pbuilder - personal package builder
pbuilder --create [options]
pbuilder --update [options]
pbuilder --build [options] .dsc-file
pbuilder --execute [options] -- script [script options]
pbuilder --login [options]
Front end program to the pbuilder suite of programs, used for creating
and maintaining chroot environment and building Debian package in the
Creates a base.tgz for the specified distribution.
Updates the base.tgz for the specified distribution. Also, by
specifying the --override-config option, it is possible to
install a new apt-line using the given options and settings in
the configuration file for the base.tgz.
For example, to switch the distribution of an existing base.tgz
to sid, specify the --distribution sid --override-config options
Builds the package specified by .dsc-file in the chroot
environment created using the base.tgz
Cleans up the directory specified by the configuration
BUILDPLACE and APTCACHE specified in /etc/pbuilderrc
Logs into the chroot, and cleaned up afterwards. Any changes
you make will not be kept. Only use this for temporary and
debugging purposes. Do not bind-mount filesystems directly
inside the chroot. Use --bindmounts option to mount.
Execute a script or command inside the chroot, in a similar
manner to --login
The file specified in the command-line argument will be copied
into the chroot, and invoked.
The remaining arguments are passed on to the script.
Dumps configuration information, used for debugging.
Builds a Debian package from the Debian source directory. The
current directory should have the usual debian/ directory.
Same as pdebuild --use-pdebuild-internal
The command is followed by options of the form --option name which will
modify the semantics as explained below. They are applied from left-
to-right, and when there are conflicting options, the rightmost options
will have effect.
Specifies the location of base.tgz
This option will define the default distribution and apt-lines
when used in pbuilder --update and pbuilder --create
--buildplace [location of build]
Specifies the location where building and base.tgz updating and
creation takes place. This is a temporary work directory.
A subdirectory of that directory using the current PID of the
process is used.
--buildresult [location to put build result]
Specifies the location the build result gets into after
building. The deb files and other files that have resulted from
build is copied there. Note that the default value is not the
current directory, or .. but another place,
/var/cache/pbuilder/result This is to avoid overwriting already
existing deb files with the newly generated ones.
--mirror [mirror location]
Specifies the URL of Debian mirror to be specified in
sources.list inside the chroot. This option is only valid when
distribution is being specified, for --update and --build
targets. The format is something like:
http://http.us.debian.org/debian which should point to your
This option can optionally be omitted, and left blank, in which
case, this part is skipped.
Note that these URLs specified to pbuilder will be used from
within the chroot, and specifying file:/somewhere/ will most
--othermirror [deb http://xxx/xxx/ ./ | other deb lines... ]
The lines which is added to the sources.list, delimited with |
Like deb http://local/mirror stable main|deb
The deb lines here are the ones that will appear at the top of
the sources.list inside the chroot. Be sure to follow the
syntax rules of sources.list(5). These lines appear at the
beginning of the constructed sources file, so this is the place
to list your local mirror sites; apt will then use them in
preference to the ones listed in --mirror .
Specifies the distribution used. The supported values are the
ones debootstrap supports, plus experimental which is special
cased in pbuilder. For instance you may use: sid or
Specifies the architecture used. The supported values are the
ones debootstrap supports. i386 or amd64 .
Specifies the default distribution components to use. eg. "main
contrib non-free". Default is "main".
Specify to use different apt set up inside the chroot than it
was used for creating the base.tgz. Specify this when you want
to do pbuilder --update with a different distribution target set
--distribution , --components , --mirror , --othermirror options
are only valid when --override-config option is specified in
--update target, or when pbuilder --create is being called.
Specifies the http proxy URL. Something like
http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8080/ should do.
--aptcache [location of retrieved package files]
Specifies the location where the packages downloaded by apt
should be cached. Use --aptcache "" if you want caching to be
--configfile [configuration file to load]
Additional configuration file to read after all other
configuration files have been read.
--hookdir [location of user scripts]
Specifies the location where scripts for user intervention
during the --create and --update process are stored. Currently
scripts are executed at only one point, on exit from the
chrooted environment, just before either a create or a build
regenerated the base.tgz file. The script names must be in the
form X<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> much like boot
scripts. The scripts must be executable and may be either
binaries or interpreted scripts. If it is a script in other than
Bourne Shell or Perl, it is up to the user to ensure the
interpreter was previously installed in the chrooted
environment. Files ending in ~ or .bak are ignored.
Although it may not seem necessary, pbuilder --update does not
invoke the hooks if --hookdir is empty, so if you want to avoid
running hooks, run pbuilder with --hookdir ""
If there is a distribution hook, for example, if there was a
file sid inside the hook directory, and the script was creating
the chroot for sid distribution, pbuilder will call debootstrap
with that as the 4th parameter in the chroot creation process.
This allows for use of custom debootstrap hook script.
A<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is for --build target.
It is executed before build starts; after unpacking the build
system, and unpacking the source, and satisfying the build-
B<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed after build
system finishes building, successfully, before copying back the
C<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed after build
failure, before cleanup.
D<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed before
unpacking the source inside the chroot, after setting up the
chroot environment. Create $TMP, and $TMPDIR if necessary.
This is called before build-dependency is satisfied. Also
useful for calling apt-get update
E<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed after
and pbuilder --create finishes apt-get work with the chroot,
before umounting kernel file systems (/proc) and creating the
tarball from the chroot.
