memtester - stress test to find memory subsystem faults.
memtester [-p PHYSADDR] <MEMORY> [ITERATIONS]
memtester is an effective userspace tester for stress-testing the
memory subsystem. It is very effective at finding intermittent and
non-deterministic faults. Note that problems in other hardware areas
(overheating CPU, out-of-specification power supply, etc.) can cause
intermittent memory faults, so it is still up to you to determine where
the fault lies through normal hardware diagnostic procedures; memtester
just helps you determine whether a problem exists.
memtester will malloc(3) the amount of memory specified, if possible.
If this fails, it will decrease the amount of memory requested until it
succeeds. It will then attempt to mlock(3) this memory; if it cannot
do so, testing will be slower and much less effective. Run memtester
as root so that it can mlock the memory it tests.
Note that the maximum amount of memory that memtester can test will be
less than the total amount of memory installed in the system; the
operating system, libraries, and other system limits take some of the
available memory. memtester is also limited to the amount of memory
available to a single process; for example, on 32-bit machines with
more than 4GB of memory, memtester is still limited to less than 4GB.
Note that it is up to you to know how much memory you can safely
allocate for testing. If you attempt to allocate more memory than is
available, memtester should figure that out, reduce the amount
slightly, and try again. However, this can lead to memtester
successfully allocating and mlocking essentially all free memory on the
system -- if other programs are running, this can lead to excessive
swapping and slowing the system down to the point that it is difficult
to use. If the system allows allocation of more memory than is
actually available (overcommit), it may lead to a deadlock, where the
system halts. If the system has an out-of-memory process killer (like
Linux), memtester or another process may be killed by the OOM killer.
So choose wisely.
tells memtester to test a specific region of memory starting at
physical address PHYSADDR (given in hex), by mmap(2)ing
/dev/mem. This is mostly of use to hardware developers, for
testing memory-mapped I/O devices and similar. Note that the
memory region will be overwritten during testing, so it is not
safe to specify memory which is allocated for the system or for
other applications; doing so will cause them to crash. If you
absolutely must test a particular region of actual physical
memory, arrange to have that memory allocated by your test
software, and hold it in this allocated state, then run
memtester on it with this option.
MEMORY the amount of memory to allocate and test, in megabytes by
default. You can include a suffix of B, K, M, or G to indicate
bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, or gigabytes respectively.
(optional) number of loops to iterate through. Default is
memtester must be run with root privileges to mlock(3) its pages.
Testing memory without locking the pages in place is mostly pointless
memtester’s exit code is 0 when everything works properly. Otherwise,
it is the logical OR of the following values:
x01 error allocating or locking memory, or invocation error
x02 error during stuck address test
x04 error during one of the other tests
Written by Charles Cazabon.
Report bugs to <email@example.com>.
Copyright © 2009 Charles Cazabon
This is free software; see the file COPYING for copying conditions.
There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A