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       update-rc.d - install and remove System-V style init script links


       update-rc.d [-n] [-f] B name  remove

       update-rc.d [-n] B name  defaults [NN | SS KK]

       update-rc.d  [-n]  name  start|stop  R  NN runlevel  [ runlevel ]...  .
              start|stop R NN runlevel  [ runlevel ]...  . ...

       update-rc.d [-n] B name  disable|enable [ S|2|3|4|5 ]


       update-rc.d  updates   the   System   V   style   init   script   links
       /etc/rcrunlevel.d/NNname  whose  target is the script /etc/init.d/name.
       These links are run  by  init  when  it  changes  runlevels;  they  are
       generally  used  to  start  and  stop  system services such as daemons.
       runlevel  is  one  of  the  runlevels  supported   by   init,   namely,
       0123456789S,  and  NN  is the two-digit sequence number that determines
       where in the sequence init will run the scripts.

       This manpage documents only the usage  and  behaviour  of  update-rc.d.
       For  a discussion of the System V style init script arrangements please
       see init(8) and the R Debian Policy Manual .


       update-rc.d has two modes of operation for installing scripts into  the
       boot  sequence.  A legacy mode where command line arguments are used to
       decide the sequence and runlevel configuration, and  the  default  mode
       where  dependency  and  runlevel  information  in the init.d script LSB
       comment header is used instead.  Such header is required to be  present
       in  init.d  scripts.   See the insserv(8) manual page for details about
       the LSB header format.  The boot sequencing method  is  decided  during
       installation  or  upgrades.   During upgrades, if there are no loops in
       the dependencies declared  by  LSB  headers  of  all  installed  init.d
       scripts and no obsolete init.d scripts, the boot system is converted to
       dependency based boot sequencing.  The conversion to  dependency  based
       boot  sequencing  is  one-way.  The machines using the legacy mode will
       have a file /etc/init.d/.legacy-bootordering .

       Packages installing init.d scripts should make sure both methods  work,
       for  compatiblity  with  systems where the migration have not been done

       For legacy mode, the following section documents the old behaviour.

       When run with either the defaults, start, or stop options,  update-rc.d
       makes  links  /etc/rcrunlevel.d/[SK]NNname  that  point  to  the script

       If  any   files   /etc/rcrunlevel.d/[SK]??name   already   exist   then
       update-rc.d  does nothing.  The program was written this way so that it
       will never change  an  existing  configuration,  which  may  have  been
       customized  by the system administrator.  The program will only install
       links if none are present, i.e., if it appears  that  the  service  has
       never been installed before.

       A  common  system  administration error is to delete the links with the
       thought that this will "disable" the  service,  i.e.,  that  this  will
       prevent  the  service  from  being started.  However, if all links have
       been deleted then the next time the package is upgraded, the  package’s
       postinst  script  will  run  update-rc.d  again and this will reinstall
       links at their factory default locations.  The correct way  to  disable
       services  is  to  configure  the service as stopped in all runlevels in
       which it is started by default.  In the System V init system this means
       renaming the service’s symbolic links from S to K.

       If  defaults  is  used  then  update-rc.d  will make links to start the
       service in runlevels 2345 and to stop the service in runlevels 016.  By
       default  all the links will have sequence number 20, but this should be
       overridden if there are dependencies. For example if daemon  B  depends
       on  A,  then  A must be started before B and B must be killed before A.
       You accomplish this by supplying two NN  arguments.  In  general,  core
       daemons  should start early and be killed late, whilst applications can
       start late and be killed early. See EXAMPLES below.

       The first NN argument supplies the start sequence number and the second
       NN argument supplies the kill sequence number.  Kill scripts are called
       first, passing a stop argument. Then start scripts are called passing a
       start  argument.  In  either  case,  calls happen in ascending sequence
       number order.

       Supplying a single NN argument will use the same number for both  start
       and  kill  links.  This  is supported for backward compatibility but is
       discouraged, as it may lead to inconsistent  settings.  As  a  rule  of
       thumb,  if  you  increase  the  start  sequence  number you should also
       decrease the stop sequence number, and vice-versa.

