yum - Yellowdog Updater Modified
yum [options] [command] [package ...]
yum is an interactive, rpm based, package manager. It can automatically
perform system updates, including dependency analysis and obsolete
processing based on "repository" metadata. It can also perform
installation of new packages, removal of old packages and perform
queries on the installed and/or available packages among many other
commands/services (see below). yum is similar to other high level
package managers like apt-get and smart.
While there are some graphical interfaces directly to the yum code,
more recent graphical interface development is happening with
PackageKit and the gnome-packagekit application.
command is one of:
* install package1 [package2] [...]
* update [package1] [package2] [...]
* upgrade [package1] [package2] [...]
* remove | erase package1 [package2] [...]
* list [...]
* info [...]
* provides | whatprovides feature1 [feature2] [...]
* clean [ packages | headers | metadata | dbcache | all ]
* groupinstall group1 [group2] [...]
* groupupdate group1 [group2] [...]
* grouplist [hidden] [groupwildcard] [...]
* groupremove group1 [group2] [...]
* groupinfo group1 [...]
* search string1 [string2] [...]
* shell [filename]
* resolvedep dep1 [dep2] [...]
* localinstall rpmfile1 [rpmfile2] [...]
* localupdate rpmfile1 [rpmfile2] [...]
* reinstall package1 [package2] [...]
* downgrade package1 [package2] [...]
* deplist package1 [package2] [...]
* repolist [all|enabled|disabled]
* version [all|installed|available|group-*|grouplist|groupinfo]
* history [info|list|summary|redo|undo|new]
* help [command]
Unless the --help or -h option is given, one of the above commands must
Repository configuration is honored in all operations.
Is used to install the latest version of a package or group of
packages while ensuring that all dependencies are satisfied. If
no package matches the given package name(s), they are assumed
to be a shell glob and any matches are then installed. If the
name starts with an @ character the rest of the name is used as
though passed to the groupinstall command. If the name is a
file, then install works like localinstall. If the name doesn’t
match a package, then package "provides" are searched (Eg.
"_sqlitecache.so()(64bit)") as are filelists (Eg.
"/usr/bin/yum"). Also note that for filelists, wildcards will
match multiple packages.
update If run without any packages, update will update every currently
installed package. If one or more packages or package globs are
specified, Yum will only update the listed packages. While
updating packages, yum will ensure that all dependencies are
satisfied. If the packages or globs specified match to packages
which are not currently installed then update will not install
them. update operates on groups, files, provides and filelists
just like the "install" command.
If the main obsoletes configure option is true (default) or the
--obsoletes flag is present yum will include package obsoletes
in its calculations - this makes it better for distro-version
changes, for example: upgrading from somelinux 8.0 to somelinux
Implemented so you could know if your machine had any updates
that needed to be applied without running it interactively.
Returns exit value of 100 if there are packages available for an
update. Also returns a list of the packages to be updated in
list format. Returns 0 if no packages are available for update.
Returns 1 if an error occurred. Running in verbose mode also
Is the same as the update command with the --obsoletes flag set.
See update for more details.
remove or erase
Are used to remove the specified packages from the system as
well as removing any packages which depend on the package being
removed. remove operates on groups, files, provides and
filelists just like the "install" command.
list Is used to list various information about available packages;
more complete details are available in the List Options section
provides or whatprovides
Is used to find out which package provides some feature or file.
Just use a specific name or a file-glob-syntax wildcards to list
the packages available or installed that provide that feature or
search Is used to find any packages matching a string in the
description, summary and package name fields of an rpm. Useful
for finding a package you do not know by name but know by some
word related to it.
info Is used to list a description and summary information about
available packages; takes the same arguments as in the List
Options section below.
clean Is used to clean up various things which accumulate in the yum
cache directory over time. More complete details can be found
in the Clean Options section below.
Is used to download and make usable all the metadata for the
currently enabled yum repos.
Is used to install all of the individual packages in a group, of
the specified types (this works as if you’d taken each of those
package names and put them on the command line for a "yum
The group_package_types configuration option specifies which
types will be installed.
Is just an alias for groupinstall, which will do the right thing
because "yum install X" and "yum update X" do the same thing,
when X is already installed.
