advmng ‐ AdvanceCOMP MNG Compression Utility
advmng [‐l, ‐‐list] [‐z, ‐‐recompress]
[‐x, ‐‐extract] [‐a, ‐‐add RATE MNG_FILE PNG_FILES...]
[‐0, ‐‐shrink‐store] [‐1, ‐‐shrink‐fast] [‐2, ‐‐shrink‐normal]
[‐3, ‐‐shrink‐extra] [‐4, ‐‐shrink‐insane]
[‐s, ‐‐scroll HxV] [‐S, ‐‐scroll‐square]
[‐e, ‐‐expand] [‐r, ‐‐reduce]
[‐c, ‐‐lc] [‐C, ‐‐vlc] [‐f, ‐‐force] [‐q, ‐‐quiet] [‐v, ‐‐verbose]
[‐h, ‐‐help] [‐V, ‐‐version] FILES...
The main purpose of this utility is to recompress MNG files to get the
smallest possible size.
Please note that this utility is not able to read a generic file. It’s
granted to be able to read only the files generated by the AdvanceMAME
To compress the files this utility uses the following strategies:
· Remove all ancillary chunks.
· Use the MNG Delta feature to compress video clips with only
small changes between frames.
· Use the MNG Move feature to compress video clips with a
scrolling background (option ‐s).
· Reduce the color depth to 8 bit (option ‐r).
· Use the 7zip Deflate implementation.
‐l, ‐‐list FILES...
List the content of the specified files.
‐z, ‐‐recompress FILES...
Recompress the specified files. If the ‐1, ‐2, ‐3 options are
specified, it’s used the smallest file choice from the previous
compressed data and the new compression. If the ‐0 option is
specified the file is always rewritten without any compression.
‐x, ‐‐extract FILES...
Extract all the .png frames in the .mng clips. You can use the
‐‐shrink options to control the compression ratio of the .png
files. The extracted images are always 24 bit images with alpha
channel. You can remove the alpha channel with the ‐n option.
‐a, ‐‐add RATE MNG_FILE PNG_FILES...
Compress all the .png files on the command line as a .mng file.
All the .png files must have the same size and the same bit
depth. You must also specify an integer frame rate to use in the
Disable the compression. The file is only stored and not
compressed. The file is always rewritten also if it’s bigger.
Set the compression level to ˝fast˝.
Set the compression level to ˝normal˝. This is the default level
Set the compression level to ˝extra˝.
Set the compression level to ˝insane˝. It’s VERY SLOW.
‐s, ‐‐scroll HxV
The ˝‐s HxV˝ option specifies the size of the pattern (H width x
V height) used to check for a scrolling background. The size is
expressed in pixels and it must be bigger or equal than the
scrolling speed of the background. For example take the game
1942 that scrolls vertically by 1 pixel every frame. If you
recorded with an interleave factor of 2 the vertical scrolling
speed is 1*2 = 2. In this case the minimum pattern is ˝‐s 0x2˝.
Generally you can use ˝‐s 8x8˝ and use bigger values only for
games scrolling faster. If the game scrolls only horizontally or
vertically you can speed up a lot the compression with
monodirectional patterns like ˝‐s 16x0˝ or ˝‐s 0x16˝.
‐S, ‐‐scroll‐square N
This option is like the option ˝‐s NxN˝ but excludes big
movement on both directions reducing the computation time.
Specifically the check done is X+Y<=N.
Force the color reduction to 8 bit. The reduction is really done
only if any frame have less than 256 colors and if no alpha
channel is present. To force the reduction also if an alpha
channel is present use the ‐n option.
Force the color expansion to 24 bit.
Remove the alpha channel if present.
Force the use of the MNG LC (Low Complexity) specifications. It
disables the delta compression. The file is always rewritten
also if it’s bigger.
Force the use of the MNG VLC (Very Low Complexity)
specifications. It disables the delta compression and the
precise timing. Warning! you may lose the correct timing
information because the VLC format only supports integer
frequency. The file is always rewritten also if it’s bigger.
Force the use of the new file also if it’s bigger.
Don’t print the filenames.
Print more information on the compression process.
A good tradeoff of recompression and time is the command :
advmng ‐z ‐r ‐S 16 *.mng
To create a .mng file from a series of .png files use the command :
advmng ‐a 30 video.mng video*.png
To extract all the images in a .mng file use the command :
advmng ‐x video.mng
This file is Copyright (C) 2003 Andrea Mazzoleni, Filipe Estima
advzip(1), advpng(1), advdef(1)
AdvanceCOMP MNG Compression Utility(1)