       As a rule of thumb, the sequence number of the stop link should be  100
       minus the sequence number of the start link; this causes services to be
       stopped in the opposite order  to  that  in  which  they  are  started.
       Obviously,  therefore,  the  default stop sequence number should be 80.
       Defaulting to 20, as update-rc.d does, is an old  bug  that  cannot  be
       fixed because of the risk of breaking things.

       Instead  of  defaults  one  can  give  one  or  more  sets of arguments
       specifying particular runlevels in which to start or stop the  service.
       Each  of  these sets of arguments starts with the keyword start or stop
       and a sequence number R NN , followed by one or more runlevel  numbers.
       The set is terminated by a solitary full stop character.  When explicit
       specification, rather than defaults, is used there will usually be  one
       start  and  one  stop set.  If different sequence codes are required in
       different runlevels then several start sets or several stop sets may be
       specified.   If this is done and the same runlevel is named in multiple
       sets then only the last one counts.  Therefore it is  not  possible  to
       create  multiple start or multiple stop links for a service in a single
       runlevel directory.

       The script /etc/init.d/name must exist before  update-rc.d  is  run  to
       create the links.


       When  invoked  with the remove option, update-rc.d removes any links in
       the /etc/rcrunlevel.d directories to the script /etc/init.d/name.   The
       script  must have been deleted already.  If the script is still present
       then update-rc.d aborts with an error message.

       update-rc.d is usually called from a package’s post-removal script when
       that   script   is   given  the  purge  argument.   Any  files  in  the
       /etc/rcrunlevel.d directories that are not symbolic links to the script
       /etc/init.d/name will be left untouched.


       When  run  with the disable [ S|2|3|4|5 ] options, update-rc.d modifies
       existing runlevel links for the  script  /etc/init.d/name  by  renaming
       start  links  to  stop  links  with  a  sequence  number  equal  to the
       difference of 100 minus the original sequence number.

       When run with the enable [ S|2|3|4|5 ]  options,  update-rc.d  modifies
       existing  runlevel  links  for  the script /etc/init.d/name by renaming
       stop links to start links with a sequence number equal to the  positive
       difference  of current sequence number minus 100, thus returning to the
       original sequence number that the script had been installed with before
       disabling it.

       Both  of these options only operate on start runlevel links of S, 2, 3,
       4 or 5. If no start runlevel is specified after the disable  or  enable
       keywords,  the  script  will  attempt  to  modify  links  in  all start


       -n     Don’t do anything, just show what we would do.

       -f     Force removal of symlinks even if /etc/init.d/name still exists.


       Insert links using the defaults:
          update-rc.d foobar defaults
       The equivalent dependency header would have start and stop
       dependencies on $remote_fs and $syslog, and start in
       runlevels 2-5 and stop in runlevels 0, 1 and 6.
       Equivalent command using explicit argument sets:
          update-rc.d foobar start 20 2 3 4 5 . stop 20 0 1 6 .
       More typical command using explicit argument sets:
          update-rc.d foobar start 30 2 3 4 5 . stop 70 0 1 6 .
       Insert links at default runlevels when B requires A
          update-rc.d script_for_A defaults 80 20
          update-rc.d script_for_B defaults 90 10
       Insert  a link to a service that (presumably) will not be needed by any
       other daemon
          update-rc.d top_level_app defaults 98 02
       Insert links for a script that requires  services  that  start/stop  at
       sequence number 20
          update-rc.d script_depends_on_svc20 defaults 21 19
       Remove  all  links  for  a  script  (assuming  foobar  has been deleted
          update-rc.d foobar remove
       Example of disabling a service:
          update-rc.d -f foobar remove
          update-rc.d foobar stop 20 2 3 4 5 .
       Example    of     a     command     for     installing     a     system
       initialization-and-shutdown script:
          update-rc.d foobar start 45 S . stop 31 0 6 .
       Example of a command for disabling a system initialization-and-shutdown
          update-rc.d -f foobar remove
          update-rc.d foobar stop 45 S .




              The directory containing the actual init scripts.

              The directories containing the links used by init and managed by

              Model for use by writers of init.d scripts.

              Flag indicating the machine is using legacy mode for boot script


       R Debian Policy Manual ,
       insserv(8), sysv-rc-conf(8), bum(8), init(8).