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       pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX


       pdftex [options] [& format ] [ file | \ commands ]


       Run  the  pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the
       file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead
       of  a  filename,  a  set  of pdfTeX commands can be given, the first of
       which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument pdfTeX uses
       a different set of precompiled commands, contained in format.fmt; it is
       usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

       pdfTeX is a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can  create
       PDF files as well as DVI files.

       In  DVI  mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX

       The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF
       output has been enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the
       plain TeX format, and the pdflatex command uses the equivalent  of  the
       LaTeX format.  To generate formats, use the -ini switch.

       The  pdfinitex  and  pdfvirtex  commands  are pdfTeX's analogues to the
       initex and virtex commands.  In this installation, if the links  exist,
       they are symbolic links to the pdftex executable.

       In  PDF  mode,  pdfTeX can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG
       graphics formats.  pdfTeX cannot  include  PostScript  or  Encapsulated
       PostScript  (EPS)  graphics  files;  first  convert  them  to PDF using
       epstopdf(1).   pdfTeX's  handling  of  its  command-line  arguments  is
       similar   to   that   of  of  the  other  TeX  programs  in  the  web2c


       This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line  options.

              Sets  \pdfdraftmode  so  pdfTeX  doesn't write a PDF and doesn't
              read any included images, thus speeding up execution.

       -enc   Enable the encTeX extensions.  This option is only effective  in
              combination   with   -ini.   For  documentation  of  the  encTeX
              extensions see

       -etex  Enable the e-TeX extensions.  This option is only  effective  in
              combination with -ini.  See etex(1).

              Print  error  messages  in  the  form  file:line:error  which is
              similar to the way many compilers format them.

              Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

              This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

       -fmt format
              Use format as the name of the format to be used, instead of  the
              name by which pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

              Exit  with  an  error  code  when an error is encountered during

       -help  Print help message and exit.

       -ini   Start in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI  mode
              can  be  used  for  typesetting, but no format is preloaded, and
              basic initializations like setting catcodes may be required.

       -interaction mode
              Sets the interaction mode.  The mode can  be  either  batchmode,
              nonstopmode,  scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.   The  meaning of
              these modes is the same as that of the corresponding  \commands.

       -ipc   Send  DVI  or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output
              file.  Whether this option is available is  the  choice  of  the

              As  -ipc,  and  starts  the  server  at  the  other end as well.
              Whether this option is available is the choice of the installer.

       -jobname name
              Use  name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name
              of the input file.

       -kpathsea-debug bitmask
              Sets path searching debugging flags according  to  the  bitmask.
              See the Kpathsea manual for details.

       -mktex fmt
              Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -mltex Enable  MLTeX  extensions.   Only  effective in combination with

       -no-mktex fmt
              Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -output-comment string
              In DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of  the
              date.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -output-directory directory
              directory instead of the current directory.  Look up input files
              in directory first, the along the normal search path.

       -output-format format
              Set the output format mode, where format must be either  pdf  or
              dvi.    This   also  influences  the  set  of  graphics  formats
              understood by pdfTeX.

              If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it
              to look for a dump name or a -translate-file option.

              Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

       -progname name
              Pretend  to  be program name.  This affects both the format used
              and the search paths.

              Enable the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the  files
              opened for input and output in a file with extension .fls.

              Enable  the \write18{command} construct.  The command can be any
              shell  command.   This  construct  is  normally  disallowed  for
              security reasons.

              Disable  the  \write18{command} construct, even if it is enabled
              in the texmf.cnf file.

              In DVI mode, insert source specials into  the  DVI  file.   This
              option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -src-specials where
              In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI
              file.  where is a comma-separated value list: cr, display, hbox,
              math, par, parent, or vbox.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -translate-file tcxname
              Use the tcxname translation table to set the  mapping  of  input
              characters and re-mapping of output characters.

       -default-translate-file tcxname
              Like  -translate-file  except  that  a %& line can overrule this

              Print version information and exit.


       See the Kpathsearch library documentation  (the  `Path  specifications'
       node)  for  precise  details of how the environment variables are used.
       The kpsewhich utility can be used to query the values of the variables.

       One  caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you
       give directly to pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is
       expanded,  not  taken as part of the filename.  Other programs, such as
       Metafont, do not have this problem.

              Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current directory.
              If  any  output file cannot be opened there, it tries to open it
              in  the  directory  specified  in   the   environment   variable
              TEXMFOUTPUT.   There is no default value for that variable.  For
              example, if you say pdftex paper and the  current  directory  is
              not writable, if TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp, pdfTeX attempts
              to create /tmp/paper.log (and /tmp/paper.pdf, if any  output  is

              Search  path for \input and \openin files.  This should probably
              start with ``.'', so that user files  are  found  before  system
              files.   An empty path component will be replaced with the paths
              defined in the texmf.cnf file.  For example,  set  TEXINPUTS  to
              ".:/home/usr/tex:"   to   prepend   the  current  directory  and
              ``/home/user/tex'' to the standard search path.

              Search path for format files.

              search path for pdftex internal strings.

              Command template for switching to editor.  The default,  usually
              vi, is set when pdfTeX is compiled.

              Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.


       The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.
       Use the kpsewhich utility to find their locations.

              Text file containing pdfTeX's internal strings.
              Filename mapping definitions.

       *.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

       *.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.


       Starting with version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the  e-TeX  extensions,
       and  pdfeTeX  is just a copy of pdfTeX.  See etex(1).  This manual page
       is not meant to be exhaustive.  The  complete  documentation  for  this
       version of pdfTeX can be found in the pdfTeX manual and the info manual
       Web2C: A TeX implementation.


       This version of pdfTeX implements a number of optional extensions.   In
       fact,  many  of these extensions conflict to a greater or lesser extent
       with the definition of pdfTeX.  When such extensions are  enabled,  the
       banner  printed  when pdfTeX starts is changed to print pdfTeXk instead
       of pdfTeX.

       This  version  of  pdfTeX  fails  to  trap  arithmetic  overflow   when
       dimensions  are added or subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are rare,
       but when it does the generated DVI file will  be  invalid.   Whether  a
       generated PDF file would be usable is unknown.


       pdfTeX  is  available  for a large variety of machine architectures and
       operation systems.  pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.

       Information on how to get pdfTeX and related information  is  available
       at the pdfTeX website.

       The    following   pdfeTeX   related   mailing   list   is   available:  This is a mailman list; to subscribe  send  a  message
       containing  subscribe  to  More about the list
       can be found at the mailing list


       epstopdf(1),  etex(1), latex(1), mptopdf(1), tex(1), texexec(1), mf(1).


       The primary authors of pdfTeX are  Han  The  Thanh,  Petr  Sojka,  Jiri
       Zlatuska, and Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX).

       TeX  was  designed by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his Web
       system for Pascal programs.  It was  ported  to  Unix  at  Stanford  by
       Howard  Trickey,  and  at  Cornell  by  Pavel  Curtis.  The version now
       offered with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated by the Web  to
       C system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

       The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.