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       etex, einitex, evirtex - extended TeX


       etex [options] [& format ] [ file | \ commands ]


       Run  the  e-TeX  typesetter on file, usually creating file.dvi.  If the
       file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead
       of a filename, a set of e-TeX commands can be given, the first of which
       must start with a backslash.  With a  &format  argument  e-TeX  uses  a
       different  set  of precompiled commands, contained in format.fmt; it is
       usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

       e-TeX is the first concrete  result  of  an  international  research  &
       development  project,  the NTS Project, which was established under the
       aegis of DANTE e.V. during  1992.  The  aims  of  the  project  are  to
       perpetuate  and  develop  the  spirit  and  philosophy  of  TeX, whilst
       respecting Knuth's wish that TeX should remain frozen.

       e-TeX can be used in two different modes: in compatibility mode  it  is
       supposed  to  be  completely  interchangable  with  standard  TeX.   In
       extended mode several new primitives are added that  facilitate  (among
       other things) bidirectional typesetting.

       An  extended  mode  format  is  generated  by prefixing the name of the
       source file for the format with an  asterisk  (*).   Such  formats  are
       often  prefixed  with an `e', hence etex as the extended version of tex
       and elatex as the extended version of latex.   However,  eplain  is  an
       exception to this rule.

       The  einitex  and  evirtex commands are e-TeX's analogues to the initex
       and virtex commands.  In this installation, they are symbolic links  to
       the etex executable.  These symbolic links may not exist at all.

       e-TeX's  handling  of  its command-line arguments is similar to that of
       the other TeX programs in the web2c implementation.


       This version of e-TeX understands the following command line options.

       -fmt format
              Use format as the name of the format to be used, instead of  the
              name by which e-TeX was called or a %& line.

       -enc   Enable  the encTeX extensions.  This option is only effective in
              combination  with  -ini.   For  documentation  of   the   encTeX
              extensions see

       -etex  Enable  the  e-TeX extensions.  This option is only effective in
              combination with -ini.

              Print error  messages  in  the  form  file:line:error  which  is
              similar to the way many compilers format them.

              Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

              This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

              Exit  with  an  error  code  when an error is encountered during

       -help  Print help message and exit.

       -ini   Start in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI  mode
              can  be  used  for  typesetting, but no format is preloaded, and
              basic initializations like setting catcodes may be required.

       -interaction mode
              Sets the interaction mode.  The mode can  be  either  batchmode,
              nonstopmode,  scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.   The  meaning of
              these modes is the same as that of the corresponding  \commands.

       -ipc   Send  DVI  output  to a socket as well as the usual output file.
              Whether this option is available is the choice of the installer.

              As  -ipc,  and  starts  the  server  at  the  other end as well.
              Whether this option is available is the choice of the installer.

       -jobname name
              Use  name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name
              of the input file.

       -kpathsea-debug bitmask
              Sets path searching debugging flags according  to  the  bitmask.
              See the Kpathsea manual for details.

       -mktex fmt
              Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -mltex Enable  MLTeX  extensions.   Only  effective in combination with

       -no-mktex fmt
              Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -output-comment string
              Use string for the DVI file comment instead of the date.

       -output-directory directory
              directory instead of the current directory.  Look up input files
              in directory first, the along the normal search path.

              If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it
              to look for a dump name or a -translate-file option.

              Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

       -progname name
              Pretend to be program name.  This affects both the  format  used
              and the search paths.

              Enable  the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files
              opened for input and output in a file with extension .fls.

              Enable the \write18{command} construct.  The command can be  any
              shell  command.   This  construct  is  normally  disallowed  for
              security reasons.

              Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it  is  enabled
              in the texmf.cnf file.

              Insert source specials into the DVI file.

       -src-specials where
              Insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI file.  where
              is a comma-separated value list: cr, display, hbox,  math,  par,
              parent, or vbox.

       -translate-file tcxname
              Use  the  tcxname  translation table to set the mapping of input
              characters and re-mapping of output characters.

       -default-translate-file tcxname
              Like -translate-file except that a %&  line  can  overrule  this

              Print version information and exit.


       See  the  Kpathsearch  library documentation (the `Path specifications'
       node) for precise details of how the environment  variables  are  used.
       The kpsewhich utility can be used to query the values of the variables.

       One caveat: In most e-TeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a  filename  you
       give  directly to e-TeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is
       expanded, not taken as part of the filename.  Other programs,  such  as
       Metafont, do not have this problem.

              Normally,  e-TeX puts its output files in the current directory.
              If any output file cannot be opened there, it tries to  open  it
              in   the   directory   specified  in  the  environment  variable
              TEXMFOUTPUT.  There is no default value for that variable.   For
              example,  if you say etex paper and the current directory is not
              writable, if TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp, e-TeX  attempts  to
              create  /tmp/paper.log  (and  /tmp/paper.dvi,  if  any output is

              Search path for \input and \openin files.  This should  probably
              start  with  ``.'',  so  that user files are found before system
              files.  An empty path component will be replaced with the  paths
              defined  in  the  texmf.cnf file.  For example, set TEXINPUTS to
              ".:/home/usr/tex:"  to  prepend   the   current   direcory   and
              ``/home/user/tex'' to the standard search path.

              Search path for format files.

              search path for etex internal strings.

              Command  template for switching to editor.  The default, usually
              vi, is set when e-TeX is compiled.

              Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.


       The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.
       Use the kpsewhich utility to find their locations.

              Text file containing e-TeX's internal strings.
              Filename mapping definitions.

       *.tfm  Metric files for e-TeX's fonts.

       *.fmt  Predigested e-TeX format (.fmt) files.


       Starting  with  version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the e-TeX extensions,
       so in this installation eTeX is just a symbolic link  to  pdfTeX.   See
       pdftex(1).   This  manual  page  is  not  meant  to be exhaustive.  The
       complete documentation for this version of e-TeX can be  found  in  the
       info manual Web2C: A TeX implementation.


       This  version  of e-TeX implements a number of optional extensions.  In
       fact, many of these extensions conflict to a greater or  lesser  extent
       with  the  definition  of e-TeX.  When such extensions are enabled, the
       banner printed when e-TeX starts is changed to print e-TeXk instead  of

       This version of e-TeX fails to trap arithmetic overflow when dimensions
       are added or subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are rare, but when it
       does the generated DVI file will be invalid.


       pdftex(1), tex(1), mf(1).


       e-TeX was developed by Peter Breitenlohner (and the NTS team).

       TeX  was  designed  by  Donald  E.  Knuth, who implemented it using his
       system for Pascal programs.  It was  ported  to  Unix  at  Stanford  by
       Howard  Trickey,  and  at  Cornell  by  Pavel  Curtis.  The version now
       offered with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated by the   to  C
       system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

       The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.