sg_sat_phy_event - Sends an ATA READ LOG EXT command via a SAT pass
through to fetch log page 11h which contains SATA phy event counters
sg_sat_phy_event [--ck_cond] [--extend] [--help] [--hex] [--ignore]
[--len=16|12] [--raw] [--reset] --verbose] [--version] DEVICE
This utility sends an ATA READ LOG EXT with the log page ("address")
set to 11h to DEVICE and outputs the response. Log page 11h is defined
in the SATA 2.5 standard and contains phy event counters. Rather than
send this command directly to the DEVICE, are sent via a SCSI transport
which is assumed to contain a SCSI to ATA Translation (SAT) Layer
(SATL). The SAT standard (SAT ANSI INCITS 431-2007, prior draft:
sat-r09.pdf at www.t10.org) defines two SCSI "ATA PASS-THROUGH"
commands: one using a 16 byte "cdb" and the other with a 12 byte cdb.
This utility defaults to using the 16 byte cdb variant.
The SATL may be in an operating system driver, in host bus adapter
firmware or in some external enclosure.
Arguments to long options are mandatory for short options as well.
sets the CK_COND bit in the ATA PASS-THROUGH SCSI cdb. The
default setting is clear (i.e. 0). When set the SATL should
yield a sense buffer containing a ATA Result descriptor
irrespective of whether the command succeeded or failed. When
clear the SATL should only yield a sense buffer containing a ATA
Result descriptor if the command failed.
sets the EXTEND bit in the ATA PASS-THROUGH SCSI cdb. The
default setting is clear (i.e. 0). When set a 48 bit LBA command
is sent to the device. This option has no effect when --len=12.
outputs the usage message summarizing command line options then
exits. Ignores DEVICE if given.
outputs the ATA READ LOG EXT response in hex. The default action
(i.e. without any ’-H’ options) is to output the response in
hex, grouped in 16 bit words (i.e. the ATA standard’s
preference). When given once, the response is output in ASCII
hex bytes (i.e. the SCSI standard’s preference). When given
twice (i.e. ’-HH’) the output is in hex, grouped in 16 bit
words, the same as the default but without a header.
usually the phy counter identifier names are decoded. When this
option is given, the numeric value of the identifier is output,
the vendor flag, the data length (in bytes) and the
-l, --len=16 | 12
this is the length of the SCSI cdb used for the ATA PASS-THROUGH
commands. The argument can either be 16 or 12. The default is
16. The larger cdb size is needed for 48 bit LBA addressing of
ATA devices. On the other hand some SCSI transports cannot
convey SCSI commands longer than 12 bytes.
output the ATA READ LOG EXT response in binary. The output
should be piped to a file or another utility when this option is
used. The binary is sent to stdout, and errors are sent to
reset the counters after the current values are returned,
decoded and displayed.
increases the level or verbosity.
print out version string
The SCSI ATA PASS-THROUGH (12) command’s opcode is 0xa1 and it clashes
with the MMC set’s BLANK command used by cd/dvd writers. So a SATL in
front of an ATAPI device that uses MMC (i.e. has peripheral device type
5) probably should treat opcode 0xa1 as a BLANK command and send it
through to the cd/dvd drive. The ATA PASS-THROUGH (16) command’s opcode
(0x85) does not clash with anything so it is a better choice.
In the 2.4 series of Linux kernels the DEVICE must be a SCSI generic
(sg) device. In the 2.6 series block devices (e.g. disks and ATAPI
DVDs) can also be specified. For example "sg_inq /dev/sda" will work in
the 2.6 series kernels. From lk 2.6.6 other SCSI "char" device names
may be used as well (e.g. "/dev/st0m").
The exit status of sg_sat_identify is 0 when it is successful.
Otherwise see the sg3_utils(8) man page.
Written by Doug Gilbert
Report bugs to <dgilbert at interlog dot com>.
Copyright © 2006-2007 Douglas Gilbert
This software is distributed under a FreeBSD license. There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR