Man Linux: Main Page and Category List


       umount - unmount file systems


       umount [-hV]

       umount -a [-dflnrv] [-t vfstype] [-O options]
       umount [-dflnrv] {dir|device}...


       The  umount command detaches the file system(s) mentioned from the file
       hierarchy.  A file system is specified by giving the directory where it
       has  been  mounted.  Giving the special device on which the file system
       lives may also work, but is obsolete, mainly because it  will  fail  in
       case this device was mounted on more than one directory.

       Note  that  a  file  system cannot be unmounted when it is ‘busy’ - for
       example, when there are open files on it, or when some process has  its
       working  directory  there,  or  when  a swap file on it is in use.  The
       offending process could even be umount itself - it opens libc, and libc
       in  its  turn may open for example locale files.  A lazy unmount avoids
       this problem.

       Options for the umount command:

       -V     Print version and exit.

       -h     Print help message and exit.

       -v     Verbose mode.

       -n     Unmount without writing in /etc/mtab.

       -r     In case unmounting fails, try to remount read-only.

       -d     In case the unmounted device was a loop device, also  free  this
              loop device.

       -i     Don’t  call  the  /sbin/umount.<filesystem>  helper  even  if it
              exists. By default /sbin/umount.<filesystem> helper is called if
              one exists.

       -a     All  of  the  file systems described in /etc/mtab are unmounted.
              (With umount version 2.7 and later: the proc filesystem  is  not

       -t vfstype
              Indicate  that  the actions should only be taken on file systems
              of the specified type.  More than one type may be specified in a
              comma  separated  list.   The  list  of file system types can be
              prefixed with no to specify the file system types  on  which  no
              action should be taken.

       -O options
              Indicate  that  the actions should only be taken on file systems
              with the specified options in /etc/fstab.  More than one  option
              type  may  be  specified in a comma separated list.  Each option
              can be prefixed with no to specify options for which  no  action
              should be taken.

       -f     Force unmount (in case of an unreachable NFS system).  (Requires
              kernel 2.1.116 or later.)

       -l     Lazy  unmount.  Detach  the  filesystem  from   the   filesystem
              hierarchy  now,  and cleanup all references to the filesystem as
              soon as it is not busy  anymore.   (Requires  kernel  2.4.11  or


       The  umount  command will free the loop device (if any) associated with
       the mount, in case it finds the option ‘loop=...’ in /etc/mtab, or when
       the  -d  option was given.  Any pending loop devices can be freed using
       ‘losetup -d’, see losetup(8).


       The syntax of external umount helpers is:

       /sbin/umount.<suffix> {dir|device} [-nlfvr]

       where the <suffix> is filesystem type or a value from  "uhelper="  mtab

       The  uhelper (unprivileged umount helper) is possible to used when non-
       root user wants to umount a mountpoint which  is  not  defined  in  the
       /etc/fstab file (e.g devices mounted by HAL).


       /etc/mtab table of mounted file systems


       umount(2), mount(8), losetup(8).


       A umount command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.


       The  umount  command  is  part  of  the  util-linux-ng  package  and is
       available from