nnrpd - NNTP server for on-campus hosts
nnrpd [ -r reason ] [ -s title padding ] [ -S host ] [ -t ]
Nnrpd is an NNTP server for newsreaders. It accepts commands on its
standard input and responds on its standard output. It is normally
invoked by innd(8) with those descriptors attached to a remote client
Unlike innd, nnrpd supports all NNTP commands for user-oriented reading
Nnrpd uses the nnrp.access(5) file to control who is authorized to
access the Usenet database. It will also reject connections if the
load average is greater than 10.
On exit, nnrpd will report usage statistics through syslog(3).
Nnrpd can accept multimedia postings that follow the MIME standard as
long as such postings are also acceptible as SMTP messages. See the
discussion of the MIME headers in inn.conf(5).
-r If the ‘‘-r’’ flag is used, then nnrpd will reject the incoming
connection giving reason as the text. This flag is used by innd
when it is paused or throttled.
-s As each command is received, nnrpd tries to change its ‘‘argv’’
array so that ps(1) will print out the command being executed.
To get a full display, the ‘‘-s’’ flag may be used with a long
string as its argument, which will be overwritten when the
program changes its title.
-t If the ‘‘-t’’ flag is used then all client commands and initial
responses will be traced by reporting them in syslog. This flag
is set by innd under the control of the ctlinnd(8) ‘‘trace’’
command, and is toggled upon receipt of a SIGHUP; see signal(2).
-S If the ‘‘-S’’ flag is used, then all postings are forwarded to
the specified host, which should be the master NNTP server.
This flag is set by innd if it is started with the ‘‘-S’’ flag.
Nnrpd implements the NNTP commands defined in RFC 977, with the
1. The ihave command is not implemented. Users should be using
the post command to post articles.
2 The slave command is not implemented. This command has
never been fully defined.
3 The list command may be followed by the optional word
active.times, distributions, distrib.pats,
newsgroups, subscriptions, or overview.fmt to get a
list of when newsgroups where created, a list of valid
distributions, a file specifying default distribution patterns,
a one-per-line description of the current set of newsgroups, a
list of the automatic group subscriptions, or a listing of the
overview.fmt(5) file. The command list active is equivalent
to the list command. This is a common extension.
4. The xhdr, authinfo user, and authinfo pass commands
are implemented. These are based on the reference Unix
implementation; no other documentation is available.
5. A new command, xpat header range|MessageID pat [morepat...],
is provided. The first argument is the case-insensitive name of
the header to be searched. The second argument is either an
article range or a single Message-ID, as specified in RFC 977.
The third argument is a wildmat(3)-style pattern; if there are
additional arguments they are joined together separated by a
single space to form the complete pattern. This command is
similar to the xhdr command. It returns a 221 response
code, followed by the text response of all article numbers that
match the pattern.
6. The listgroup group command is provided. This is a comment
extension. It is equivalent to the group command, except
that the reply is a multi-line response containing the list of
all article numbers in the group.
7. The xgtitle [group] command is provided. This extension is
used by ANU-News. It returns a 282 reply code, followed by a
one-line description of all newsgroups that match the pattern.
The default is the current group.
8. The xover [range] command is provided. It returns a 224
reply code, followed by the overview data for the specified
range; the default is to return the data for the current
9. The xpath MessageID command is provided; see innd(8).
10. The date command is provided; this is based on the draft
NNTP protocol revision. It returns a one-line response code of
111 followed by the GMT date and time on the server in the form
Written by Rich $alz <email@example.com> for InterNetNews. Overview
support added by Rob Robertston <firstname.lastname@example.org> and Rich in
January, 1993. This is revision 1.14, dated 1996/10/29.
ctlinnd(8), innd(8), inn.conf(5), nnrp.access(5), signal(2),