GNU Parted - a partition manipulation program
parted [options] [device [command [options...]...]]
parted is a disk partitioning and partition resizing program. It
allows you to create, destroy, resize, move and copy ext2, linux-swap,
FAT, FAT32, and reiserfs partitions. It can create, resize, and move
Macintosh HFS partitions, as well as detect jfs, ntfs, ufs, and xfs
partitions. It is useful for creating space for new operating systems,
reorganising disk usage, and copying data to new hard disks.
This manual page documents parted briefly. Complete documentation is
distributed with the package in GNU Info format; see near the bottom.
displays a help message
lists partition layout on all block devices
displays machine parseable output
never prompts for user intervention
displays the version
-a alignment-type, --align alignment-type
Set alignment for newly created partitions, valid alignment
none Use the minimum alignment allowed by the disk type.
Align partitions to cylinders.
Use minimum alignment as given by the disk topology
information. This and the opt value will use layout
information provided by the disk to align the logical
partition table addresses to actual physical blocks on
the disks. The min value is the minimum aligment needed
to align the partition properly to physical blocks, which
avoids performance degradation.
Use optimum alignment as given by the disk topology
information. This aligns to a multiple of the physical
block size in a way that guarantees optimal performance.
The block device to be used. When none is given, parted will
use the first block device it finds.
Specifies the command to be executed. If no command is given,
parted will present a command prompt. Possible commands are:
Do a simple check on partition.
cp [source-device] source dest
Copy the source partition's filesystem on source-device
(or the current device if no other device was specified)
to the dest partition on the current device.
Print general help, or help on command if specified.
mkfs partition fs-type
Make a filesystem fs-type on partition. fs-type can be
one of "fat16", "fat32", "ext2", "linux-swap", or
Create a new disklabel (partition table) of label-type.
label-type should be one of "bsd", "dvh", "gpt", "loop",
"mac", "msdos", "pc98", or "sun".
mkpart part-type [fs-type] start end
Make a part-type partition with filesystem fs-type (if
specified), beginning at start and ending at end (by
default in megabytes). fs-type can be one of "fat16",
"fat32", "ext2", "HFS", "linux-swap", "NTFS", "reiserfs",
or "ufs". part-type should be one of "primary",
"logical", or "extended".
mkpartfs part-type fs-type start end
Make a part-type partition with filesystem fs-type
beginning at start and ending at end (by default in
megabytes). Using this command is discouraged. Instead
use mkpart to create an empty partition, and then use
external tools like mke2fs(8) to create the filesystem.
move partition start end
Move partition so that it begins at start and ends at
end. Note: move never changes the minor number.
name partition name
Set the name of partition to name. This option works only
on Mac, PC98, and GPT disklabels. The name can be placed
in quotes, if necessary.
print Display the partition table.
quit Exit from parted.
rescue start end
Rescue a lost partition that was located somewhere
between start and end. If a partition is found, parted
will ask if you want to create an entry for it in the
resize partition start end
Resize the filesystem on partition so that it begins at
start and ends at end (by default in megabytes).
Choose device as the current device to edit. device
should usually be a Linux hard disk device, but it can be
a partition, software raid device, or an LVM logical
volume if necessary.
set partition flag state
Change the state of the flag on partition to state.
Supported flags are: "boot", "root", "swap", "hidden",
"raid", "lvm", "lba", and "palo". state should be either
"on" or "off".
Set unit as the unit to use when displaying locations and
sizes, and for interpreting those given by the user when
not suffixed with an explicit unit. unit can be one of
"s" (sectors), "B" (bytes), "kB", "MB", "GB", "TB", "%"
(percentage of device size), "cyl" (cylinders), "chs"
(cylinders, heads, sectors), or "compact" (megabytes for
input, and a human-friendly form for output).
Display version information and a copyright message.
ext3 filesystem functionality does not currently work. To manage ext3
type filesystems use tools like resize2fs(8) or mke2fs(8). Note that
the currently supported ext2 filesystem will be deprecated once ext3
support is finalized. Further note that ext3 support will have limited
functionality that is yet to be defined. Use tools like resize2fs(8)
and mke2fs(8) to manage these types of filesystems.
To manually resize an ext3 filesystem and/or a partition use
resize2fs(8), fdisk(8) or similar tools. For LVM situations, you will
need to use the LVM commands to resize the LVM elements.
Report bugs to <email@example.com>
fdisk(8), mkfs(8), The parted program is fully documented in the
info(1) format GNU partitioning software manual which is distributed
with the parted-doc Debian package.
This manual page was written by Timshel Knoll <firstname.lastname@example.org>, for
the Debian GNU/Linux system (but may be used by others).