cmdtool - run a shell (or other program) in an OpenWindows enhanced
cmdtool [ -C ] [ -M bytes ] [ -P count ] [ -B boldstyle ] [ -I command
[ generic-tool-arguments ] [ program [ program-arguments ] ]
This command is available with the OpenWindows user environment. For
information about installing OpenWindows, refer to the Solaris
cmdtool is the standard OpenWindows support facility for shells and
other programs. When invoked, cmdtool runs a program (usually a shell)
in a text-based command window. Characters typed on the keyboard are
inserted at the caret. If the program is a shell, that shell accepts
and runs commands in the usual manner. cmdtool also supports programs
that perform cursor motions directly, such as vi(1).
The text of the current command line can be edited using normal
textedit(1) functions. The command window displays a log of the
session, which can be scrolled through using the scrollbar (unless the
escape command mode is in effect). This log can be edited, and saved
by choosing the ‘Store as New File’ item in the text facility’s pop-up
-C Console cmdtool. Redirect system console output to this
cmdtool. Display console messages in this cmdtool,
which might otherwise appear in unexpected places on the
workstation screen. Since a cmdtool window can be
scrolled, console error messages can be recorded for
-M bytes Set the log to wrap-around after the indicated number of
-P count Checkpoint the log after every set of count editing
-B boldstyle Set the style for displaying bold text to boldstyle.
boldstyle can be a string specifying one of the choices
for the term.boldstyle default, or it may be a numerical
value for one of those choices, from 0 to 8,
corresponding to the placement of the choice in the
-I command Pass command to the shell. SPACE characters within the
command must be escaped.
cmdtool accepts the generic tool arguments listed in
program [ program-arguments ]
If a program argument is present, cmdtool runs it and
passes any remaining arguments to that program. If no
program is given, cmdtool runs the program indicated by
the SHELL environment variable, or /bin/sh by default.
.Xdefaults File Options
You can specify a number of defaults using the options in the
.Xdefaults file that effect the behavior of cmdtool. The ones of
interest are those that begin with text,term, or keyboard. See
xview(7) for more detailed information.
The window created by cmdtool is based on the text facility that is
described in the textedit man page. The user is given a prompt at
which to type commands and pop-up menus from which to select command
cmdtool windows support cursor motions, using an /etc/termcap entry
called sun-cmd. Command windows automatically set the TERM environment
variable to sun-cmd. So, if you rlogin(1) to a machine that does not
have an entry for sun-cmd in its /etc/termcap file, the error message
‘Type sun-cmd unknown’ results. To rectify this, type the comman ‘set
TERM=sun-cmd’. Programs written using the curses(3X) library packages
will work in a command window, but programs hard-coded for sun-type
terminals may not. When supporting a program that performs cursor
motions, the command window automatically takes on the characteristics
of a tty window (as with shelltool(1)). When that program terminates
or sleeps, the full command window functionality is restored.
cmdtool supports programs that use CBREAK and NO ECHO terminal modes.
This support is normally invisible to the user. However, programs that
use RAW mode, such as rlogin(1) and script(1), inhibit command-line
editing with the mouse. In this case, however, tty-style ERASE, word-
kill and line-kill characters can still be used to edit the current
The cmdtool Menu
The cmdtool window menu is called the Term Pane menu and contains the
following options and their submenus:
History Creates a a list of commands used during the cmdtool session.
Editable You can edit the contents of the window.
Read Only You can only read from the window.
Store Log as new file
Create a new file that contains the contents of the
Clear log Clears all entries from the log.
Edit Provides a set of editing functions for this window.
Again Repeats the last action.
Undo Last Edit
Undoes the last edit made in cmdtool .
Undo All Edits
Undoes all edits made during this session
of cmdtool .
Copy Makes a copy of the selected text and places it on
Paste Pastes a copy of the text stored on the clipboard
at the cursor location.
Cut Deletes the selected text.
Find Provides a set of find and replace functions.
Find and Replace
Brings up a pop-up menu containing text fields and
command buttons that allow you to search forward
and backward through the file being edited for
specific text strings. Allows you to specify
options for the replacement of text.
Forward Searches forward to find a selected text
Backward Searches backward to find a selected text
Find Marked Text
Brings up a pop-up menu that allows you to find
text that is included between specified bracket
pairs. Also allows you to insert or remove bracket
pairs around selected text.
Replace |>field<| >
Allows you to replace selected text forward and
backward throughout the file.
Extras A user-definable pull-right menu controlled by the
/usr/lib/.text_extras_menu file. This can be overridden in
1) Change the value of the .Xdefaults parameter
text.extrasMenuFilename to the correct file path.
2) Set the environment variable EXTRASMENU to the file
Note that option 1 overrides option 2 if both are used. For
more information see the OpenWindows user documentation.
Enable Allows you to edit files from within cmdtool.
Disable Turns off the ability to edit files from within
Enables scrolling within cmdtool.
Turns off the ability to scroll within cmdtool.
Once scrolling in cmdtool is disabled, its
functionality is identical to shelltool and a more
restricted menu appears. Selecting the Enable
Scrolling option from the restricted menu restores
the full menu and functionality of cmdtool.
User Defined Keyboard Remapping
The file ~/.textswrc specifies filter programs that are assigned to
(available) function keys. These filters are applied to the contents
of the primary selection. Their output is entered at the caret.
Text facility accelerators that are especially useful in command
windows are described here. See textedit(1) for more information.
CTRL-RETURN Position the caret at the bottom, and scroll it into
view as determined by Text.LowerContext.
Toggle between all-upper-case keyboard input, and mixed-case.
/tmp/tty.txt.pid log file
rlogin(1), script(1), shelltool(1), textedit(1), vi(1), xview(7),
OpenWindows user documentation
Typing ahead while cmdtool changes between its scrollable and cursor
motion modes will sometimes freeze cmdtool.
Full terminal emulation is not complete. Some manifestations of this
· File completion in the C shell does not work.
· Enhanced display of text is not supported.
18 March 1992 cmdtool(1)