F<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed just before
user logs in, or program starts executing, after chroot is
created in --login or --execute target.
G<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed just after
debootstrap finishes, and configuration is loaded, and pbuilder
starts mounting /proc and invoking apt-get install in --create
List of options that are passed on to dpkg-buildpackage.
Multiple flags are additive and appended ot the any value given
in DEBBUILDOPTS as specified in pbuilderrc. To clear the list
of options, pass the empty string, e.g. --debbuildopts "".
Multiple options are delimited with spaces, like --debbuildopts
--logfile [file to log]
Specifies the logfile to create. The messages generated during
execution will be written to the specified file, and the
Specify to build architecture specific targets instead of all
targets. Setting --debbuildopts after this option will re-set
some parts of the effect.
Use this option rather than using --debbuildopts -B
Bind-mount the specified directories to inside the chroot.
bind-mount-points is a space-delimited list of directories to
bind-mount which should be specified in a space-delimited
manner, surrounded in double quotations, like: "/srv /somedir
Add extra command-line options to debootstrap.
Specify multiple options through multiple instance of this
option, for example:
--debootstrapopts --arch=arm --debootstrapopts --variant=buildd
Use specified debootstrap implementation as debootstrap. Known
implementations are cdebootstrap and debootstrap and default is
to use debootstrap.
Save the chroot image after exiting from the chroot instead of
deleting changes. Effective for login and execute session.
Clean apt cache automatically, to run apt-get autoclean to only
keep the packages which are required for the version of Debian.
This is useful when you keep a aptcache directory for each
distribution and want to keep the size of the aptcache down.
--help Show a brief help message.
MORE SPECIFIC OPTIONS
Some options are more involved to pbuilder internal than others. The
following options are available.
--removepackages [packages to remove]
Removes the packages on creating the base.tgz. Use this option
to remove potentially dangerous or undesirable packages, like
lilo which nobody will need to have inside a chroot.
Packages should be specified in a space-delimited manner,
surrounded in double quotations, like "lilo gcc mawk"
--extrapackages [packages to add]
Adds packages specified as an addition to the default, which is
build-essential by default. This is used in --build and
--create (after successfully creating the initial chroot) and
The packages should be specified as a space-delimited list.
--debemail [maintainer-name <email-address>]
Specifies that dpkg-buildpackage be called with -mmaintainer-
name <email-address> instead of default value specified in the
environment variable, or pbuilderrc
This option is almost obsolete, use --debbuildopts instead
Alternative option to --logfile option. Automatically creates a
logfile that is named by the .dsc file name, only really
applicable for --build target.
The file extension is specified by PKGNAME_LOGFILE_EXTENTION in
--aptconfdir [APT configuration directory to use]
Uses the apt configuration file found in the specified directory
as the chroot configuration. /etc/apt is one example, so that
the same configuration can be used inside the chroot.
This option overrides other options, and may cause some
--timeout [timeout in sleep time]
Time out building after sleeping set time. Specify something
like --timeout 10h in the command line. Default is no timeout.
Not using base.tgz for operation. The --buildplace will not be
deleted and reconstructed from a .tar.gz file. Also, pbuilder
will not add its process ID to the --buildplace as it usually
Useful when experimenting with chroots, or trying to create
chroots outside control of pbuilder.
Build the package twice in a row. Useful to ensure the package
cleans up properly. The resulting packages are the ones from
the second build.
Do not clean the --buildplace if it has the same contents as the
.tar.gz file, and no modifications are done.
For preserving the build place for --create and --update
targets, see --debug option.
As with --no-targz, suppresses appending pbuilder’s process ID
to the --buildplace.
This is useful if you want to attempt to build a large number of
packages successively, but you expect that many of them cannot
have their build dependencies satisfied.
It will clean up the build place on failure, or after a
Turn on Debug mode of pbuilder, to be verbose about errors, and
try to avoid cleanup processing when error happens in --update
and --create targets.
Add extra file to be copied to /tmp/buildd inside the build
available in --build and --login and --execute targets.
The system-wide configuration file for pbuilder.
The default settings for pbuilder, used as fallback for all
values that is not specified in /etc/pbuilderrc.
The personal configuration file for pbuilder, which overrides
settings set in other configuration files.
# pbuilder --create
Distribution is sid.
Building the build environment
-> running debootstrap
I: Retrieving Release
I: Retrieving Packages
I: Validating Packages
# pbuilder --update
W: /home/dancer/.pbuilderrc does not exist
Building the build Environment
-> extracting base tarball [/var/cache/pbuilder/base.tgz]
# pbuilder --build dsh_*.dsc
I: using fakeroot in build.
Current time: Sat Jan 20 12:03:34 JST 2007
Building the build Environment
-> extracting base tarball [/home/dancer/DEBIAN/pbuilder/pbuilder/testsuite/tmp.FeeAX18779/testimage]
-> creating local configuration
This program is starting to have too many options already.
Initial coding, and main maintenance is done by Junichi Uekawa
<email@example.com>. User hooks code added by Dale Amon <firstname.lastname@example.org>
The homepage is available at http://pbuilder.alioth.debian.org
/usr/share/doc/pbuilder/pbuilder-doc.html, pdebuild(1), pbuilderrc(5)