wmbiffrc - configuration file for wmbiff(1)
WMbiff is a mail notification tool for the WindowMaker and AfterStep
window managers. It can handle up to 5 mailboxes, more when run using
other window managers. You can define actions on mouse clicks for the
different mailboxes. This manpage explains the different options which
can be specified in a user’s wmbiffrc.
Each option takes the form option[.mbox] = value. Comments must be
preceeded by pound signs (#).
The supported configuration options are:
File that holds TLS (SSL) certificates. If specified, wmbiff will
check certificates and exit on a failure, so your password is
secure. If not present, wmbiff will trust all certificates and may
be vulnerable to a man-in-the-middle attack. WMbiff’s will not
prompt if you want to accept new certificates. Instead, wmbiff
expects your mail client to keep certificates in a file. For
example, if mutt is your mailreader, you may add:
Global interval between mailbox checking. Value is the number of
seconds, 5 is the default.
Program run to ask for IMAP passwords, if left empty in the
configuration file. The default is /usr/bin/ssh-askpass. Can be
specified on a per-mailbox basis.
XPM pixmap file to load for the background. If not a full path,
wmbiff will search /usr/share/wmbiff/skins, /usr/share/wmbiff,
/usr/local/share/wmbiff, and the current directory for the pixmap
Command to be executed when new mail is recieved in any mailbox. Set
notify.n to override this option for mailbox n.
Specifies the displayed label for a mailbox. It can be up to five
Path to the mailbox, local or remote one. Path lines start with a
prefix, which specifies the type of wmbiff box you’re setting up.
The following types are supported:
mbox This is a local mbox mailbox. After the prefix, you only need
to put the path to the mailbox wmbiff needs to read. Local
mboxes may be specified using shell commands enclosed in
This works just like mbox above.
flags can one or more of:
F Flush directory caches by creating (then deleting) a
temporary file in each maildir prior to checking.
This hack speeds up checking network-mounted maildirs
in cases where directory caching can cause unwanted
delays (eg. SFS-mounted maildirs).
pop3 Using this type, WMBiff will check for mail on a pop3 server
using the specified username, password, host and an optional
port number (defaulting to 110). If your password contains a
special character, eg. ’@’ or ’:’, use the second path
format. See Authentication below for a description of the
pop3:user passwd server[ port] [auth]
pop3s Exactly like pop3, only uses TLS (SSL) when built with gnutls
and defaults to port 995. This copy of WMBiff was compiled
imap These are IMAP4 boxes. As with pop3, WMBiff will report the
status of an IMAP4 mbox using the given values. This type
accepts user, optional password, host and optional path to
mailbox and port number. See Authentication below for a
description of the auth field. The password may be left
empty: see askpass above for information on password
prompting. If your password includes a @, use the space
delimited form. If it contains a space or #, use the askpass
option instead. The mailbox field may be quoted, e.g.,
server/"Mail/Eggs and Spam". Mailboxes in subfolders may be
described as /INBOX.subfolder by some servers and
/Mail/subfolder by others.
imap:user passwd server[/mailbox][ port] [auth]
imap:user:passwd@server[/"mail box"][:port] [auth]
imaps These are IMAP4 boxes wrapped in a TLS (SSL) connection. This
copy of WMBiff was compiled with GNUTLS. Parameters are the
same as those for ordinary IMAP4 boxes. Port defaults to
993. If 143 is specified, WMBiff will attempt to connect
unencrypted but negotiate TLS using IMAP’s STARTTLS command.
TLS support uses GNUTLS, which is under development and may
be insecure. See the imap format above for additional detail
about specifying your password.
imaps:user passwd server[/mailbox][ port] [auth]
licq With this box type, wmbiff will read the given history file
and track the number of messages in it. It just needs a path
to a given licq history file.
gicu With this box type, wmbiff will ask gnomeicu for the number
of pending messages. If gnomeicu is not running, nothing
will be displayed. gnomeicu-client must be in your path.
The user’s icq UIN is optional.
finger With this box type, wmbiff will finger an account to see if
there is unread mail. Both finger and perl must be in your
path, and your server must run a finger daemon.
shell With this keyword, wmbiff will launch the specified shell
command and read its output (STDOUT) expecting an integer
message count or a three-character string. If "new" is in
the first line, the string or number will be displayed in
yellow. The behavior of this experimental keyword is likely
to change in future revisions.
shell:::/path/to/command shell:::lpq | grep Queue | awk
Command to be executed on new mail arrival in the given mailbox.
Accepts the special keyword "beep" to use the pc speaker.
Command to be executed on left mouse click on a mailbox label.
Accepts the special keyword "msglst" to pop up a window of recent
message headers from IMAP or POP3 mailboxes when the left mouse
button is held.
Command to be executed on middle mouse click on a mailbox level.
Accepts the special keyword "msglst" to pop up a window of recent
message headers from IMAP or POP3 mailboxes when the middle mouse
button is held.
Per mailbox check interval. Value is the amount of seconds between
checkings, default is the global interval.
Interval between mail auto-fetching. Values accept 0 to disable, -1
for autofetching on new mail arrival, and positive values for a
given interval in seconds.
Command to be executed to fetch mail. If not specified, fetching
through wmbiff is disabled completely. Accepts the special keyword
"msglst" to pop up a window of recent message headers from IMAP and
POP3 mailboxes when the right mouse button is held down, though not
when fetchinterval is nonzero.
Show debugging messages from this mailbox. Currently supported
values are "all" and "none". The -debug option to wmbiff overrides
this setting. Since IMAP uses a single connection per server, per-
mailbox debugging may not
WMBiff will automatically size its window to the number of configured
mailboxes. While WindowMaker’s Dock and AfterStep’s Wharf expect
square, 64x64 applets, other window managers, such as Blackbox or
Openbox do not have this limitation. This uncharacteristic "dockapp"
behavior is intended to help those users who don’t have exactly five
mailboxes to watch.
To preserve the old-style five-mailbox window even when you have only
two, add path.4=<space><space> to configure a blank 5th mailbox.
To use the new-style sizing, just configure as many mailboxes as you
Authentication methods include "cram-md5", "apop" (for Pop3), and
"plaintext". "cram-md5" and "apop" are only available when wmbiff is
compiled with libgcrypt. This copy of WMBiff was compiled with gcrypt.
Authentication methods are tried in the following order: cram-md5,
Each authentication method will be tried unless a list is included in
the [auth] field. For example, append "cram-md5 apop" if you don’t
want your password to be sent in cleartext over the network.
Conversely, append "plaintext" if you don’t want wmbiff to bother with
other authentication methods. Leaving authentication methods
unspecified should be reasonably safe. The order of entries in the
[auth] list is not currently considered.
For problems authenticating to servers, try specifying the
authentication method explicitly as described above: sometimes a failed
attempt to authenticate can cause later failures. Some servers claim
to support cram-md5 but fail: telling wmbiff not to try can help.
For other problems, run wmbiff with the -debug option. See wmbiff(1)
While editing .wmbiffrc, you may find it useful to restart wmbiff using
either control-shift mouse button 1, or killall -USR1 wmbiff.
per-user wmbiff configuration file.
This manual page was written by Jordi Mallach <email@example.com>,
originally for the Debian system (but may be used by others).
/usr/share/doc/wmbiff/examples/sample.wmbiffrc (or equivalent on your