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nearbyint, nearbyintf, nearbyintl, rint, rintf, rintl - round to nearest integer

#include<math.h>doublenearbyint(doublex);floatnearbyintf(floatx);longdoublenearbyintl(longdoublex);doublerint(doublex);floatrintf(floatx);longdoublerintl(longdoublex);Link with-lm. Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (seefeature_test_macros(7)):nearbyint(),nearbyintf(),nearbyintl(): _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; orcc-std=c99rint(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; orcc-std=c99rintf(),rintl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; orcc-std=c99

Thenearbyint() functions round their argument to an integer value in floating-point format, using the current rounding direction (seefesetround(3)) and without raising theinexactexception. Therint() functions do the same, but will raise theinexactexception (FE_INEXACT, checkable viafetestexcept(3)) when the result differs in value from the argument.

These functions return the rounded integer value. Ifxis integral, +0, -0, NaN, or infinite,xitself is returned.

No errors occur. POSIX.1-2001 documents a range error for overflows, but see NOTES.

C99, POSIX.1-2001.

SUSv2 and POSIX.1-2001 contain text about overflow (which might seterrnotoERANGE, or raise anFE_OVERFLOWexception). In practice, the result cannot overflow on any current machine, so this error-handling stuff is just nonsense. (More precisely, overflow can happen only when the maximum value of the exponent is smaller than the number of mantissa bits. For the IEEE-754 standard 32-bit and 64-bit floating- point numbers the maximum value of the exponent is 128 (respectively, 1024), and the number of mantissa bits is 24 (respectively, 53).) If you want to store the rounded value in an integer type, you probably want to use one of the functions described inlrint(3) instead.

ceil(3),floor(3),lrint(3),round(3),trunc(3)

This page is part of release 3.24 of the Linuxman-pagesproject. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 2008-08-05