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       pbuilder - personal package builder


       pbuilder --create [options]

       pbuilder --update [options]

       pbuilder --build [options] .dsc-file

       pbuilder --execute [options] -- script [script options]

       pbuilder --clean

       pbuilder --login [options]


       Front  end program to the pbuilder suite of programs, used for creating
       and maintaining chroot environment and building Debian package  in  the
       chroot environment.


              Creates a base.tgz for the specified distribution.

              Updates  the  base.tgz for the specified distribution.  Also, by
              specifying the  --override-config  option,  it  is  possible  to
              install  a  new apt-line using the given options and settings in
              the configuration file for the base.tgz.

              For example, to switch the distribution of an existing  base.tgz
              to sid, specify the --distribution sid --override-config options
              to update.

              Builds  the  package  specified  by  .dsc-file  in  the   chroot
              environment created using the base.tgz

              Cleans   up   the   directory  specified  by  the  configuration
              BUILDPLACE and APTCACHE specified in /etc/pbuilderrc

              Logs into the chroot, and cleaned up  afterwards.   Any  changes
              you  make  will  not  be  kept.  Only use this for temporary and
              debugging purposes.   Do  not  bind-mount  filesystems  directly
              inside the chroot.  Use --bindmounts option to mount.

              Execute  a  script  or  command  inside the chroot, in a similar
              manner to --login

              The file specified in the command-line argument will  be  copied
              into the chroot, and invoked.

              The remaining arguments are passed on to the script.

              Dumps configuration information, used for debugging.

              Builds  a  Debian package from the Debian source directory.  The
              current directory should have the usual debian/ directory.

              Same as pdebuild --use-pdebuild-internal


       The command is followed by options of the form --option name which will
       modify  the  semantics as explained below.  They are applied from left-
       to-right, and when there are conflicting options, the rightmost options
       will have effect.

       --basetgz [basetgz-location]
              Specifies the location of base.tgz

              This  option  will define the default distribution and apt-lines
              when used in pbuilder --update and pbuilder --create

       --buildplace [location of build]
              Specifies the location where building and base.tgz updating  and
              creation takes place. This is a temporary work directory.

              A  subdirectory  of  that directory using the current PID of the
              process is used.

       --buildresult [location to put build result]
              Specifies  the  location  the  build  result  gets  into   after
              building.  The deb files and other files that have resulted from
              build is copied there.  Note that the default value is  not  the
              current     directory,     or    ..     but    another    place,
              /var/cache/pbuilder/result This is to avoid overwriting  already
              existing deb files with the newly generated ones.

       --mirror [mirror location]
              Specifies   the   URL  of  Debian  mirror  to  be  specified  in
              sources.list inside the chroot.  This option is only valid  when
              distribution  is  being  specified,  for  --update  and  --build
              targets.       The      format      is      something      like:
      which  should  point  to  your
              favourite mirror.

              This option can optionally be omitted, and left blank, in  which
              case, this part is skipped.

              Note  that  these  URLs  specified to pbuilder will be used from
              within the chroot, and  specifying  file:/somewhere/  will  most
              probably fail.

       --othermirror [deb http://xxx/xxx/ ./ | other deb lines... ]
              The  lines  which is added to the sources.list, delimited with |
              Like      deb      http://local/mirror      stable      main|deb
              file:/usr/local/mirror ./

              The  deb  lines here are the ones that will appear at the top of
              the sources.list inside the  chroot.   Be  sure  to  follow  the
              syntax  rules  of  sources.list(5).   These  lines appear at the
              beginning of the constructed sources file, so this is the  place
              to  list  your  local  mirror  sites;  apt will then use them in
              preference to the ones listed in --mirror .

       --distribution [distribution]
              Specifies the distribution used.  The supported values  are  the
              ones  debootstrap  supports,  plus experimental which is special
              cased  in  pbuilder.   For  instance  you  may   use:   sid   or
              experimental .

       --architecture [architecture]
              Specifies  the  architecture used.  The supported values are the
              ones debootstrap supports.  i386 or amd64 .

       --components [components]
              Specifies the default distribution components to use. eg.  "main
              contrib non-free".  Default is "main".

              Specify  to  use  different apt set up inside the chroot than it
              was used for creating the base.tgz.  Specify this when you  want
              to do pbuilder --update with a different distribution target set

              --distribution , --components , --mirror , --othermirror options
              are  only  valid  when  --override-config option is specified in
              --update target, or when pbuilder --create is being called.

