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       archive - Usenet article archiver


       archive [-cfr] [-a archive] [-i index] [-p pattern] [input]


       archive makes copies of files specified on its standard input.  It is
       normally run either as a channel feed under innd or by a script before
       news.daily is run.

       archive reads the named input file, or standard input if no file is
       given.  The input is taken as a sequence of lines; blank lines and
       lines starting with a number sign ("#") are ignored.  All other lines
       should specify the token of an article to archive.  Every article is
       retrieved from a token, and the Xref: header is used to determine the
       target file in the archive directory.  You can limit the targets taken
       from the Xref: header with the -p option.

       Files are copied to a directory within the archive directory,
       patharchive in inn.conf (or some other directory given with -a).  The
       default is to create a hierarchy that mimics a traditional news spool
       storage of the given articles; intermediate directories will be created
       as needed.  For example, if the input token represents article 2211 in
       the newsgroup comp.sources.unix, archive will by default store the
       article as:


       in the archive area.  This can be modified with the -c and -f options.


       -a archive
           If the -a flag is given, its argument specifies the root of the
           archive area, instead of patharchive in inn.conf.

       -c  If the -c flag is given, directory names will be flattened as
           described under the -f option.  Then, additionally, all posts will
           be concatenated into a single file, appending to that file if it
           already exists.  The file name will be "YYYYMM", formed from the
           current time when archive is run.  In other words, if given an
           article in comp.sources.unix on December 14th, 1998, the article
           would be appended to the file:


           in the archive area.

           Articles will be separated by a line containing only "-----------".

       -f  If the -f flag is used, directory names will be flattened,
           replacing the slashes with the periods.  In other words, article
           2211 in comp.sources.unix will be written to:


           in the archive area.

       -i index
           If the -i flag is used, archive will append one line to the file
           index for each article that it archives.  This line will contain
           the destination file name, the Message-ID: header, and the Subject:
           header of the message, separated by spaces.  If either header is
           missing (normally not possible if the article was accepted by
           innd), it will be replaced by "<none>".  The headers will be
           transformed using the same rules as are used to generate overview
           data (unfolded and then with tabs, CR, and LF replaced by spaces).

       -p pattern
           Limits the targets taken from the Xref: header to the groups
           specified in pattern.  pattern is a uwildmat(3) pattern matching
           newsgroups that you wish to have archive handle.

       -r  By default, archive sets its standard error to pathlog/errlog.  To
           suppress this redirection, use the -r flag.


       If the input is exhausted, archive will exit with a zero status.  If an
       I/O error occurs, it will try to spool its input, copying it to a file.
       If there was no input filename, the standard input will be copied to
       pathoutgoing/archive and the program will exit.  If an input filename
       was given, a temporary file named input.bch (if input is an absolute
       pathname) or pathoutgoing/input.bch (if the filename does not begin
       with a slash) is created.  Once the input is copied, archive will try
       to rename this temporary file to be the name of the input file, and
       then exit.


       A typical newsfeeds(5) entry to archive most source newsgroups is as

               :<pathbin>/archive -f -i <patharchive>/INDEX

       Replace <pathbin> and <patharchive> with the appropriate paths.


       Written by Rich $alz <> for InterNetNews.  Converted
       to POD by Russ Allbery <>.

       $Id: archive.pod 7851 2008-05-26 19:33:08Z iulius $


       inn.conf(5), newsfeeds(5).