depmod - program to generate modules.dep and map files.
depmod [ -b basedir ] [ -e ] [ -F System.map ] [ -n ] [ -v ] [
version ] [ -A ]
depmod [ -e ] [ -FSystem.map ] [ -n ] [ -v ] [ version ] [
Linux kernel modules can provide services (called "symbols") for other
modules to use (using one of the EXPORT_SYMBOL variants in the code).
If a second module uses this symbol, that second module clearly depends
on the first module. These dependencies can get quite complex.
depmod creates a list of module dependencies by reading each module
under /lib/modules/version and determining what symbols it exports and
what symbols it needs. By default, this list is written to modules.dep,
and a binary hashed version named modules.dep.bin, in the same
directory. If filenames are given on the command line, only those
modules are examined (which is rarely useful unless all modules are
listed). depmod also creates a list of symbols provided by modules in
the file named modules.symbols and its binary hashed version,
If a version is provided, then that kernel version’s module directory
is used rather than the current kernel version (as returned by uname
depmod will also generate various legacy map files in the output
directory for use by the older hotplug infrastructure. These map files
are largely deprecated.
Probe all modules. This option is enabled by default if no file
names are given in the command-line.
This option scans to see if any modules are newer than the
modules.dep file before any work is done: if not, it silently
exits rather than regenerating the files.
-b basedir --basedir basedir
If your modules are not currently in the (normal) directory
/lib/modules/version, but in a staging area, you can specify a
basedir which is prepended to the directory name. This basedir
is stripped from the resulting modules.dep file, so it is ready
to be moved into the normal location. Use this option if you are
a distribution vendor who needs to pre-generate the meta-data
files rather than running depmod again later.
-C --config file or directory
This option overrides the default configuration file at
/etc/depmod.conf (or the /etc/depmod.d/ directory if that is not
When combined with the -F option, this reports any symbols which
a module needs which are not supplied by other modules or the
kernel. Normally, any symbols not provided by modules are
assumed to be provided by the kernel (which should be true in a
perfect world), but this assumption can break espencially when
additionally updated third party drivers are not correctly
installed or were built incorrectly.
-F --filesyms System.map
Supplied with the System.map produced when the kernel was built,
this allows the -e option to report unresolved symbols.
Print the help message and exit.
This sends the resulting modules.dep and the various map files
to standard output rather than writing them into the module
In verbose mode, depmod will print (to stdout) all the symbols
each module depends on and the module’s file name which provides
Show version of program and exit. See below for caveats when run
on older kernels.
This manual page originally Copyright 2002, Rusty Russell, IBM
Corporation. Maintained by Jon Masters and others.
depmod.conf(5), depmod.d(5), modprobe(8), modules.dep(5)