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       getcpu  -  determine  CPU  and NUMA node on which the calling thread is


       #include <linux/getcpu.h>

       int getcpu(unsigned *cpu, unsigned *node, struct getcpu_cache *tcache);


       The getcpu() system call identifies the processor and node on which the
       calling thread or process is currently running and writes them into the
       integers pointed to by the cpu and node arguments.  The processor is  a
       unique  small  integer  identifying  a CPU.  The node is a unique small
       identifier identifying a NUMA node.  When either cpu or  node  is  NULL
       nothing is written to the respective pointer.

       The third argument to this system call is nowadays unused.

       The  information  placed in cpu is only guaranteed to be current at the
       time of the  call:  unless  the  CPU  affinity  has  been  fixed  using
       sched_setaffinity(2),  the  kernel  might  change  the CPU at any time.
       (Normally this does not happen because the scheduler tries to  minimize
       movements  between  CPUs  to keep caches hot, but it is possible.)  The
       caller must be prepared to handle the situation when cpu and  node  are
       no longer the current CPU and node.


       getcpu() was added in kernel 2.6.19 for x86_64 and i386.


       getcpu() is Linux specific.


       Linux  makes  a  best  effort  to make this call as fast possible.  The
       intention of getcpu() is to allow programs to make  optimizations  with
       per-CPU data or for NUMA optimization.

       Glibc  does  not  provide a wrapper for this system call; call it using
       syscall(2); or use sched_getcpu(3) instead.

       The tcache argument is unused since Linux 2.6.24.  In earlier  kernels,
       if this argument was non-NULL, then it specified a pointer to a caller-
       allocated buffer in thread-local storage that was  used  to  provide  a
       caching  mechanism for getcpu().  Use of the cache could speed getcpu()
       calls, at the cost that there was a very small chance that the returned
       information would be out of date.  The caching mechanism was considered
       to cause problems when migrating  threads  between  CPUs,  and  so  the
       argument is now ignored.


       mbind(2),   sched_setaffinity(2),   set_mempolicy(2),  sched_getcpu(3),


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