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       papd - AppleTalk print server daemon


       papd [-d] [-f configfile] [-p printcap]


       papd is the AppleTalk printer daemon. This daemon accepts print jobs
       from AppleTalk clients (typically Macintosh computers) using the
       Printer Access Protocol (PAP). When used with System V printing
       systems, papd spools jobs directly into an lpd(8) spool directory and
       wakes up lpd after accepting a job from the network to have it
       re-examine the appropriate spool directory. The actual printing and
       spooling is handled entirely by lpd.

       papd can also pipe the print job to an external program for processing,
       and this is the preferred method on systems not using CUPS to avoid
       compatibility problems with all the flavours of lpd in use.

       As of version 2.0, CUPS is also supported. Simply using cupsautoadd as
       first papd.conf entry will share all CUPS printers automagically using
       the PPD files configured in CUPS. It ist still possible to overwrite
       these defaults by individually define printer shares. See papd.conf(5)
       for details.

       papd is typically started at boot time, out of system init scripts. It
       first reads from its configuration file, /etc/netatalk/papd.conf. The
       file is in the same format as /etc/printcap. See printcap(5) for
       details. The name of the entry is registered with NBP.

       The following options are supported:

       Name   Type    Default     Description
        pd    str    ´.ppd´       Pathname to PPD
        pr    str    ´lp´         LPD or CUPS
                                  printer name (or
                                  pipe to a print
        op    str    ´operator´   Operator name for LPD
        au    bool   false        Whether to do
                                  authenticated printing
                                  or not
        ca    str    NULL         Pathname used for
        sp    bool   false        PSSP-style
        am    str    NULL         UAMS to use for
        pa    str    NULL         Printer´s AppleTalk
        co    str    NULL         CUPS options as
                                  supplied to the lp(1)
                                  command with "-o"
        fo    bool   false        adjust lineending for

       If no configuration file is given, the hostname of the machine is used
       as the NBP name and all options take their default value.


           Do not fork or disassociate from the terminal. Write some debugging
           information to stderr.

       -f configfile
           Consult configfile instead of /etc/netatalk/papd.conf for the
           configuration information.

       -p printcap
           Consult printcap instead of /etc/printcap for LPD configuration


       PSSP (Print Server Security Protocol) is an authentication protocol
       carried out through postscript printer queries to the print server.
       Using PSSP requires LaserWriter 8.6.1 or greater on the client mac. The
       user will be prompted to enter their username and password before they
       print. It may be necessary to re-setup the printer on each client the
       first time PSSP is enabled, so that the client can figure out that
       authentication is required to print. You can enable PSSP on a
       per-printer basis. PSSP is the recommended method of authenticating
       printers as it is more robust than CAP-style authentication, described

       CAP-style authentication gets its name from the method the CAP
       (Columbia APpletalk) package used to authenticate its mac clients´
       printing. This method requires that a user login to a file share before
       they print.  afpd records the username in a temporary file named after
       the client´s Appletalk address, and it deletes the temporary file when
       the user disconnects. Therefore CAP style authentification will not
       work for clients connected to afpd via TCP/IP.  papd gets the username
       from the file with the same Appletalk address as the machine connecting
       to it. CAP-style authentication will work with any mac client. If both
       CAP and PSSP are enabled for a particular printer, CAP will be tried
       first, then papd will fall back to PSSP.

       The list of UAMs to use for authentication (specified with the ´am´
       option) applies to all printers. It is not possible to define different
       authentication methods on each printer. You can specify the list of
       UAMS multiple times, but only the last setting will be used. Currently
       only and are supported as printer
       authentication methods. The guest method requires a valid username, but
       not a password. The Cleartext UAM requires both a valid username and
       the correct password.

           As of this writing, Mac OS X makes no use of PSSP authentication
           any longer. CAP-style authentication normally won´t be an option,
           too caused by the use of AFP over TCP these days.


           Default configuration file.

           Printer capabilities database.

           PostScript Printer Description file. papd answers configuration and
           font queries from printing clients by consulting the configured PPD
           file. Such files are available for download from Adobe, Inc.
           ([1]), or from the
           printer´s manufacturer. If no PPD file is configured, papd will
           return the default answer, possibly causing the client to send
           excessively large jobs.


       papd accepts characters with the high bit set (a full 8-bits) from the
       clients, but some PostScript printers (including Apple Computer´s
       LaserWriter family) only accept 7-bit characters on their serial
       interface by default. The same applies for some printers when they´re
       accessed via TCP/IP methods (remote LPR or socket). You will need to
       configure your printer to accept a full 8 bits or take special
       precautions and convert the printjob´s encoding (eg. by using
       co="protocol=BCP" when using CUPS 1.1.19 or above).

       When printing clients run MacOS 10.2 or above, take care that PPDs do
       not make use of *cupsFilter: comments unless the appropriate filters
       are installed at the client´s side, too (remember: Starting with 10.2
       Apple chose to integrate CUPS into MacOS X). For in-depth information
       on how CUPS uses PPDs see chapter 3.4 in[2]).


       lpr(1),lprm(1),printcap(5),lpc(8),lpd(8), lp(1).