       --http-proxy [proxy]
              Specifies    the    http    proxy    URL.     Something     like
     should do.

       --aptcache [location of retrieved package files]
              Specifies  the  location  where  the  packages downloaded by apt
              should be cached. Use --aptcache "" if you want  caching  to  be
              turned off.

       --configfile [configuration file to load]
              Additional   configuration   file   to   read  after  all  other
              configuration files have been read.

       --hookdir [location of user scripts]
              Specifies the  location  where  scripts  for  user  intervention
              during  the  --create and --update process are stored. Currently
              scripts are executed  at  only  one  point,  on  exit  from  the
              chrooted  environment,  just  before  either a create or a build
              regenerated the base.tgz file. The script names must be  in  the
              form   X<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>  much  like  boot
              scripts. The scripts  must  be  executable  and  may  be  either
              binaries or interpreted scripts. If it is a script in other than
              Bourne Shell or Perl, it  is  up  to  the  user  to  ensure  the
              interpreter   was   previously   installed   in   the   chrooted
              environment. Files ending in ~ or .bak are ignored.

              Although it may not seem necessary, pbuilder --update  does  not
              invoke  the hooks if --hookdir is empty, so if you want to avoid
              running hooks, run pbuilder with --hookdir ""

              If there is a distribution hook, for example,  if  there  was  a
              file  sid inside the hook directory, and the script was creating
              the chroot for sid distribution, pbuilder will call  debootstrap
              with  that  as the 4th parameter in the chroot creation process.
              This allows for use of custom debootstrap hook script.

              A<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is for  --build  target.
              It  is  executed  before build starts; after unpacking the build
              system, and unpacking the  source,  and  satisfying  the  build-

              B<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>  is executed after build
              system finishes building, successfully, before copying back  the
              build result.

              C<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>  is executed after build
              failure, before cleanup.

              D<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>   is   executed   before
              unpacking  the  source  inside  the chroot, after setting up the
              chroot environment.  Create $TMP, and $TMPDIR if necessary.

              This is  called  before  build-dependency  is  satisfied.   Also
              useful for calling apt-get update

              E<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want>    is   executed   after
              pbuilder --update
               and pbuilder --create finishes apt-get work  with  the  chroot,
              before  umounting  kernel  file systems (/proc) and creating the
              tarball from the chroot.

              F<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed just  before
              user  logs  in,  or  program  starts  executing, after chroot is
              created in --login or --execute target.

              G<digit><digit><whatever-else-you-want> is executed  just  after
              debootstrap  finishes, and configuration is loaded, and pbuilder
              starts mounting /proc and invoking apt-get install  in  --create

       --debbuildopts [options]

              List  of  options  that  are  passed  on  to  dpkg-buildpackage.
              Multiple flags are additive and appended ot the any value  given
              in  DEBBUILDOPTS  as specified in pbuilderrc.  To clear the list
              of options, pass the empty string, e.g.  --debbuildopts "".

              Multiple options are delimited with spaces, like  --debbuildopts
              "-j100 -E"

       --logfile [file to log]
              Specifies  the logfile to create.  The messages generated during
              execution will  be  written  to  the  specified  file,  and  the
              standard output.


              Specify  to  build  architecture specific targets instead of all
              targets.  Setting --debbuildopts after this option  will  re-set
              some parts of the effect.

              Use this option rather than using --debbuildopts -B

       --bindmounts bind-mount-points
              Bind-mount  the  specified  directories  to  inside  the chroot.
              bind-mount-points is a space-delimited list  of  directories  to
              bind-mount  which  should  be  specified  in  a  space-delimited
              manner, surrounded in double quotations,  like:  "/srv  /somedir

       --debootstrapopts --variant=buildd
              Add extra command-line options to debootstrap.

              Specify  multiple  options  through  multiple  instance  of this
              option, for example:

              --debootstrapopts --arch=arm --debootstrapopts --variant=buildd

       --debootstrap debootstrap
              Use specified debootstrap implementation as debootstrap.   Known
              implementations  are cdebootstrap and debootstrap and default is
              to use debootstrap.


              Save the chroot image after exiting from the chroot  instead  of
              deleting changes.  Effective for login and execute session.

