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       asetkey - Add a key from a keytab to an AFS KeyFile


       asetkey add <kvno> <keyfile> <principal>

       asetkey add <kvno> <key>

       asetkey delete <kvno>

       asetkey list


       The asetkey command is used to add a key to an AFS KeyFile from a
       Kerberos keytab.  It is similar to bos addkey except that it must be
       run locally on the system where the KeyFile is located and it takes the
       new key from the command line or a Kerberos 5 keytab rather than
       prompting for the password.

       asetkey delete can be used to delete a key (similar to bos removekeys),
       and asetkey list will list the keys in a KeyFile (similar to bos

       asetkey is used when authentication for an AFS cell is provided by a
       Kerberos 5 KDC rather than kaserver.  The key for the "afs" or
       "afs/cell name" principal in the Kerberos 5 KDC must match the key
       stored in the AFS KeyFile on all AFS database servers and file servers.
       This is done by creating a keytab containing that key using the
       standard Kerberos commands (generally the "ktadd" function of the
       kadmin command) and then, on each AFS database server and file server,
       adding that key to the KeyFile with asetkey add.  The kvno chosen
       should match the kvno in the Kerberos KDC (checked with kvno or the
       "getprinc" function of kadmin).  principal should be the name of the
       AFS principal in the keytab, which must be either "afs" or "afs/cell
       name". asetkey can also be used to install a key from a hex string.

       In cells that use the Update Server to distribute the contents of the
       /etc/openafs/server directory, it is conventional to run asetkey add
       only on the control machine and then let the Update Server propagate
       the new KeyFile to all other systems.


       AFS currently only supports des-cbc-crc:v4 Kerberos keys.  Make sure,
       when creating the keytab with "ktadd", you pass "-e des-cbc-crc:v4" to
       force the encryption type.  Otherwise, AFS authentication may not work.

       As soon as a new keytab is created with "ktadd", new AFS service
       tickets will use the new key.  However, tokens formed from those
       service tickets will only work if the new key is present in the KeyFile
       on the AFS file server.  There is therefore an outage window between
       when the new keytab is created and when the key had been added to the
       KeyFile of all AFS servers with asetkey, during which newly obtained
       AFS tokens will not work properly.

       All of the KeyFile entries must match the key in the Kerberos KDC, but
       each time "ktadd" is run, it creates a new key.  Either the Update
       Server must be used to distribute the KeyFile to all servers or the
       same keytab must be used with asetkey on each server.


       The following commands create a new keytab for the principal "afs" and
       then import the key into the KeyFile.  Note the kvno in the output from

           % kadmin
           Authenticating as principal rra/ with password.
           Password for rra/
           kadmin:  ktadd -k /tmp/afs.keytab -e des-cbc-crc:v4 afs
           Entry for principal afs with kvno 3, encryption type DES cbc mode
           with CRC-32 added to keytab WRFILE:/tmp/afs.keytab.
           kadmin:  exit
           % asetkey 3 /tmp/afs.keytab afs

       You may want to use "afs/cell name" instead of "afs", particularly if
       you may have multiple AFS cells for a single Kerberos realm.

       In the event you have been distributed a key by a Kerberos
       administrator in the form of a hex string, you may use asetkey to
       install that.

           % asetkey add 3 80b6a7cd7a9dadb6

       key should be an 8 byte hex representation.


       The issuer must be able to read (for asetkey list) and write (for
       asetkey add and asetkey delete) the KeyFile, normally
       /etc/openafs/server/KeyFile.  In practice, this means that the issuer
       must be the local superuser "root" on the AFS file server or database
       server.  For asetkey add, the issuer must also be able to read the
       specified keytab file.


       KeyFile(5), bos_addkey(8), bos_listkeys(8), bos_removekey(8),
       kadmin(8), kvno(1)


       Copyright 2006 Russ Allbery <>

       This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0.
       This man page was written by Russ Allbery for OpenAFS.