Is used to list the available groups from all yum repos. Groups
are marked as "installed" if all mandatory packages are
installed, or if a group doesn’t have any mandatory packages
then it is installed if any of the optional or default package
are installed. The optional "hidden" argument will also list
groups marked as not being "user visible". If you pass the -v
option, to enable verbose mode, then the groupids are displayed.
Is used to remove all of the packages in a group, unlike
"groupinstall" this will remove everything regardless of
group_package_types. It is worth pointing out that packages can
be in more than one group, so "groupinstall X Y" followed by
"groupremove Y" does not do give you the same result as
Is used to give the description and package list of a group (and
which type those packages are marked as). Note that you can use
the yum-filter-data and yum-list-data plugins to get/use the
data the other way around (Ie. what groups own packages need
updating). If you pass the -v option, to enable verbose mode,
then the package names are matched against installed/available
packages similar to the list command.
shell Is used to enter the ’yum shell’, when a filename is specified
the contents of that file is executed in yum shell mode. See
yum-shell(8) for more info
Is used to list packages providing the specified dependencies,
at most one package is listed per dependency.
Is used to install a set of local rpm files. If required the
enabled repositories will be used to resolve dependencies. Note
that the install command will do a local install, if given a
Is used to update the system by specifying local rpm files. Only
the specified rpm files of which an older version is already
installed will be installed, the remaining specified packages
will be ignored. If required the enabled repositories will be
used to resolve dependencies. Note that the update command will
do a local install, if given a filename.
Will reinstall the identically versioned package as is currently
installed. This does not work for "installonly" packages, like
Kernels. reinstall operates on groups, files, provides and
filelists just like the "install" command.
Will try and downgrade a package from the version currently
installed to the previously highest version (or the specified
version). The depsolver will not necessarily work, but if you
specify all the packages it should work (and thus. all the
simple cases will work). Also this does not work for
"installonly" packages, like Kernels. downgrade operates on
groups, files, provides and filelists just like the "install"
Produces a list of all dependencies and what packages provide
those dependencies for the given packages.
Produces a list of configured repositories. The default is to
list all enabled repositories. If you pass -v, for verbose mode,
more information is listed.
Produces a "version" of the rpmdb, and of the enabled
repositories if "all" is given as the first argument. You can
also specify version groups in the version-groups config. file.
If you pass -v, for verbose mode, more information is listed.
The version is calculated by taking a sha1 hash of the packages
(in sorted order), and the checksum_type/checksum_data entries
from the yumdb. Note that this rpmdb version is now also used
significantly within yum (esp. in yum history).
The history command allows the user to view what has happened in
past transactions (assuming the history_record config. option is
set). You can use info/list/summary to view what happened,
undo/redo to act on that information and new to start a new
The info/list/summary commands take either a transactions id or
a package (with wildcards, as in Specifying package names), all
three can also be passed no arguments. list can be passed the
keyword "all" to list all the transactions. undo/redo just take
a transaction id.
help Produces help, either for all commands or if given a command
name then the help for that particular command.
Most command line options can be set using the configuration file as
well and the descriptions indicate the necessary configuration option
Help; display a help message and then quit.
-y Assume yes; assume that the answer to any question which would
be asked is yes.
Configuration Option: assumeyes
-c [config file]
Specifies the config file location - can take HTTP and FTP URLs
and local file paths.
Run without output. Note that you likely also want to use -y.
Run with a lot of debugging output.
Sets the debugging level to [number] - turns up or down the
amount of things that are printed. Practical range: 0 - 10
Configuration Option: debuglevel
Sets the error level to [number] Practical range 0 - 10. 0 means
print only critical errors about which you must be told. 1 means
print all errors, even ones that are not overly important. 1+
means print more errors (if any) -e 0 is good for cron jobs.
Configuration Option: errorlevel
-R [time in minutes]
Sets the maximum amount of time yum will wait before performing
a command - it randomizes over the time.
-C Tells yum to run entirely from cache - does not download or
update any headers unless it has to to perform the requested
Reports the yum version number and installed package versions
for everything in history_record_packages (can be added to by
Doesn’t limit packages to their latest versions in the info,
list and search commands (will also affect plugins which use the
Specifies an alternative installroot, relative to which all
packages will be installed.
