send-uucp - Send Usenet articles via UUCP
send-uucp [site ...]
The send-uucp program processes batch files written by innd(8) to send
Usenet articles to UUCP sites. It reads a configuration file to
control how it behaves with various sites. Normally, it is run
periodically out of cron to put together batches and send them to
remote UUCP sites.
It makes it possible to reduce bandwidth usage and to send news to
remote UUCP sites which cannot receive a real-time feed (for instance
if they are over dial-up connections).
Any arguments provided to the program are interpreted as a list of
sites specified in send-uucp.cf for which batches should be generated.
If no arguments are supplied then batches will be generated for all
sites listed in that configuration file.
The sites to which articles are to be sent must be configured in the
configuration file send-uucp.cf in pathetc as set in inn.conf. Each
site is specified with a line of the form:
site[:host[:funnel]] [compressor [maxsize [batchtime]]]
The news site name being configured. This must match a site name
The UUCP host name to which batches should be sent for this site.
If omitted, the news site name will be used as the UUCP host name.
In the case of a site configured as a funnel, send-uucp needs to
flush the channel (or exploder) being used as the target of the
funnel instead of flushing the site. This is the way to tell send-
uucp the name of the channel or exploder to flush for this site.
If not specified, default to flushing the site.
The compression method to use for batches. This should be one of
"bzip2", "compress", "gzip" or "none". Arguments for the
compression command may be specified by using "_" instead of
spaces. For example, "gzip_-9". The default value is "gzip".
The maximum size in bytes of a single batch before compression.
The default value is 500000 bytes.
A comma separated list of hours during which batches should be
generated for a given site. When send-uucp runs, a site will only
be processed if the current hour matches one of the hours in
batchtime. The default is no limitation on when to generate
Fields are separated by spaces and only the site name needs to be
specified, with defaults being used for unspecified values. If the
first character on a line is a hash sign ("#") then the rest of the
line is ignored.
Here is an example for the send-uucp.cf configuration file:
zoetermeer gzip 1048576 5,18,22
hoofddorp gzip 1048576 5,18,22
pa3ebv gzip 1048576 5,18,22
drinkel bzip2 1048576 5,6,18,20,22,0,2
manhole compress 1048576 5,18,22
owl compress 1048576
This defines eight UUCP sites. The first three and the last two use
"gzip" compression, the fourth site ("drinkel") uses "bzip2" and the
remaining sites ("manhole" and "owl") use "compress". The first six
use a batch size of 1 MB, and the two last sites ("able" and "pern")
use the default of 500,000 bytes. The "zoetermeer", "hoofddorp",
"pa3ebv", and "manhole" sites will only have batches generated for them
during the hours of 05:00, 18:00, and 22:00, and the "drinkel" site
will only have batches generated during those hours and 06:00, 20:00,
00:00, and 02:00. There are no restrictions on when batches will be
generated for "owl", "able" and "pern".
The "pern" site is configured as a funnel into "MYFUNNEL!". send-uucp
will issue "ctlinnd flush MYFUNNEL!" instead of "ctlinnd flush pern".
As for the newsfeeds file, the usual flags used for a UUCP feed are
"Tf,Wnb". Here is a typical entry for "zoetermeer", where the batching
is kept between 4 KB and 1 KB:
The Perl script itself used to create news batches from the
The configuration file which specifies a list of sites to be
This program was originally written by Edvard Tuinder <firstname.lastname@example.org> and
then maintained and extended by Miquel van Smoorenburg
<email@example.com>. Marco d’Itri <firstname.lastname@example.org> cleaned up the code
for inclusion in INN. This manual page was written by Mark Brown
innd(8), newsfeeds(5), uucp(8).