aven — sophisticated cave viewer for Unix and MS Windows
aven [options] .3d file
Aven displays processed cave surveys in a window and allows you to
manipulate the view.
Note that there is no perspective in the view. This means that it is
impossible to tell which way round a cave is rotating, or whether you
are viewing something from behind, or in front. So if you think the
direction of rotation in wrong, or changes as you watch, this is just
your brain being confused, not a bug!
The best way to move the cave is with the mouse. We suggest you try
each of these out after reading this section to get a feel for how they
If you hold down the right button then the cave is dragged when you
move the mouse.
If you hold down the left button, then the cave is rotated if you move
left or right, and zoomed if you move up and down. If you hold down
<Ctrl> while dragging with the left mouse button, then the cave rotates
and tilts at the same time instead.
If your mouse has a middle button then holding it down and moving the
mouse up and down tilts the cave. Moving the mouse left and right has
And if you have a scrollwheel, this can be used to zoom in/out.
By default the mouse moves the cave, but if you press <Ctrl-R>, then
the mouse will move the viewpoint instead (i.e. everything will go in
the opposite direction). Apparently this feels more natural to some
<P> and <L> select Plan and eLevation respectively. Changing between
plan to elevation is animated to help you see where you are and how
things relate. This animation is automatically disabled on slow
machines to avoid user frustration.
Comma <’>, and Slash </> tilt up and down respectively. Tilt goes 180
degrees from plan view to a view from directly below (upside down
<Space> toggles automatic rotation about a vertical axis on and off.
The speed of rotation for this, and animated transitions between plan
and elevation, is controlled by <Z> and <X>.
Crosses and/or labels can be displayed at survey stations. <Ctrl-X>
toggles crosses and <Ctrl-N> station names. <Ctrl-L> toggles the
display of survey legs.
<Delete> is useful if you get lost - it resets the scale, position, and
rotation speed, so that the cave returns to the centre of the screen.
There are also keyboard controls to use instead of the mouse - <Shift>
helps here as it accelerates all movements:
<Z>, <X> : Faster/Slower Rotation
<R>: Reverse direction of rotation
<Enter>, <Space>: Start and stop auto-rotation
<C>, <V>: Rotate cave one step clockwise/anti-clockwise
<’> , </>: Higher/Lower Viewpoint
<]> , <[>: Zoom in/Out
<U>, <D>: Set view to Up/Down
<N>, <S>, <E>, <W>: Set view to North, South, East, West
<Delete>: Reset to default scale, rotation rate, etc
<P>, <L>: Plan, Elevation
<Cursor Left>, <Cursor Right>: Pan survey Left/Right (on screen)
<Cursor Up>, <Cursor Down>: Pan survey Up/Down (on screen)
<Ctrl-N>: Toggle display of station names
<Ctrl-X>: Toggle display of crosses at stations
<Ctrl-L>: Toggle display of survey legs
<Ctrl-F>: Toggle display of surface legs
<Ctrl-G>: Toggle display of grid
<Ctrl-B>: Toggle display of bounding box
<O>: Toggle display of non-overlapping/all names
<Ctrl-R>: reverse sense of controls
<Shift>: accelerates all movement keys
A little experimentation should give a better understanding of how this
There is an auto-resizing scale bar along the bottom of the screen
which varies in length as you zoom in or out. In the lower right
corner is a compass pointer showing which way is North, and a clino
pointer showing the angle of tilt. And in the upper right is a depth
bar showing the correspondence between colour and depth.
3dtopos(1), cad3d(1), cavern(1), diffpos(1), extend(1), sorterr(1),