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       ypxfr - transfer NIS database from remote server to local host


       /usr/lib/yp/ypxfr [ -f ] [ -c ] [ -d target domain ]
            [ -h source host ] [ -s source domain ]
            [ -C taskid program-number ipaddr port ]
            [ -p yp_path ] mapname ...


       ypxfr  copies  an NIS database from one NIS server to the local host by
       using the NIS service.  ypxfr is generally  invoked  by  ypinit  or  by
       ypserv,  when  ypserv  receives a map transfer request from yppush.  It
       creates  a  temporary  map  in  the  directory   /var/yp/domain   (this
       directory   must  already   exist; domain is the default domainname for
       the local host), fills it by getting the map’s entries and fetches  the
       map  parameters  (master  and  order  number).   If  the  transfer  was
       successful, the old  version  of  the  map  will  be  deleted  and  the
       temporary  copy will be moved into its place.  Then, ypxfr will attempt
       to send a "clear current map" request to the local ypserv.

       If  run interactively, ypxfr writes its output to stderr.  However,  if
       it is invoked without a controlling terminal, it will log the output to

       ypxfr is used primarily in environments where several NIS  servers  are
       in use.  For all maps, you have a NIS master server, which  maintains a
       canonical copy of the NIS map, and  all  the  other  servers,  the  NIS
       slaves,  copy  the  new  version  of the map from the master whenever a
       update was made.  Normally, you have one NIS master for all maps.

       In order to maintain consistency across all NIS servers, ypxfr  can  be
       run  periodically  in  a  cron job. Maps which change infrequently need
       only be updated once a day (preferably late at night when system  usage
       is  lowest),  where  those with frequent changes (such as passwd.byname
       and passwd.byuid ) should be updated perhaps once every hour.  Examples
       are  in  /usr/lib/yp: ypxfr_1perday, ypxfr_2perday, and ypxfr_1perhour.
       They can serve as reasonable first cuts.

       Normally  all   updates   should   be   propagated   by   yppush   when
       /var/yp/Makefile  is run on the NIS master server, however it is a good
       practice on large networks  where  possible  outages  could  cause  NIS
       slaves to fall out of sync with the master.


       The following options are supported:

       -f     Force a map transfer. Normally, ypxfr will not transfer a map if
              it determines that the NIS master’s copy is not newer  than  the
              existing  copy  already  on  the  local host. This flag forces a
              transfer regardless of which server’s version is more recent.

       -c     Do not send a "clear current map" request to the ypserv  process
              running  on  the  local  host.  This  flag is normally used when
              invoking ypxfr by ypinit or if ypserv is not   running   locally
              at   the  time  you  are  running  ypxfr.  Otherwise, ypxfr will
              complain that it cannot  talk  to  the  local  ypserv,  and  the
              transfer will fail.

       -d domain
              Specify a domain other than the default NIS domain.

       -h source host
              Get  the  map  from  host,  regardless  of what the map says the
              master is.  If host is not specified, ypxfr asks the NIS service
              for the name of the master, and tries to get the map from there.
              This option is used to insure that ypxfr only copies  maps  from
              the NIS master server.

       -s source domain
              Specify a source domain from which to transfer a map that should
              be the same across domains.

       -C taskid progam-number ipaddr port
              This option is only for use by ypserv  .   When  ypserv  invokes
              ypxfr, it specifies that ypxfr should call back a yppush process
              at the host with IP address ipaddr, registered as program number
              progam-number,  listening  on  port  port,  and  waiting  for  a
              response to transaction taskid.

       -p yp_path
              Change the directory for the maps to yp_path/[domainname]/,  the
              default is /var/yp/[domainname].

              One or more names of the map to transfer.




       ypserv(8), yppush(8), ypinit(8), cron(8), crontab(5)


       Thorsten Kukuk <>