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       nmh - new MH message system


       any nmh command


       nmh  is  the  name  of a powerful message handling system.  Rather than
       being a single comprehensive program, nmh consists of a  collection  of
       fairly  simple  single-purpose  programs  to  send, retrieve, save, and
       manipulate messages.

       Unlike most mail clients in UNIX, nmh is not a closed system which must
       be  explicitly  run,  then exited when you wish to return to the shell.
       You may freely intersperse nmh  commands  with  other  shell  commands,
       allowing  you to read and answer your mail while you have (for example)
       a compilation running, or search for a file or run programs  as  needed
       to find the answer to someone’s question before answering their mail.

       The  rest of this manual entry is a quick tutorial which will teach you
       the basics of  nmh.   You  should  read  the  manual  entries  for  the
       individual programs for complete documentation.

       To  get started using nmh, put the directory /usr/bin/mh on your $PATH.
       This is best done in one of the files: .profile,  .login,  .bashrc,  or
       .cshrc  in  your home directory.  (Check the manual entry for the shell
       you use, in case you don’t know how to do this.)   Run  the  install-mh
       command.  If you’ve never used nmh before, it will create the necessary
       default files and directories after asking you if you wish it to do so.

       inc moves mail from your system maildrop into your nmh ‘+inbox’ folder,
       breaking it up into separate files and converting it to nmh  format  as
       it  goes.  It prints one line for each message it processes, containing
       the from field, the subject field and as much of the first line of  the
       message  as will fit.  It leaves the first message it processes as your
       current message.  You’ll  need  to  run  inc  each  time  you  wish  to
       incorporate new mail into your nmh file.

       scan prints a list of the messages in your current folder.

       The  commands:  show, next, and prev are used to read specific messages
       from the current folder.  show  displays  the  current  message,  or  a
       specific  message, which may be specified by its number, which you pass
       as an argument to show.   next  and  prev  display,  respectively,  the
       message numerically after or before the current message.  In all cases,
       the message displayed becomes the current  message.   If  there  is  no
       current  message,  show  may be called with an argument, or next may be
       used to advance to the first message.

       rmm (remove message) deletes the current message.   It  may  be  called
       with  message numbers passed as arguments, to delete specific messages.

       repl is used to respond to the current message (by default).  It places
       you  in the editor with a prototype response form.  While you’re in the
       editor, you may peruse the item you’re responding  to  by  reading  the
       file @.  After completing your response, type l to list (review) it, or
       s to send it.

       comp allows you to compose a message by putting you in the editor on  a
       prototype message form, and then lets you send it.

       All  the nmh commands may be run with the single argument: -help, which
       causes them to print a list of the arguments they may be  invoked  with
       and then exit.

       All  the  nmh  commands  may be run with the single argument: -version,
       which cause them to print the version number of the  nmh  distribution,
       and then exit.

       Commands which take a message number as an argument ( scan, show, repl,
       ...)  also take one of the words: “first”, “prev”,  “cur”,  “next”,  or
       “last”  to  indicate (respectively) the first, previous, current, next,
       or last message in the current folder (assuming they are defined).

       Commands which take a range of message numbers ( rmm, scan, show,  ...)
       also take any of the abbreviations:

            <num1>-<num2>  Indicates  all  messages  in  the  range  <num1> to
                           <num2>, inclusive. The range must be nonempty.


            <num>:-N       Up to N messages beginning with  (or  ending  with)
                           message  num.   Num  may  be any of the pre-defined
                           symbols: first, prev, cur, next or last.




            last:N         The first, previous, next or last messages, if they

       There  are  many  other possibilities such as creating multiple folders
       for different topics, and automatically refiling messages according  to
       subject,  source,  destination, or content.  These are beyond the scope
       of this manual entry.

       Following is a list of all the nmh commands:

            ali(1)         - list mail aliases
            anno(1)        - annotate messages
            burst(1)       - explode digests into messages
            comp(1)        - compose a message
            dist(1)        - redistribute a message to additional addresses
            flist(1)       - list folders with messages in given sequence(s)
            flists(1)      - list all folders with messages in given sequence(s)
            folder(1)      - set/list current folder/message
            folders(1)     - list all folders
            forw(1)        - forward messages
            inc(1)         - incorporate new mail
            mark(1)        - mark messages
            mhbuild(1)     - translate MIME composition draft
            mhl(1)         - produce formatted listings of nmh messages
            mhlist(1)      - list information about content of MIME messages
            mhmail(1)      - send or read mail
            mhn(1)         - display/list/store/cache MIME messages
            mhparam(1)     - print nmh profile components
            mhpath(1)      - print full pathnames of nmh messages and folders
            mhshow(1)      - display MIME messages
            mhstore(1)     - store contents of MIME messages into files
            msgchk(1)      - check for messages
            msh(1)         - nmh shell(and BBoard reader)
            next(1)        - show the next message
            packf(1)       - compress a folder into a single file
            pick(1)        - select messages by content
            prev(1)        - show the previous message
            prompter(1)    - prompting editor front end
            rcvdist(1)     - asynchronously redistribute new mail
            rcvpack(1)     - append message to file
            rcvstore(1)    - asynchronously incorporate new mail
            rcvtty(1)      - report new mail
            refile(1)      - file messages in other folders
            repl(1)        - reply to a message
            rmf(1)         - remove folder
            rmm(1)         - remove messages
            scan(1)        - produce a one line per message scan listing
            send(1)        - send a message
            sendfiles(1)   - send multiple files and directories in MIME message
            show(1)        - show(display) messages
            slocal(1)      - asynchronously filter and deliver new mail
            sortm(1)       - sort messages
            whatnow(1)     - prompting front-end for send
            whom(1)        - report to whom a message would go

            mh-alias(5)    - alias file for nmh message system
            mh-draft(5)    - draft folder facility
            mh-format(5)   - format file for nmh message system
            mh-mail(5)     - message format for nmh message system
            mh-profile(5)  - user customization for nmh message system
            mh-sequence(5) - sequence specification for nmh message system
            mh-tailor(5)   - mail transport customization for nmh message system

            ap(8)          - parse addresses 822-style
            conflict(8)    - search for alias/password conflicts
            dp(8)          - parse dates 822-style
            fmtdump(8)     - decode nmh format files
            install-mh(8)  - initialize the nmh environment
            post(8)        - deliver a message


       /usr/bin/mh                contains nmh commands
       /etc/nmh                   contains nmh format files
       /usr/lib/mh                contains nmh library commands
       $HOME/.mh_profile          The user profile


       Path:                To determine the user’s nmh directory


       If problems are encountered with an nmh program, the problems should be
       reported to the local maintainers of nmh.  When doing this, the name of
       the program should be reported, along with the version information  for
       the program.
       To  find  out  what  version of an nmh program is being run, invoke the
       program with  the  -version  switch.   This  information  includes  the
       version  of nmh, the host it was generated on, and the date the program
       was loaded.

       Send bug reports and suggestions to