xpat2 - generic patience game for X11
xpat2 [ options ] [ seed ] [ saved game ]
xpat2 is the successor of xpat, a generic patience game which can be
used with different rule sets. It does understand the rules of the
well-known Spider game, as well as Klondike and others. It features a
flexible layout which responds to window resize commands and
possibilities to customize the existing rules. xpat2 has either a
bitmap-based card drawing routine or a pixmap based routine (selectable
at compile time). With the pixmap based drawing routine, antialiased
colour images of the rank and suit symbols are supplied. The bitmap
card images are black and red by default, but users can supply images
of complete colour cards in XPM format.
xpat2 may be compiled with the Athena widget set (or its nicer
replacement, the Xaw3d widget set), or with a standard Xlib interface.
The command line parameters and X resource names of these versions
differ. This manual page describes only the Athena widget version, for
the Xlib options please refer to the xpat manual page.
RULE CUSTOMIZATION OPTIONS
-rules rule name
This option specifies the initial rule set for xpat. Valid rule
names are Gypsy, Spider, FreeCell, Klondike, and Seahaven, Monte
Carlo, Calculation, Canfield, Baker’s Dozen, and others. Supply an
invalid rule name to see a complete listing.
The initial rule set may also be given by the name of the
executable (capitalisation is important). A predefined rule set may
be customized by the following options, but not all options apply
to every rule set.
Use a different number of slots.
Use a different number of temporary storage places.
Use a different number of decks. Every deck has a full set of 52
cards. This option does also set the number of stacks. (To 4 times
the number of decks, naturally.)
Specifies the number of cards per slot which are initially dealt
face-down (i.e. invisible).
Specifies the number of cards per slot which are initially dealt
Specifies the number of jokers in the game (increasing the number
of cards). With jokers, you have to put all ordinary cards onto
the stacks and keep the jokers on the slots.
-flips number -turn number -rotations number (Resource:
Tableau.relaxed to Tableau.rotations)
Defines game specific customisation parameters.
This option affects the random number generator. rng 0 (used up to
version 1.03 of xpat2) has been found to generate not uniformly
distributed permutations. You may activate it to be able to replay
old saved games. The default is rng 1.
All standard X toolkit parameters may be given, such as
Specifies on which display to run.
(Resource: geometry) Specifies the initial geometry.
Other options are:
cardset is the filename of an external bitmap card set which will
be used instead of the built-in cardset. There are two card sets,
namely small and french. You can also give the full pathname of a
Tells xpat2 to search xpmdir for colour replacements of the card
images. The filenames searched for are Joker.xpm and Rank.Suit.xpm,
where Rank is one of Two to Ten, or one of Jack, Queen, King, Ace.
The display must be capable of displaying all images at the same
time. For a 256-colour display, no more than 128 colours should be
used for all card images together. An additional file,
Cardback.xpm, may give you nice cardbacks.
If the directory name xpmdir does not start with a dot or a slash,
it is interpreted as a subdirectory of /usr/share/games/xpat.
Tells xpat2 to allow using colours of the given closeness when
allocation of the real colour fails during the reading of an xpm
file. This option is useful on 8-bit X-servers when many colours
are already allocated by other applications (typically when using a
Sets the background color to color. The default is LightSlateGrey.
Sets the background color of the cards to color. The default is
SlateGrey. This option is not in effect when an XPM replacement for
the cardback is used.
Sets the width of the dashed frame which marks selected cards. If
this width is at least half of the card width, marked cards will be
shaded. The default is to shade the cards.
Sets the color of the marking frame.
Enables or Disables sound.
NATIVE LANGUAGE SUPPORT
xpat2 has simple support for different languages. All messages which
appear in the X11 window may be overloaded by files, as well as the key
bindings. The typical support consists of an application-defaults
file, a message file, and a keyboard file. Possibly translated online-
help files are also there. To select a different language, call xpat2
after setting the environment variable LANG to the desired value. Some
ISO3166 language codes will be mapped to their correspondig xpat2
directory names. Currently, italian and german versions are available,
and fragments of a french and russian version. The russian version
requires a special cyrillic font, sq01. The bdf-file is distributed
with xpat2, you have to convert it into a format supported by your X-
server (pcf, snf, ...)
and a number of subdirs of /usr/share/games/xpat, containing sets of
Almost none. (Type ’v’ to see the version number. This is the man-page
of xpat2 version 1.06, using Athena Widgets. The game may behave
somewhat different when used with another widget set.)
Correct cheat counting is not implemented in all rules.
Only a few rule customisations are checked and meaningful.
The Motif/Lesstif and Xview interfaces doesn’t work reliable. Any
xpat2 uses a lot of colours when compiled with the module X-gfx2 and
may therefore fail to start if you have an 8-bit or monochrome display.
In this case, compile the game using the graphics loader X-gfx1, which
uses the original card images from spider or start the game using the
option -cards french, which uses monochrome card graphics from the file
french.cards. On 8-bit displays you can also experiment with the
There is a problem with X-servers which are short on memory. In this
case, some parts of the xpat2 window may be left blank after a resize
event. You have to hit <ctrl-L> to get the window redrawn correctly.
Please mail bug reports to Michael.Bischoff@gmx.net. Fixes are
xpat(6), spider(1), xsol(1)
Heiko Eissfeldt and Michael Bischoff
Copyright (c) 1994 by Heiko Eissfeldt and Michael Bischoff
(email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org)
Copyright (c) 1990 by David Lemke & Network Computing Devices, Inc.
Copyright 1990 Heather Rose and Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Copyright (c) 1989, Donald R. Woods and Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted,
provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in
xpat and xpat2 were developed under Linux, the free UNIX for the IBM-PC
and compatibles. xpat is based on the game spider. All new code which
is not covered by spider copyrights is distributed by terms of the GNU
General public license (GNU Copyleft).