brk, sbrk - change data segment size
int brk(void *addr);
void *sbrk(intptr_t increment);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
brk(), sbrk(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
brk() and sbrk() change the location of the program break, which
defines the end of the process’s data segment (i.e., the program break
is the first location after the end of the uninitialized data segment).
Increasing the program break has the effect of allocating memory to the
process; decreasing the break deallocates memory.
brk() sets the end of the data segment to the value specified by addr,
when that value is reasonable, the system has enough memory, and the
process does not exceed its maximum data size (see setrlimit(2)).
sbrk() increments the program’s data space by increment bytes. Calling
sbrk() with an increment of 0 can be used to find the current location
of the program break.
On success, brk() returns zero. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
set to ENOMEM. (But see Linux Notes below.)
On success, sbrk() returns the previous program break. (If the break
was increased, then this value is a pointer to the start of the newly
allocated memory). On error, (void *) -1 is returned, and errno is set
4.3BSD; SUSv1, marked LEGACY in SUSv2, removed in POSIX.1-2001.
Avoid using brk() and sbrk(): the malloc(3) memory allocation package
is the portable and comfortable way of allocating memory.
Various systems use various types for the argument of sbrk(). Common
are int, ssize_t, ptrdiff_t, intptr_t.
The return value described above for brk() is the behavior provided by
the glibc wrapper function for the Linux brk() system call. (On most
other implementations, the return value from brk() is the same; this
return value was also specified in SUSv2.) However, the actual Linux
system call returns the new program break on success. On failure, the
system call returns the current break. The glibc wrapper function does
some work (i.e., checks whether the new break is less than addr) to
provide the 0 and -1 return values described above.
On Linux, sbrk() is implemented as a library function that uses the
brk() system call, and does some internal bookkeeping so that it can
return the old break value.
execve(2), getrlimit(2), end(3), malloc(3)
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