
Write the query packet to file.
-v Show drill’s version.
-h Show a short help message.
-4 Stay on ip4. Only send queries to ip4 enabled nameservers.
-6 Stay on ip6. Only send queries to ip6 enabled nameservers.
-a Use the resolver structure’s fallback mechanism if the answer is
truncated (TC=1). If a truncated packet is received and this
option is set, drill will first send a new query with EDNS0
buffer size 4096.
If the EDNS0 buffer size was already set to 512+ bytes, or the
above retry also results in a truncated answer, the resolver
structure will fall back to TCP.
Use size as the buffer size in the EDNS0 pseudo RR.
Use file instead of /etc/resolv.conf for nameserver
When tracing (-T), start from this domain instead of the root.
-t Use TCP/IP when querying a server
Use this file to read a (trusted) key from. When this options is
given drill tries to validate the current answer with this key.
No chasing is done. When drill is doing a secure trace, this key
will be used as trust anchor.
Use this option to set or unset specific header bits. A bit is
set by using the bit mnemonic in CAPITAL letters. A bit is unset
when the mnemonic is given in lowercase. The following mnemonics
are understood by drill:
QR, qr: set, unset QueRy (default: on)
AA, aa: set, unset Authoritative Answer (default: off)
TC, tc: set, unset TrunCated (default: off)
RD, rd: set, unset Recursion Desired (default: on)
CD, cd: set, unset Checking Disabled (default: off)
RA, ra: set, unset Recursion Available (default: off)
AD, ad: set, unset Authenticated Data (default: off)
Thus: -o CD, will enable Checking Disabled, which instructs the
cache to not validate the answers it gives out.
Use this port instead of the default of 53.
When tracing (-T), use file as a root servers hint file.
-s When encountering a DNSKEY print the equivalent DS also.
-u Use UDP when querying a server. This is the default.
write the answer to a file. The file will contain a hexadecimal
dump of the query. This can be used in conjunction with -f.
-x Do a reverse loopup. The type argument is not used, it is preset
specify named base64 tsig key, and optional an algorithm
(defaults to hmac-md5.sig-alg.reg.int)
-z don’t randomize the nameserver list before sending queries.
Jelte Jansen and Miek Gieben. Both of NLnet Labs.
Report bugs to <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Copyright (c) 2004-2008 NLnet Labs. Licensed under the revised BSD
license. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
28 May 2006 drill(1)