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     pdumpfs - A daily backup system similar to Plan9’s dumpfs


     pdumpfs src-dir dest-dir [dest-basename]


     pdumpfs is a simple daily backup system written in Ruby (ruby(1)), which
     is similar to Plan9’s dumpfs that preserves every daily snapshot.

     Back up your home directory with pdumpfs, and you can retrieve any past
     day’s snapshot of any file.

     pdumpfs constructs each day’s snapshot in the directory named YYYY/MM/DD
     under the destination directory.  All source files are copied to the
     snapshot directory for the first time, and on and after the second time,
     pdumpfs copies only updated or newly created files and stores unchanged
     files as hard links to the files of the previous day’s snapshot to save
     disk space.


     -e, --exclude=PATTERN

     Exclude files or directories matching PATTERN.

     -s, --exclude-by-size=SIZE

     Exclude files larger than SIZE from backup.

     -w, --exclude-by-glob=GLOB

     Exclude files matching GLOB from backup.

     -l, --log-file=FILE

     Write a logfile to FILE.

     -v, --version

     Show the program version and exit.

     -q, --quiet

     Suppress all normal output.

     -n, --dry-run

     Don’t actuall run any commands.

     -h, --help

     Show help message.

     The latest version of pdumpfs is always available at


     To backup your home directory /home/yourname to /backup, run the
     following command.

           pdumpfs /home/yourname /backup >/backup/log 2>/backup/error-log

     On and after the second day, it is a good idea to invoke the backup
     command with cron(8) daemon.  Adding the following line to your crontab
     file allows you to back up your home directory at 5 a.m. everyday.

           00 05 * * * pdumpfs /home/yourname /backup >/backup/log

     If the backup system works well, you can retrieve any given day’s file
     with a file name like /backup/2001/02/19/yourname/...


     pdumpfs can only handle normal files, directories, and symbolic links.

     pdumpfs may not work on systems other than UNIX because pdumpfs utilizes
     hard links.

     pdumpfs is not suited for a directory containing large files which are
     updated frequently.

     If more than 31 day absence occurs, incremental backup would not be
     performed.  So, back up your files on a daily basis.

     With pdumpfs, you can safely remove unnecessary files because the past
     files can be retrieved at any time.  However, you must not rely too much
     on pdumpfs.  It may have serious bugs.


     If the total disk usage increases by 10 MB everyday, about 4 GB disk
     space will be consumed every year.  It would not matter so much
     considering the recent evolution of computer resources.

     Back up your files to a physically separated device.

     On some systems, files can be made immutable.

     To make all files in /backup immutable on Linux, run the following
     command as root:

           chattr -R +i /backup

     On 4.4BSD derived systems, run the following command as root:

           chflags -R schg /backup

     These commands will keep you from accidentally removing your backup files
     with rm -rf.


     pdumpfs and the HTML document were written by Satoru Takabayashi

     This manual page was translated from the HTML document by Hiroyuki
     Shimada 〈〉, and reformatted by Akinori MUSHA


     chattr(1), chflags(1), crontab(5), cron(8)