              Clean  apt cache automatically, to run apt-get autoclean to only
              keep the packages which are required for the version of  Debian.
              This  is  useful  when  you  keep  a aptcache directory for each
              distribution and want to keep the size of the aptcache down.

       --help  Show a brief help message.


       Some options are more involved to pbuilder internal  than  others.  The
       following options are available.

       --removepackages [packages to remove]
              Removes  the packages on creating the base.tgz.  Use this option
              to remove potentially dangerous or  undesirable  packages,  like
              lilo which nobody will need to have inside a chroot.

              Packages  should  be  specified  in  a  space-delimited  manner,
              surrounded in double quotations, like "lilo gcc mawk"

       --extrapackages [packages to add]
              Adds packages specified as an addition to the default, which  is
              build-essential  by  default.   This  is  used  in  --build  and
              --create (after successfully creating the  initial  chroot)  and

              The packages should be specified as a space-delimited list.

       --debemail [maintainer-name <email-address>]

              Specifies  that  dpkg-buildpackage  be called with -mmaintainer-
              name <email-address> instead of default value specified  in  the
              environment variable, or pbuilderrc

              This option is almost obsolete, use --debbuildopts instead

              Alternative option to --logfile option.  Automatically creates a
              logfile that is  named  by  the  .dsc  file  name,  only  really
              applicable for --build target.

              The  file extension is specified by PKGNAME_LOGFILE_EXTENTION in

       --aptconfdir [APT configuration directory to use]
              Uses the apt configuration file found in the specified directory
              as  the  chroot configuration.  /etc/apt is one example, so that
              the same configuration can be used inside the chroot.

              This  option  overrides  other  options,  and  may  cause   some
              inconsistency problems.

       --timeout [timeout in sleep time]
              Time  out  building  after sleeping set time.  Specify something
              like --timeout 10h in the command line.  Default is no  timeout.

              Not  using base.tgz for operation.  The --buildplace will not be
              deleted and reconstructed from a .tar.gz file.   Also,  pbuilder
              will  not  add  its process ID to the --buildplace as it usually

              Useful when experimenting with  chroots,  or  trying  to  create
              chroots outside control of pbuilder.

              Build  the package twice in a row.  Useful to ensure the package
              cleans up properly.  The resulting packages are  the  ones  from
              the second build.

              Do not clean the --buildplace if it has the same contents as the
              .tar.gz file, and no modifications are done.

              For  preserving  the  build  place  for  --create  and  --update
              targets, see --debug option.

              As  with  --no-targz, suppresses appending pbuilder’s process ID
              to the --buildplace.

              This is useful if you want to attempt to build a large number of
              packages  successively,  but you expect that many of them cannot
              have their build dependencies satisfied.

              It will clean  up  the  build  place  on  failure,  or  after  a
              successful build.


              Turn  on Debug mode of pbuilder, to be verbose about errors, and
              try to avoid cleanup processing when error happens  in  --update
              and --create targets.

       --inputfile filename

              Add  extra  file  to  be  copied to /tmp/buildd inside the build

              available in --build and --login and --execute targets.


              The system-wide configuration file for pbuilder.

              The default settings for pbuilder,  used  as  fallback  for  all
              values that is not specified in /etc/pbuilderrc.

              The  personal  configuration  file for pbuilder, which overrides
              settings set in other configuration files.


       pbuilder --create

              # pbuilder --create
              Distribution is sid.
              Building the build environment
               -> running debootstrap
              I: Retrieving Release
              I: Retrieving Packages
              I: Validating Packages

       pbuilder --update

              # pbuilder --update
              W: /home/dancer/.pbuilderrc does not exist
              Building the build Environment
               -> extracting base tarball [/var/cache/pbuilder/base.tgz]

       pbuilder --build

              # pbuilder --build dsh_*.dsc
              I: using fakeroot in build.
              Current time: Sat Jan 20 12:03:34 JST 2007
              pbuilder-time-stamp: 1169262214
              Building the build Environment
               -> extracting base tarball [/home/dancer/DEBIAN/pbuilder/pbuilder/testsuite/tmp.FeeAX18779/testimage]
               -> creating local configuration


       This program is starting to have too many options already.


       Initial  coding,  and  main  maintenance  is  done  by  Junichi  Uekawa
       <>.  User hooks code added by Dale Amon <>

       The homepage is available at


       /usr/share/doc/pbuilder/pbuilder-doc.html, pdebuild(1), pbuilderrc(5)