samba - server to provide filesharing- and directory services to
samba [-i] [-M model]
This program is part of the samba(7) suite.
samba is the server daemon that provides filesharing and directory
services to Windows clients. The server provides filespace and
directory services to clients using the SMB (or CIFS) protocol and
other related protocols such as DCE/RPC, LDAP and Kerberos.
Clients supported include MSCLIENT 3.0 for DOS, Windows for Workgroups,
Windows 95/98/ME, Windows NT, Windows 2000/XP/2003, OS/2, DAVE for
Macintosh, and cifsfs for Linux.
An extensive description of the services that the server can provide is
given in the man page for the configuration file controlling the
attributes of those services (see smb.conf(5). This man page will not
describe the services, but will concentrate on the administrative
aspects of running the server.
Please note that there are significant security implications to running
this server, and the smb.conf(5) manual page should be regarded as
mandatory reading before proceeding with installation.
As of Samba 4, there is a single daemon that incorporates the
functionality of both smbd and nmbd that are present in older versions
If this parameter is specified it causes the server to run
"interactively", not as a daemon, even if the server is executed on
the command line of a shell. Setting this parameter negates the
implicit deamon mode when run from the command line. samba also
logs to standard output, as if the -S parameter had been given.
This parameter can be used to specify the "process model" samba
should use. This determines how concurrent clients are handled.
Available process models include single (everything in a single
process), standard (similar behaviour to that of Samba 3), thread
(single process, different threads.
or whatever initialization script your system uses).
If running the server as a daemon at startup, this file will need
to contain an appropriate startup sequence for the server.
If running the server via the meta-daemon inetd, this file must
contain a mapping of service name (e.g., netbios-ssn) to service
port (e.g., 139) and protocol type (e.g., tcp).
This is the default location of the smb.conf(5) server
configuration file. Other common places that systems install this
file are /usr/samba/lib/smb.conf and /etc/samba/smb.conf.
This file describes all the services the server is to make
available to clients. See smb.conf(5) for more information.
This man page is correct for version 4 of the Samba suite.
Most diagnostics issued by the server are logged in a specified log
file. The log file name is specified at compile time, but may be
overridden on the command line.
The number and nature of diagnostics available depends on the debug
level used by the server. If you have problems, set the debug level to
3 and peruse the log files.
Most messages are reasonably self-explanatory. Unfortunately, at the
time this man page was created, there are too many diagnostics
available in the source code to warrant describing each and every
diagnostic. At this stage your best bet is still to grep the source
code and inspect the conditions that gave rise to the diagnostics you
hosts_access(5) smb.conf(5), smbclient(1), testparm(1), and the
Internet RFC's rfc1001.txt, rfc1002.txt. In addition the CIFS (formerly
SMB) specification is available as a link from the Web page
The original Samba software and related utilities were created by
Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
[FIXME: source] 04/02/2010