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       apache2 - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server


       apache2 [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive
       ]  [  -D  parameter  ]  [   -e   level   ]   [   -E   file   ]   [   -k
       start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop  ]  [ -R directory ] [ -h ] [
       -l ] [ -L ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -v ] [ -V ] [ -X ] [ -M ]


       apache2  is  the  Apache  HyperText  Transfer  Protocol  (HTTP)  server
       program.  It is designed to be run as a standalone daemon process. When
       used like this it will create a pool of child processes or  threads  to
       handle requests.

       In  general,  apache2 should not be invoked directly, but rather should
       be invoked via /etc/init.d/apache2 or apache2ctl.  The  default  Debian
       configuration  requires  environment  variables  that  are  defined  in
       /etc/apache2/envvars and  are  not  available  if  apache2  is  started
       directly.   However, apache2ctl can be used to pass arbitrary arguments
       to apache2.


       The full documentation is available in the apache2-doc  package  or  at  .  Information about Debian specific
       changes      and      configuration      can      be      found      in
       /usr/share/doc/apache2.2-common/README.Debian.gz .


       -d serverroot
              Set   the   initial   value  for  the  ServerRoot  directive  to
              serverroot. This can be overridden by the  ServerRoot  directive
              in the configuration file.

       -f config
              Uses  the  directives  in  the file config on startup. If config
              does not begin with a /, then it is taken to be a path  relative
              to the ServerRoot. The default is /etc/apache2/apache2.conf.

       -k start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop
              Signals  apache2 to start, restart, or stop. See Stopping Apache
              for more information.

       -C directive
              Process the configuration directive before reading config files.

       -c directive
              Process  the configuration directive after reading config files.

       -D parameter
              Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine>
              sections  in  the  configuration  files to conditionally skip or
              process commands at server startup and restart.

       -e level
              Sets the LogLevel to level during server startup. This is useful
              for  temporarily  increasing the verbosity of the error messages
              to find problems during startup.

       -E file
              Send error messages during server startup to file.

       -R directory
              When the server is compiled using  the  SHARED_CORE  rule,  this
              specifies the directory for the shared object files.

       -h     Output a short summary of available command line options.

       -l     Output a list of modules compiled into the server. This will not
              list dynamically loaded modules included  using  the  LoadModule

       -L     Output a list of directives together with expected arguments and
              places where the directive is valid.

       -M     Dump a list of loaded Static and Shared Modules.

       -S     Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only
              shows the virtualhost settings).

       -t     Run  syntax  tests  for  configuration  files  only. The program
              immediately exits after these syntax parsing tests with either a
              return  code  of  0  (Syntax  OK)  or return code not equal to 0
              (Syntax Error). If -D DUMP_VHOSTS is also set,  details  of  the
              virtual  host  configuration will be printed. If -D DUMP_MODULES
              is set, all loaded modules will be printed.

       -v     Print the version of apache2, and then exit.

       -V     Print the version and build  parameters  of  apache2,  and  then

       -X     Run  apache2  in debug mode. Only one worker will be started and
              the server will not detach from the console.


       apache2ctl(8), /usr/share/doc/apache2.2-common/README.Debian.gz