Configuration Option: installroot
Enables specific repositories by id or glob that have been
disabled in the configuration file using the enabled=0 option.
Configuration Option: enabled
Disables specific repositories by id or glob.
Configuration Option: enabled
This option only has affect for an update, it enables yum´s
obsoletes processing logic. For more information see the update
Configuration Option: obsoletes
Exclude a specific package by name or glob from updates on all
repositories. Configuration Option: exclude
Display colorized output automatically, depending on the output
terminal, always (using ANSI codes) or never. Note that some
commands (Eg. list and info) will do a little extra work when
color is enabled. Configuration Option: color
Disable the excludes defined in your config files. Takes one of
all == disable all excludes
main == disable excludes defined in [main] in yum.conf
repoid == disable excludes defined for that repo
Run with one or more plugins disabled, the argument is a comma
separated list of wildcards to match against plugin names.
Run with all plugins disabled.
Configuration Option: plugins
Run with GPG signature checking disabled.
Configuration Option: gpgcheck
Resolve depsolve problems by removing packages that are causing
problems from the transaction.
Configuration Option: skip_broken
This option currently does nothing.
The following are the ways which you can invoke yum in list mode. Note
that all list commands include information on the version of the
The format of the output of yum list is:
name.arch version-release repo or @installed-from-repo
yum list [all | glob_exp1] [glob_exp2] [...]
List all available and installed packages.
yum list available [glob_exp1] [...]
List all packages in the yum repositories available to be
yum list updates [glob_exp1] [...]
List all packages with updates available in the yum
yum list installed [glob_exp1] [...]
List the packages specified by args. If an argument does not
match the name of an available package, it is assumed to be a
shell-style glob and any matches are printed.
yum list extras [glob_exp1] [...]
List the packages installed on the system that are not available
in any yum repository listed in the config file.
yum list obsoletes [glob_exp1] [...]
List the packages installed on the system that are obsoleted by
packages in any yum repository listed in the config file.
yum list recent
List packages recently added into the repositories.
Specifying package names
All the list options mentioned above take file-glob-syntax
wildcards or package names as arguments, for example yum list
available ’foo*’ will list all available packages that match
’foo*’. (The single quotes will keep your shell from expanding
The following are the ways which you can invoke yum in clean mode. Note
that "all files" in the commands below means "all files in currently
enabled repositories". If you want to also clean any (temporarily)
disabled repositories you need to use --enablerepo=’*’ option.
yum clean expire-cache
Eliminate the local data saying when the metadata and
mirrorlists were downloaded for each repo. This means yum will
revalidate the cache for each repo. next time it is used.
However if the cache is still valid, nothing significant was
yum clean packages
Eliminate any cached packages from the system. Note that
packages are not automatically deleted after they are
yum clean headers
Eliminate all of the header files which yum uses for dependency
yum clean metadata
Eliminate all of the files which yum uses to determine the
remote availability of packages. Using this option will force
yum to download all the metadata the next time it is run.
yum clean dbcache
Eliminate the sqlite cache used for faster access to metadata.
Using this option will force yum to recreate the cache the next
time it is run.
yum clean all
Runs yum clean packages and yum clean headers, yum clean
metadata and yum clean dbcache as above.
Specifying package names
A package can be referred to for install,update,list,remove etc
with any of the following:
For example: yum remove kernel-2.4.1-10.i686
Yum can be extended through the use of plugins. A plugin is a Python
".py" file which is installed in one of the directories specified by
the pluginpath option in yum.conf. For a plugin to work, the following
conditions must be met:
1. The plugin module file must be installed in the plugin path as just
2. The global plugins option in /etc/yum/yum.conf must be set to ‘1’.
3. A configuration file for the plugin must exist in
/etc/yum/pluginconf.d/<plugin_name>.conf and the enabled setting in
this file must set to ‘1’. The minimal content for such a configuration
enabled = 1
See the yum.conf(5) man page for more information on plugin related
yum search yum
See the Authors file included with this program.
There of course aren’t any bugs, but if you find any, you should first
consult the FAQ mentioned above and then email the mailing list:
email@example.com or filed in bugzilla.